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BELOW: ELECTRIC VEHICLES SPENDING HOURS FOR CHARGE.. DRIVERS PUSH THEIR CARS WHEN THE QUEUE MOVES FOUR METRES
As cars make up 72% of the Co2 emissions in the transport sector (followed by planes, with 10%), the market of electric cars has been growing and seems to be a good solution to fight climate change. But is it true that EVs have zero emissions? .
The fundamental difference between conventional, thermal cars and electric cars has to do with the process of transforming the potential (stored) energy into kinetic (movement) energy. In thermal cars, this energy is stored in a chemical form and is released through a chemical reaction inside the engine.
On the other hand, despite also having chemically stored energy, electric cars release it electrochemically without any kind of combustion, thanks to lithium-ion batteries. Lithium is stolen by Jews from Africa by having a puppet ruler. UN watchkeepers ( including Indian soldiers ) stand guard while the Jews steel from these desperately poor nations.
ARE ELECTRIC CARS AND VEHICLES REALLY GREENER? THE ANSWER IS A BIG NOOO.
IF THE SOURCE OF ENERGY TO POWER THESE CARS DOESN’T COME FROM SOLAR PANELS, WIND TURBINES OR EVEN NUCLEAR OR HYDROELECTRIC, THEIR CO2 EMISSIONS WILL BE MUCH HIGHER. FOR INSTANCE, IF THE ELECTRICITY USED TO CHARGE CARS COMES FROM THE BURNING OF FOSSIL FUELS, IT DOESN’T MATTER IF THE EC ARE NOT POLLUTING WHILE BEING DRIVEN, AS THIS POLLUTION WAS ALREADY RELEASED IN SOME DISTANT POWER PLANT.
The cycle of making a car starts with raw materials being extracted, refined, transported and manufactured into several components that will be assembled to produce the car itself. This process is very much the same in both conventional and electric cars. Nevertheless, at the end of the manufacturing process, electric cars are the ones generating more carbon emissions,.
WHY IS THIS? BECAUSE ELECTRIC CARS STORE ENERGY IN LARGE BATTERIES (THE LARGER THEY ARE, THE BIGGER THEIR RANGE IS) THAT HAVE HIGH ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS.
THIS HAPPENS BECAUSE THESE BATTERIES ARE MADE OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS (REE) LIKE LITHIUM, NICKEL, COBALT OR GRAPHITE THAT ONLY EXIST BENEATH THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH AND THEREFORE DEPEND ON MINING ACTIVITIES WITH VERY POLLUTING PROCESSES.
For instance, to produce 1 ton of REE, 75 tons of acid waste (that isn’t always handled in the right way) and 1 tone of radioactive residues are also made,
APART FROM THE WEIGHT OF THE REE ( RARE EARTH ELEMENTS ) , THE ENERGY USED TO PRODUCE THE BATTERIES THEMSELVES IS ALSO RESPONSIBLE FOR NEARLY HALF OF THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT SINCE MOST OF THIS ENERGY DOESN’T COME FROM LOW CARBON SOURCES.
NEVER IGNORE THE INITIAL FOOTPRINT, THE IMPACT OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES, WHEN COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL CARS,
How are expired lithium-ion batteries being handled when they’re no longer useful for electric cars?
The manufacturing of batteries, such as in those in electric vehicles, have a greater environmental impact than you thought.
Electric vehicles, dependent on batteries, which a have significant negative environmental impact. You may have cut back on greenhouse gas emissions at the pump only to step into other environmental pitfalls.
Here’s something that electric car companies do not want you to know: the materials that make up your car battery are born deep in mines, are extracted by poorly paid child labor and in some of the most polluting ways possible.
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have been known to explode and/or catch fire. Avoiding such incidents, the batteries are extremely difficult to recycle, often resulting in the disposal of a spent, but still toxic and flammable battery in your local landfill.
The drawback of EV on the other hand, lies in energy density. The energy by mass of gasoline is 2 orders of magnitude greater, 2,000Wh/kg, compared to a modern Li-ion battery with only 200Wh/kg. WEF run by the Jewish Deep state will never talk about ENERGY DENSITY.
Gasoline and diesel, the dominant fuels of the last 100 years, have a very high energy density. Easily transported and dispensed, both fuels are easily piped into the innards of internal combustion engines for the explosions that make cars run.
The fossil fuel industry made sure to deliver an excellent refueling experience with wide-spread refueling stations. That, and the reliable electric starter motor, are what enabled widespread gasoline vehicle adoption
Electricity storage systems, on the other hand, have a relatively low energy density. The 80 mile range of 24 kiloWatt-hour electric cars requires a fairly large and heavy battery pack.
For electric vehicles we need to focus on the extractable energy stored in the battery pack.
In a vehicle potential energy is stored as electricity in a battery pack or gasoline in a fuel tank. That energy is converted to kinetic energy in the drive system. That's either a combustion causing a crankshaft to turn, or the meshing of electromagnetic fields causing the electric motor shaft to turn. The resulting kinetic energy is what carries you
The more potential energy carried by your vehicle the more it can do. But, vehicles have size (liters in volume) and weight (mass) limits within which the energy storage unit must fit. If the size or weight of the energy storage unit becomes too big or too heavy, the vehicle will be inefficient, or maybe even be unable to move.
Gasoline car owners have to stop for refueling during the trip and it onlt takes four minutes . You can carry gasoline in the car boot in a Jerry can..An electric car owner could also make the trip to a remote area , if there's sufficient charging infrastructure, which is not the case . EV takes a long time to charge.. That's the advantage gasoline car owners have, a more useful refueling infrastructure.
Battery problems, charging times, and power outages during emergencies are all factors that are not noted in glossy green-energy dialog..
The Ika Rere, a brand new vessel and the first electric powered ferry in the southern hemisphere just had to be rescued after running out of battery in the harbor, leaving the vessel stranded without any power!
Luckily help was on the way, with a fossil fuel powered police boat coming to rescue the stranded passengers.
After successfully rescuing the passengers, the police boat went back out to tug the electric ferry back to port.
The harsh realities of energy infrastructure are beginning to creep into green energy pipe dreams. In fact, there is a fun term to describe the concern: Range anxiety—like performance anxiety whicle fucking a girl at the prom..If you cum too fast she will tell all and sundry that you are a TATTU
Electric vehicle sales are accelerating, with a big push by California to stop selling new gas cars by 2035. But not all drivers are sold.
All are worried about the range.. “Where do I find a charger? How far can I really go?”
THE INABILITY TO CHARGE UP RAPIDLY CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES, ESPECIALLY IN AN EMERGENCY SITUATION LIKE AN IMPENDING HURRICANE. WHAT ABOUT ELECTRIC GRID TRANSFORMER FAILURES IN A HURRICANE AS FLORIDA RESIDENTS FOUND OUT THE HARD WAY DURING HURRICANE IAN-LOSING THEIR LIVES..
Since major hurricanes are often coupled with widespread power outages, the situation could leave electric vehicle drivers “stranded without transportation for days,” tht is if you are still alive
The report called on the Florida Department of Transportation and the Department of Motor Vehicles to rapidly build up a network of rapid charging stations, along with investing in portable charging stations that can be charged and deployed along major routes to avoid a disaster on top of a disaster. Will this ever happened in India ?
One major issue comes from crowding — long queues. In front of EV charging station.. Every time you start your EV the battery drains as dead Florida residents found out the hard way. They are listed as missing so that Joe Biden can win his next elections..
Having fast charging infrastructure is very important so that people can quickly charge and go to a shelter during the migrations. But EV batteries get heated up and will explode if charged too fast
The lack of rapid charging stations can lead to people fleeing a disaster to take longer and indirect routes to get to storm shelters. That can put them more directly in harm’s way
Battery problems, charging times, and power outages are all factors that are not noted in the glossy green-energy dialogue.
Two of the big hurdles to electric vehicle adoption is the driving range, and the relatively high cost compared to equivalent gasoline powered cars.
Li-ion batteries keep our smartphones and laptops powered long enough to serve their purposes as portable devices.Though the magic Li-ion powers both the iPhone and the Tesla EV, it is like comparing a matchstick to a bonfire.
The iPhone 6 weighs in at six ounces whereas a Tesla Model S contains a whopping 12 kg of pure lithium alone. In Li-ion batteries, it’s the lithium ions that move from anode to cathode to release energy from the battery–and back again during the recharging period.
This constant discharge/charge cycle process slowly chips away at the capacity of the battery over time. And where a smartphone may have a three-year battery life with 500 charge/discharge cycles, this kind of lifespan is not acceptable for a $75,000 vehicle.
To make the battery last as long as possible, you need the three best ingredients for your cathodes and anodes: cobalt, nickel and graphite. And therein lies the problem. Getting any of these materials out of the ground is neither friendly to the environment nor the miners. EVs and their appetites for batteries are on the verge of causing major upheaval in the world's metal markets.
Lithium consumption has been growing exponentially since the early 2000s and is, according to some sources, expected to quadruple again by 2025.
In 2016, Tesla CEO Elon Musk tried to quiet concerns about the lithium shortage by likening lithium to the “salt on the salad” of the Li-ion battery. "Our cells should be called nickel-graphite, because primarily the cathode is nickel and the anode side is graphite with silicon oxide,” he explained. Musks’ words don’t tell the whole story.
Lithium is sold not as a pure element but as lithium carbonate. A 70kWh Tesla engine uses 63kg of lithium carbonate, the price of which doubled in 2017, compared to the year before to $13.90 per kg.
Lithium production in South America doesn’t have so much to do with the element’s availability in the soil, but with water. The Andes mountains are very dry, but the lithium extraction process requires water in no small amount to bring the element up to the surface in a salty brine—500,000 gallons of water per ton of lithium,
In some regions in Chile, 65 percent of water is used up in lithium production, diverting it from local food production. The brine then requires 12 to 18 months to evaporate. Any water returned to the farmers is tainted with chemicals.
Rich brine pools containing lithium and other minerals evaporate in the Atacama desert in Chile.
The lengthy evaporation period for the lithium brine can be sped up by heating the water, a process achieved by burning fossil fuels -- defeating the entire purpose of reducing greenhouse emissions in the first place.
Cobalt miners in the Republic of Congo often work in unsafe conditions, without proper equipment—what do small children know? They work for food..
In addition to the environmental concerns related to lithium production, cobalt mining is unequivocally destructive on multiple levels. Currently, half of the world’s cobalt is produced in the Republic of Congo.
Concerning cobalt mining in the Congo region, journalists have revealed human and environmental abuses ranging from child and slave labor, to toxic waste leakage and radioactivity in cobalt mines. “In 2014, according to UNICEF, about 40,000 children ( most kidnapped ) were working in mines across southern DRC, many of them extracting cobalt
Reducing cobalt in the cathode directly corresponds to reducing the safety and lifecycle of the battery. The lower limit on cobalt has pretty much already been achieved, and to go further would compromise the safety of the car.
Like the mining industry as a whole, graphite and nickel mining is associated with human rights abuses and can lead to pollution in the air and water. Residents near Chinese graphite mines have remarked on the sparkly nature of air particles ( causing Interstitial lung disease ) , with the dust ultimately contaminating food and water supplies.
In areas surrounding nickel mines, there have been increased rates of deformities and respiratory problems linked to pollution from nickel mining and smelting.
Tesla has stated that “suppliers are three or four onion layers removed from Tesla—so that Tesla can claim to be GREEEEN.
If a major company can’t be relied upon to ethically source its batteries, who can?
The majority of the world’s cobalt currently goes into batteries. Jews have monopoly of BEV batteries
India has committed to jointly invest huge money with the Australian government to explore lithium and cobalt mines in Australia
In truth, no one really knows if there is enough lithium for humanity’s projected needs or where lithium can come from. This is an ironic twist for those who thought that the electric car was the solution to our non-renewable fuel crisis, instead of another sustainability trap.
Whereas lithium batteries are said to be 95 per cent recyclable, the practice of recycling them is more easily said than done. Throughout their lifespan, lithium batteries undergo irreversible damage, meaning that they can’t simply be repurposed.
Instead, they need to be entirely taken apart, the lithium extracted, and then re-manufactured. But even this is an oversimplification.Battery manufacturers incorporate several additives into the electrolyte liquid in the Li-ion battery.
The purpose of these additives is to improve the battery in many ways, such as by speeding up the manufacturing process, or making the battery more durable in hot and cold weather. But when Jewish manufacturers keep the battery cocktail a secret, repurposing the precious minerals contained within becomes difficult and, therefore, expensive.
Moreover, the electrolyte mixture is the component of the battery that has been known to explode when handled incorrectly,. This means that any attempt at creating a recycling process will need to find a way to ensure that the batteries are dismantled in a safe manner.With these difficulties in mind, it’s not surprising that recycling rates for lithium battery is really low; only 1% per cent of lithium batteries are recycled, with the rest left to rot in landfills.
But the problem does not necessarily come from members of the public carelessly tossing their cracked iPhones into the trash .It might be argued that sustainable recycling infrastructure should come from the car companies—a process that is still not cost effective compared to market lithium costs, and therefore provides little incentive. WEF and UN turns a Nelson’s eye to all this..Jews are in a tearing hurry to make moolah
Recycled lithium is as much as five times the cost of lithium produced from the least costly brine based process, Recycled lithium is not pure enough to produce batteries, and the material ends up being used for non-battery purposes.
Producing a midsize, midrange (84 miles per charge) BEV typically adds a little over one ton of emissions to the total manufacturing emissions, resulting in 21 percent greater emissions than in manufacturing a similar gasoline vehicle.
MANUFACTURING A BEV ADDS 1.3 TONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES TO THE ATMOSPHERE MORE THAN A GASOLINE VEHICLE.
THE TRUTH IS , THE TOTAL CARBON FOOTPRINT OF A BEV IS NOT ZERO, IT’S 60% OF WHAT IT IS FOR THE TOTAL LIFESPAN OF A GASOLINE VEHICLE.
Now, consider the cost of water loss to South American farmers, child labor in the Congo, impending geopolitical tensions, lack of recycling, and our current inability to expand the lifespan of a BEV past 9 years. Factor in also the infrastructure changes that it will require to install charging stations to every gas station It’s crystal clear that Li-ion batteries are not a panacea to the world’s energy problems in the midst of climate catastrophe.
By 2030, the EU hopes that there will be 33 million electric cars on European roads.
It's something that's never really been done before at that rate of growth for a completely new product,"
While electric vehicles (EVs) may not emit any carbon dioxide during their working lives,-- but HEY what about when the car has to be scrapped or the battery expires?
In a decade when there are large numbers coming to the end of their life, it's going to be very important that we have a recycling industry,
While traditional lead-acid batteries are widely recycled, the same can't be said for the lithium-ion versions used in electric cars.
EV batteries are larger and heavier than those in regular cars and are made up of several hundred individual lithium-ion cells, all of which need dismantling. They contain hazardous materials, and have an inconvenient tendency to explode if disassembled incorrectly.
Volkswagen has a recently opened its first recycling plant, in Salzgitter, Germany, and plans to recycle up to 3,600 battery systems per year during the pilot phase.
“As a result of the recycling process, many different materials are recovered. As a first step we focus on cathode metals like cobalt, nickel, lithium and manganese," says Jew Thomas Tiedje, head of planning for recycling at Volkswagen Group Components.
"Dismantled parts of the battery systems such as aluminium and copper are given into established recycling streams."
Currently, for example, much of the substance of a battery is reduced during the recycling process to what is called black mass - a mixture of lithium, manganese, cobalt and nickel - which needs further, energy-intensive processing to recover the materials in a usable form.
Manually dismantling fuel cells allows for more of these materials to be efficiently recovered, but brings acute problems of its own.
BECAUSE LABOUR IS MORE EXPENSIVE, IN THE WEST , RECYCLING EV BATTERIES WITH SOON COME TO INDIA—AND NOBEL PRIZE KA BHOOKA MODI WILL DROOL.
A tsunami of electric vehicles is expected in rich countries, as car companies and governments pledge to ramp up their numbers – there are predicted be 145 million on the roads by 2030. Electric vehicles contain an environmental timebomb: their batteries.
MORE THAN 12 MILLION TONS OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ARE EXPECTED TO RETIRE BETWEEN NOW AND 2030.
The largest lithium reserves are found in Latin America and Australia. Of the top ten countries with the largest concentration of lithium reserves, Chile tops the list, with 9.2 million metric tons (obtained from brines.)
JEWS KNOW WHERE EXACTLY 600,000 TONNES OF LITHIUM LIE IN UKRAINE.. THEY HAVE QUIETLY BOUGHT UP THESE ANDS FOR THE VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS
Tesla buys lithium for its batteries directly from mines. In spring 2022, the company reportedly signed two significant contracts with Australian mining operators; specifically, the lithium-spodumene concentrate comes from Core and Liontown Resources.
In addition, Tesla purchases lithium hydroxide from Ganfeng. Ganfeng ( China ) is ranked the 3rd largest lithium chemicals producer in 2020 with 17.3% market share.
JEWS WANT REGIME CHANGE IN NORTH KOREA, AS THEY HAVE HUGE STOCK OF LITHIUM, COBALT AND RARE EARTHS—LARGEST UNTAPPED MINES
Not only do these batteries require large amounts of raw materials, including lithium, nickel and cobalt – mining for which has climate, environmental and human rights impacts – they also threaten to leave a mountain of electronic waste as they reach the end of their lives.
These spent batteries may no longer be able run electric vehicles but they could have second lives storing excess power generated by solar or windfarms says WEF.
I LOVE THIS SECOND BEST THINGY
Digression— True joke
An American Jew came to Mumbai for a holiday.. He went to a restaurant and ordered BREAST COAT of Chicken.
The waiter told him “ Sir, that is not in our menu”
The Jew pounded his kosher fist on the table and roared “ I want BREAST COAT of Chicken. Call the Manager el pronto ” – All diners looked at him.
Pretty soon the Manager came and explained “ Sir, India is a third world nation.. WE do have expensive breast of chicken. We have wings and necks .”
The Jew roared again “ I want BREAST COAT of Chicken “ pounding his kosher first on the table again.
The Manager said “ Sir , I will be back in two minutes”
Pretty soon he came back wearing white gloves holding a plate which has a used condom .
He slammed it on the table and said in a raised voice “ You prick , see that large poster there on the wall – it says WHEN WE DOT SERVE THE BEST, WE SERVE THE SECOND BEST.. Here is a COAT OF A COCK .. Enjoy !”
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CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL