Sunday, June 23, 2019

INDIA MUST REVERT TO ORGANIC AGRICULTURE before we lose all our priceless topsoil and water resources, Part 6- Capt Ajit Vadakayil





THIS POST IS CONTINUED FROM PART 5, BELOW--


























Water budgeting is often compared to managing a savings account: The starting point is  field capacity (see definitions, above), and as water is removed and the “savings balance”  drops, it is replaced as needed by the crop. Water budgeting is a quantitative approach  using existing models that analyze temperature and crop water use to determine  evapotranspiration (ET) rates.






Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, canopy interception, and waterbodies. 

Transpiration accounts for the movement of water within a plant and the subsequent loss of water as vapor through stomata in its leaves. Evapotranspiration is an important part of the water cycle. An element (such as a tree) that contributes to evapotranspiration can be called an evapotranspirator



Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop (grass), completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. 

It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.

 Often a value for the potential evapotranspiration is calculated at a nearby climatic station on a reference surface, conventionally short grass. This value is called the reference evapotranspiration . Actual evapotranspiration is said to equal potential evapotranspiration when there is ample water



Soil water balance refers to the amount of water held in the soil and is similar to a checkbook balance. Because soil can hold a limited amount of water, knowing the soil water balance reduces­ the risk of applying too much water resulting in deep percolation or runoff. It also assures that irrigation can occur in a timely fashion to avoid crop stress. 

The process of applying the right amount of water at the right time is irrigation scheduling. Without knowing the soil water balance, irrigation scheduling is not possible.

The goal of irrigation management is to maintain a soil water balance between field capacity and a minimum balance . As a result­ water can be applied before plant stress occurs and without over filling the root zone.


If a plant's soil has too much water, the roots can rot, and the plant can't get enough oxygen from the soil. If there is not enough water for a plant, the nutrients it needs cannot travel through the plant. A plant cannot grow if it doesn't have healthy roots, so the proper balance of water is key when growing plants

If the moisture content of a soil is optimum for plant growth, plants can readily absorb soil water. ... Much of water remains in the soil as a thin film. Soil water dissolves salts and makes up the soil solution, which is important as medium for supply of nutrients to growing plants.


Soil tensiometers and Electrical Resistance Sensing Devices (ERSDs) are the instruments most commonly used to measure soil moisture 




Soil moisture sensors measure the volumetric water content in soil. Since the direct gravimetric measurement of free soil moisture requires removing, drying, and weighting of a sample, soil moisture sensors measure the volumetric water content indirectly by using some other property of the soil, such as electrical resistance, dielectric constant, or interaction with neutrons, as a proxy for the moisture content.

The relation between the measured property and soil moisture must be calibrated and may vary depending on environmental factors such as soil type, temperature, or electric conductivity. Reflected microwave radiation is affected by the soil moisture and is used for remote sensing in hydrology and agriculture. Portable probe instruments can be used by farmers or gardeners.

Soil moisture sensors typically refer to sensors that estimate volumetric water content. Another class of sensors measure another property of moisture in soils called water potential; these sensors are usually referred to as soil water potential sensors and include tensiometers and gypsum blocks.


Plants transpire more rapidly in the light than in the dark. This is largely because light stimulates the opening of the stomata.  Light also speeds up transpiration by warming the leaf. 

Plants transpire more rapidly at higher temperatures because water evaporates more rapidly as the temperature rises.  At 86°F, a leaf may transpire three  times as fast as it does at 68°F.

When the surrounding air is dry, diffusion of water out of the leaf happens more rapidly.

When there is no breeze, the air surrounding a  leaf becomes increasingly humid thus reducing the  rate of transpiration. When a breeze is present, the  humid air is carried away and replaced by drier air.

A plant can continue to transpire rapidly if its water loss is made up by replacement water from the soil. When absorption of water by the roots fails to keep up with the rate of transpiration, loss of  turgor rigidity caused by pressure of water against  cell walls occurs and the stomata close.

This immediately reduces the rate of transpiration (as well as of photosynthesis). If the loss of turgor extends to  the rest of the leaf and stem, the plant wilts.

The volume of water lost in transpiration can be  very high.  It has been scientifically estimated in USA that over the growing season, one acre of corn plants may transpire  400,000 gallons of water. As liquid water, this  would cover the field with a lake 15 inches deep.




https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

SINCE MODI BECAME PM 5 YEARS AGO..

EVERY YEAR , TWO MONTHS BEFORE MONSOONS , THIS BLOGSITE HAS BEEN ASKING HIM TO DESILT DAM RESERVOIRS..

I ASKED TO PREVENT EVAPORATION FROM RESERVOIRS, LAKES AND CANALS..

I ASKED THAT IN ALL PLACES WHERE GROUNDWATER LEVEL HAS BECOME LOW , WE MUST HAVE RAIN WATER HARVESTING..

MODI HAS DONE NOTHING... HE WANTS EGO MASSAGE AND VOTE MILKING KA NUSKE-- BASSSSS !

NOW HE IS DOING HOOOO HAAAAA OVER THE ISSUE ..

I WONDER WHO IS THE BIGGER CONMAN -- GAURAV PRADHAN OR NARENDRA DAMODARDAS MODI...

IT IS ALL ABOUT THEMSELVES--NOT THE WATAN..

capt ajit vadakayil
..



A tensiometer in soil science is a measuring instrument used to determine the matric water potential (soil moisture tension) in the vadose zone. This device typically consists of a glass or plastic tube with a porous ceramic cup, and is filled with water. 

The top of the tube has either a built-in vacuum gauge or a rubber cap used with a portable puncture tensiometer instrument, which uses a hypodermic needle to measure the pressure inside the tensiometer. The tensiometer is buried in the soil, and a hand pump is used to pull a partial vacuum.

As water is pulled out of the soil by plants and evaporation, the vacuum inside the tube increases. As water is added to the soil, the vacuum inside the tube pulls moisture from the soil and decreases. As the water in tensiometer is considered to be equilibrium with the soil water, the gauge reading of the tensiometer represents the matric potential of the soil.

Such tensiometers are used in irrigation scheduling to help farmers and other irrigation managers to determine when to water. In conjunction with a water retention curve, tensiometers can be used to determine how much to water. With practice, a tensiometer can be a useful tool for these purposes. Soil tensiometers can also be used in the scientific study of soils and plants.


The vadose zone, also termed the unsaturated zone, is the part of Earth between the land surface and the top of the phreatic zone, the position at which the groundwater (the water in the soil's pores) is at atmospheric pressure . Hence, the vadose zone extends from the top of the ground surface to the water table.

Water in the vadose zone has a pressure head less than atmospheric pressure, and is retained by a combination of adhesion (funiculary groundwater), and capillary action (capillary groundwater). If the vadose zone envelops soil, the water contained therein is termed soil moisture. 

In fine grained soils, capillary action can cause the pores of the soil to be fully saturated above the water table at a pressure less than atmospheric. The vadose zone does not include the area that is still saturated above the water table, often referred to as the capillary fringe




Tensiometers and ERSDs provide soil/water tension readings that can be used to  establish irrigation schedules adequate to maintain soil moisture at levels conducive to good crop growth and productivity

Evapotranspiration (ET)  - many factors affect ET, including weather parameters such as solar radiation, air temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed; soil factors such as soil texture, structure, density,  and chemistry; and plant factors such as plant type, root depth, foliar density, height, and  stage of growth.

Evaporation is the transformation of water from a  liquid into a gas. Water volatilizes into the air easily,  especially when it is hot and windy. Evaporation  happens only at the surface of a liquid, so the greater the surface area-to-volume ratio of the water, the  greater the evaporation rate. This means that you  lose more water to evaporation from water sprayed  in drops into the air than you do from water in a  drip tape line or in an irrigation canal or ditch.

The evaporation rate (i.e., the time it takes for  a certain amount of water to volatilize) for a given  day can be measured. One way is by placing a  known quantity of water in a container of a known  surface area and timing how long it takes to disappear.  Water budgets are analogous to maintaining a balanced checkbook. 

Additions of irrigation  water or rainwater are “deposits” and water use by plants as well as evaporation from the  soil surface are “withdrawals.” The starting point for a water budget is a soil saturated  from either irrigation or rainfall. From that initial point of saturation, water depletion is  monitored and water is applied as needed to maintain a “balanced” system to optimize  plant growth.

Crop evapotranspiration rate (ETc) equals the crop coefficient (Kc) multiplied by the reference crop evapotranspiration rate (ETo). Crop coefficients are properties of plants used in predicting evapotranspiration (ET).

Soil moisture sensors  tensiometers and electrical resistance sensing devices  (ERSDs) are the instruments most commonly used in measuring soil moisture.

Measuring soil moisture is important for agricultural applications to help farmers manage their irrigation systems more efficiently. Knowing the exact soil moisture conditions on their fields, not only are farmers able to generally use less water to grow a crop, they are also able to increase yields and the quality of the crop by improved management of soil moisture during critical plant growth stages.. 

Golf courses use soil moisture sensors to increase the efficiency of their irrigation systems to prevent over-watering

Soil moisture sensors measure the volumetric water content in soil.  Since the direct gravimetric measurement of free soil moisture requires removing, drying, and weighting of a sample, soil moisture sensors measure the volumetric water content indirectly by using some other property of the soil, such as electrical resistance, dielectric constant, or interaction with neutrons, as a proxy for the moisture content.

The relation between the measured property and soil moisture must be calibrated and may vary depending on environmental factors such as soil type, temperature, or electric conductivity. Reflected microwave radiation is affected by the soil moisture and is used for remote sensing in hydrology and agriculture. Portable probe instruments can be used by farmers or gardeners.

Soil moisture sensors typically refer to sensors that estimate volumetric water content. Another class of sensors measure another property of moisture in soils called water potential; these sensors are usually referred to as soil water potential sensors and include tensiometers and gypsum blocks.

Technologies commonly used to indirectly measure volumetric water content (soil moisture) include)---

Frequency Domain Reflectometry (FDR): The dielectric constant of a certain volume element around the sensor is obtained by measuring the operating frequency of an oscillating circuit.

Time Domain Transmission (TDT) and Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR): The dielectric constant of a certain volume element around the sensor is obtained by measuring the speed of propagation along a buried transmission line.

Neutron moisture gauges: The moderator properties of water for neutrons are utilized to estimate soil moisture content between a source and detector probe.

Soil resistivity: Measuring how strongly the soil resists the flow of electricity between two electrodes can be used to determine the soil moisture content.

Galvanic cell: The amount of water present can be determined based on the voltage the soil produces because water acts as an electrolyte and produces electricity. The technology behind this concept is the galvanic cell.

Two tensiometers are often placed next to each other so that soil moisture can be monitored at  different depths at the same location. The deeper  location tends to maintain a higher percentage of  moisture compared to the more shallow placement,  and this difference provides the irrigator with a  good representation of below-ground moisture dynamics that can be a great help in determining both  timing and amounts of water needed to meet the  crop’s needs over time.

Tensiometers should be placed at a number of  locations across the field to reflect different soil and  irrigation conditions. They should be left in place for  the duration of the crop cycle and read as often as  once a day to inform irrigation scheduling decisions.

Placement location and method of installation  are critical for accuracy. Tensiometers should be  placed within the root zone directly in the “wetted”  area that receives either drip or sprinkler irrigation.  . In drip-irrigated systems, place the  tensiometers off to the side of the drip line but still  within the wetting pattern of the drip.

Prior to placing the tensiometer in the soil the  semi-porous ceramic tip must be soaked in water  overnight to insure that it is adequately moist so  that water can easily move from the sealed tube into  the surrounding soil.

Once installed it usually takes several readings over  a period of several days to start getting accurate  readings.

Tensiometers have a water reservoir above the  sealed column of water that resupplies the plastic  column, since the plant roots constantly extract very  small quantities of water from the sealed tube.
Electrical Resistance Sensing Devices  In many ways electrical resistance sensing devices  (ERSDs) are similar to tensiometers—the main difference is the method used to measure soil moisture.

ERSDs utilize two “electrodes” cast into a porous  material (often gypsum based). The two electrodes in  the “block” are attached to wires that run from the  ERSD to the surface. These wires are often protected  within a ½-inch PVC tube that is attached to the  ERSD. The ESRDs are buried in the soil at various  depths and locations, similar to tensiometers, and  like the tensiometer, a soil/water slurry is used when  the ERSD is installed to establish good soil contact  with the instrument.

To get a reading from the ERSD the irrigator uses  a small, inexpensive, hand-held electrical resistance  meter that is temporarily connected to the wire  leads from the buried ERSD. The meter allows a  very low electrical current to flow between the two  electrodes in the ERSD and displays an electrical  resistance reading. 

This reading reflects the amount  of moisture within the porous material, since the  buried ERSD takes on the moisture properties of the  surrounding soil. Due to the electrical conductivity potential of water, the higher the concentration  of moisture within the porous block the lower the  resistance and, conversely, the lower the concentration of moisture within the block the higher the  resistance.

At field capacity the block is wet; as the growing plants start to extract moisture from the soil,  the moisture is also pulled from the ERSD and the  conductivity reading will reflect this change in soil  moisture. Note that high salt concentrations in the  soil solution will affect the accuracy of the reading, since salts increase electrical conductivity. This  potential salt impact needs to be taken into account  when deciding which monitoring tool is best suited  to your farm.

Electrical resistance sensing devices are relatively inexpensive and easy to install and monitor.  Like tensiometers, they are left in the field for the  duration of the cropping cycle and provide critical irrigation scheduling information that enables  the irrigation manager to make informed decisions  about irrigation frequency and quantity based on  site-specific data.
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Organic annual crop production is more reliant on tillage and cultivation for weed management and seedbed preparation. Tillage is  the organic alternative to chemical weed control. Tillage can be very effective at reducing weed populations,

Mechanical, or manual, weed control techniques manage weed populations through physical methods that remove, injure, kill, or make the growing conditions unfavorable. Some of these methods cause direct damage to the weeds through complete removal or causing a lethal injury.

In agriculture, a harrow  is an implement for breaking up and smoothing out the surface of the soil. In this way it is distinct in its effect from the plough, which is used for deeper tillage.

Harrowing is often carried out on fields to follow the rough finish left by plowing operations. The purpose of this harrowing is generally to break up clods (lumps of soil) and to provide a finer finish, a good tilth or soil structure that is suitable for seedbed use. 

Coarser harrowing may also be used to remove weeds and to cover seed after sowing. Harrows differ from cultivators in that they disturb the whole surface of the soil, such as to prepare a seedbed, instead of disturbing only narrow trails that skirt crop rows (to kill weeds).

Before rice can be planted, the soil should be in the best physical condition for crop growth and the soil surface is level. Land preparation involves plowing and harrowing to ‘till’ or dig-up, mix and level the soil.

 Next, the land is leveled to reduce the amount of water wasted by uneven pockets of too-deep water or exposed soil. Effective land leveling allows the seedlings to become established more easily, reduces the amount of effort required to manage the crop, and increases both grain quality and yields.

Transplanting  is the most popular plant establishment technique across Asia. Pre- germinated seedlings are transferred from a seedbed to the wet field. It requires less seed and is an effective method to control weeds, but requires more labor. Seedlings may be transplanted by either machine or hand.

Direct seeding involves broadcasting dry seed or pre-germinated seeds and seedlings by hand or planting them by machine. In rainfed and deepwater ecosystems, dry seed is manually broadcast onto the soil surface and then incorporated either by ploughing or by harrowing while the soil is still dry. In irrigated areas, seed is normally pre- germinated prior to broadcasting.


Organic crop production practices such as crop rotation, use of clean seed, careful use of tillage between crops, and good crop husbandry reduce problems with weeds. However, some weeds are likely to be found in the crop, and can cause yield loss if allowed to compete with the crop throughout the growing season.

Nutrient management is the science and practice directed to link soil, crop, weather, and hydrologic factors with cultural, irrigation, and soil and water conservation practices to achieve optimal nutrient use efficiency, crop yields, crop quality, and economic returns, while reducing off-site transport of nutrients (fertilizer) that may impact the environment.

 It involves matching a specific field soil, climate, and crop management conditions to rate, source, timing, and place (commonly known as the 4R nutrient stewardship) of nutrient application
Important factors that need to be considered when managing nutrients include (a) the application of nutrients considering the achievable optimum yields and, in some cases, crop quality; (b) the management, application, and timing of nutrients using a budget based on all sources and sinks active at the site; and (c) the management of soil, water, and crop to minimize the off-site transport of nutrients from nutrient leaching out of the root zone, surface runoff, and volatilization (or other gas exchanges).

Of the 16 essential plant nutrients, nitrogen is usually the most difficult to manage in field crop systems. This is because the quantity of plant-available nitrogen can change rapidly in response to changes in soil water status. Nitrogen can be lost from the plant-soil system by one or more of the following processes: leaching; surface runoff; soil erosion; ammonia volatilization; and denitrification.

Because synthetic fertilizers are generally not allowed in organic systems, the majority of nutrients must come from plant-derived or animal-derived products, in which nutrients are combined with carbon (C).

In organic systems, the N and C cycles are closely linked and nutrients, particularly N, must be managed  with this in mind.

Compared to conventional fertilizers, most organic fertilizers have lower concentrations of nutrients and  act more slowly because nutrient release depends on the level of soil biological activity in order to digest the applied materials. As a result, some portion of the nutrients will be released months subsequent to the  application.

Compost is an important soil amendment for many organic farms because it provides an inoculum of  beneficial soil organisms as well as humus, micronutrients, and slow-release N, P, and K. When farms or  fields with poor soil health and low nutrient levels are first brought into organic production, heavy compost  applications (10–20 tons per acre) can be the quickest way to improve soil fertility.

Crop rotations are required on organic farms and are used to reduce pest and disease problems, reduce  weed pressure, reduce soil erosion, build organic matter, and support a diverse soil microbial community.

Rotations that include several crops of different plant families support better soil health than simpler  rotations. A diverse crop rotation that includes legumes and deep rooted crops can enhance the efficient  cycling and utilization of crop nutrients. On sloping land, integrating a conservation crop rotation with other practices such as strip cropping or contour buffer strips  can greatly reduce soil erosion and protect soil health.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM), is to reduce or mitigate the risks  ssociated with a particular pest suppression technique to specific natural resources (e.g. water, pollinators  and other beneficial organisms). This standard defines IPM differently than some producers, who may think  of IPM as a long-term system that focuses on prevention of pests through a combination of strategies such  as biological controls, cultural practices and resistant varieties.

Some pesticides allowed in organic farming  can pose significant risks to natural resources, such as pyrethrum to fish, spinosad to bees, or any botanical  or soap-based pesticide to nontarget and beneficial arthropods. 


The organic approach of prevention and avoidance is consistent with the definition of IPM. 




To maintain healthy soil, organic farmers control erosion, feed and protect the soil life, and replenish organic matter as  well as plant nutrients. They adopt diverse crop rotations to balance nutrient demands on the soil, protect  and enhance soil life, and control erosion by maintaining good tilth, planting cover crops, and adopting other  conservation practices.

 Producers support biodiversity by providing habitat for  wildlife, pollinators and other organisms in cultivated and uncultivated areas of the farming system.

 As soil organisms  decompose organic residues, they release plant-available nutrients to support the next season’s growth, and  form humus that sustains soil quality. Mimicking this natural cycle, producers replenish soil organic matter  and nutrients by returning animal and green manures, crop residues, and other organic sources to the soil,  thereby maintaining soil fertility and crop yields. These practices feed the soil, and the soil feeds the crop.

When crops need additional nutrients, organic producers choose plant, animal, and natural mineral-based  fertilizers, most of which release nutrients gradually through the action of soil organisms. Synthetic  fertilizers are prohibited in organic production systems.

Crop rotations  that include cover crops and a mix of deep and  shallow-rooted crops may enhance nutrient and  water utilization and cycling within the soil  . Integration of crop and  livestock production can enhance nutrient cycling, as livestock consume on-farm forages and crop residues,  and provide nutrient-rich manure for subsequent crop production.

Organic systems attempt to mirror nature by maintaining biodiversity on the farm. Producers diversify  and rotate crops, and plant field edges with flowering plants to support pollinators and other beneficial  organisms. 

Fields may include hedge and tree rows of varied species, providing wildlife habitat and  structural biodiversity above and below ground. Wildlife corridors and wildlife-friendly fences maintain  connectivity for wide-ranging wildlife such as deer and predators.

Without access to many herbicides, organic producers often use tillage in annual crop production as a tool  to manage weeds and cover crops without herbicides. Recent advances in organic no-till and conservation tillage systems, such as the roller-crimper, and the use of flame weeders and mulches, have helped organic  producers reduce the intensity of soil disturbance in annual crop rotations. 

In addition, planting “subsoiling”  cover crops (deep-rooted plants that can break up a hard pan in the soil) such as tillage radish, sorghum grass hybrids, and clovers allow producers to accomplish biologically what has traditionally been done  with mechanical subsoilers and other deep tillage implements. 

While it is recognized that tillage to control  weeds reduces soil organic carbon, the rotation, cover crop, and manure management practices employed  generally increase soil carbon levels in organic production systems.

Collection of crop varieties and crop seed for organic production reflects the organic principles of working with  nature (i.e., plant what will grow well locally in an organic system). Organic farmers seek out and plant  varieties that tolerate locally prevalent pests and diseases with minimum intervention, and that perform well in the farm’s climate and soils. Many prefer locally or regionally produced seed, which may show  enhanced adaptation to local conditions.


Tilth-- a composite term for the overall physical characteristics of a soil (such as texture, structure, permeability, consistence,  drainage, and water-holding capacity)

 Primary cultivation loosens and opens untilled or compacted soils, allowing greater ease of root penetration and more desirable air/gas and water relations.

Cultivation promotes  soil particle aggregation by vertically distributing organic matter (e.g., cover crops, compost) and soil amendments, which provide energy and nutrients to the soil organisms  responsible for soil aggregate formation.

 The rearrangement of soil particles encourages  the formation of chemical bonds that also create soil aggregates. Secondary cultivation  decreases surface soil particle size to produce a quality seedbed.

 Cultivation increases soil air/gas exchange with the atmosphere. Cultivation timed to  take place when beds are appropriately moist (50%–75% of field capacity) immediately  increases soil pore space and aeration, allowing for the rapid diffusion of atmospheric  gases into the soil.

These gases, which include nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide,  are vital components of soil air that are critical for plant growth. Proper cultivation  techniques and the addition of organic matter and soil amendments encourage the  development of good crumb structure.

This creates a more permanent network of pore  spaces, allowing for the continual, passive exchange of atmospheric and soil gases, ease  of penetration by plant roots, and water infiltration, percolation, and drainage.
i. Nitrogen (N2 ): Increased atmospheric nitrogen (N2 ) levels in the soil can be used by both soil and root bacteria to fix plant-available forms of nitrogen such as nitrate (NO3 ) and ammonium
ii. Oxygen (O2 ): When combined with organic matter inputs, elevated soil oxygen levels  may increase soil biological diversity, stimulate soil biological activity, and increase the rate of microbial decomposition of organic matter in the soil. Soil aeration  replenishes the soil oxygen reservoir that is continually being taken up through plant  oots for use in respiration.
iii. Carbon dioxide (CO2  ):   Cultivation allows for the movement of CO2   out of the soil, to be replaced with oxygen and nitrogen 
b) Increase water infiltration, percolation, retention, and drainage characteristics. A soil  made more permeable through proper tillage allows water to infiltrate the soil and percolate slowly downward, draining into the subsoil at rates optimal for both crop plants and soil microbes.
c) Soil aeration increases the rate of mineralization and the release of plant-available nutrients into the soil solution for uptake by plant roots

To increase the temperature of cold soils in the spring  Soil air warms more quickly than soil water and soil solids. Soils with well-developed  aggregations and adequate pore space maintain more desirable drainage characteristics  and therefore dry and increase in temperature more rapidly than soils having fewer  pore spaces.

Biological activity and biogeochemical reactions increase at higher soil  temperatures, with soil temperatures of 50–55ºF being a threshold below which soil  icrobial activity rates and plant growth slow dramatically.

To incorporate soil amendments  -- Cultivation is a practical means of incorporating compost and other soil amendments, including mineral and non-mineral fertilizers, cover crops, and crop residues. Cultivation may be used to incorporate soil amendments to desired soil depths in order to increase the immediate or long-term availability of essential plant nutrients or to improve the physical,  biological, and/or chemical properties of the soil.

a) Composts, manures, and fertilizers: Tillage and cultivation techniques are needed to  incorporate organic matter amendments beneath the soil surface in order to avoid  the loss of carbon and volatile nitrogen compounds through surface oxidation. Tillage   may also be used to evenly distribute organic matter amendments for general soil   improvement or to place fertilizers in particular locations for specific short-term crop   nutrient requirements (i.e., banding). 

b) Incorporation of mineral amendments and other soil amendments (e.g., bone meal, fish  meal, etc.): Soil amendments must be incorporated into the soil to allow for additional  biological or chemical decomposition and to liberate and cycle essential plant nutrients 

To manage crop residues and cover crops a) Crop residues: Tillage is used both in hand-worked gardens and in mechanized systems  to incorporate crop residues. This process cycles the organic matter and nutrients held  in the crop tissues back into the soil and prepares the site for subsequent cropping.

 Cover crops:   Tillage is also used to incorporate cover crops in order to cycle organic  matter and nutrients held in the cover crop tissues back into the soil and to prepare the  site for subsequent cropping. The nutrients liberated as cover crops decompose may be  a significant source of essential plant nutrients for a given season’s crop production.

To control weeds -- Cultivation is a practical means of destroying annual weeds and weakening crowns and  rhizomes of perennial weeds. Because cultivation stimulates germination of annual weed  seeds, multiple cultivations prior to transplanting or direct sowing as well as throughout  the crop cycle may be needed to reduce the soil weed seed bank and thereby reduce weed  competition with cultivated crops.

To create particulate seedbeds  -- Secondary tillage techniques may be used to render surface soil particle sizes in proper  proportion to the size of the transplant or seed being sown. Fine-seeded crops (e.g., carrots, arugula) and transplants with small root systems (e.g., lettuce, alliums) require a  fine or small surface soil particle size. Large-seeded crops (e.g., squash, beans, corn) and  large, vigorous transplants (e.g., tomatoes) may be placed in a more coarsely tilled soil.

To manage plant pathogens and insect pests--   Timely plowing under of crop residue can be an effective means of controlling (or  minimizing) certain insect pests and plant pathogens

 To retain soil moisture --  Secondary tillage techniques may be used to intentionally pulverize the surface soil. This  practice creates a fine dust layer that interrupts the capillary action of water, thereby  reducing the loss of soil moisture to the atmosphere through evaporation. Such methods  are frequently used to conserve soil moisture in non-irrigated (dry-farmed) farming  operations.

 Cropping system  --
a) Annual cropping system: Annual cropping systems feature intensive cropping of  nutrient-demanding plants, which necessitates a high frequency of soil tillage, resulting   in both organic matter and plant nutrient losses. Annual cropping systems demand high   inputs of organic matter and mineral amendments to counter losses.

b) Perennial cropping system: Perennial cropping systems require little or no tillage after  initial planting and demand only periodic surface cultivation or mowing to manage  competing vegetation; note that the material in this manual refers mainly to annual row  crop systems

Frequent and intensive soil cultivation (along with excessive tractor and foot traffic)—  especially if done when the soil is too wet—can lead to a number of negative impacts on soil  structure.

Possible impacts include:   Decreases in soil organic matter content: Intensive cultivation in irrigated soils increases  and sustains the oxidation rate of soil organic matter. Without periodic replacement of  organic matter, soils subjected to intensive tillage will become exhausted of their active  humus content, leading to the degradation of soil biological, physical, and chemical  properties.

Soil organic matter is the energy source for many soil organisms. Soils with low or exhausted soil organic matter cannot  support large populations or a great diversity of soil microbes, which are responsible  for the liberation of plant nutrients, disease suppression, and the development and  maintenance of certain physical properties of the soil, particularly aggregation and overall granular/crumb structure.

Soil organic matter is a  reservoir of all essential plant nutrients, significantly contributing to the cation exchange capacity of the soil. Soil organic matter holds many times its weight in water, buffering the  soil against extreme moisture variations.

Loss of soil organic matter and  degradation of soil structure result in loss of soil pore space (indicated by increased bulk  density readings on a soil test) and reduce the soil’s ability to passively exchange gases with the atmosphere

Loss of soil organic matter and degradation of soil structure reduce  the soil’s ability to readily drain excess moisture

 Frequent and deep cultivation and the aeration of the soil environment disrupt earthworm habitat, kill some earthworms in the process of cultivation, and expose others to predation

The main objective of cultivation is to promote and maintain good tilth.    Tilth is a composite term for  the overall physical characteristics of a soil (texture,  structure, permeability, consistence, drainage, and  water-holding capacity).    

In short, tilth equals the  workability of a soil in  relationship to its ability to grow plants, as in “this soil has good tilth!” Soil  microbes also require oxygen in order to flourish:  80–90% of the beneficial microbes exist in the top   6–8 inches of the soil, where aeration and warmth  are optimal.

Respiration is a process by which carbohydrates  made by photosynthesis are converted into energy  for work. Just as humans need energy for bodily  functions, so do plants and microbes. The better and  deeper the soil aeration, the less energy is expended  by plant roots to push through the soil to get air,  water, and nutrients, which translates to quicker and  more vigorous subsequent growth and maturation.
 Plants’ needs for air, water, and nutrients are  best met when the soil has a continuous system of large- and intermediate-size pores from the surface to the subsoil through which water can enter, infiltrate, percolate, and drain while soil air is constantly being replenished from the atmosphere.

Roots don’t grow in soil but in the interstitial spaces between soil solids—the pore spaces.

A dry soil warms more quickly than a wet one,  principally because the amount of energy required to  raise the temperature of water is much greater than  that required to warm soil solids and soil air.

In poorly aerated soils, if water can’t drain freely it takes a large amount of energy to evaporate the moisture via solar radiation.

Reactions (biological and chemical) happen faster at higher temperatures. Thus the decomposition of organic matter by microbes, as well as water  and nutrient uptake by plants, happen more quickly as soil warms: 50–55ºF is a threshold figure above  which there is noticeable growth, and below which  growth is negligible.

The decomposed remains of microorganisms can  contribute up to 20% of the total organic matter  content of biologically active soils. Green manures,  crop residues (roots as well as tops) and weeds, as well as intentional grass/legume cover crops  incorporated into soils on a regular basis serve as  fundamental building blocks of organic matter and plant nutrition (fertilizer).

When organic matter is added to a soil via cultivation, the plant residues cement or bind soil particles together as a result of gels, gums, and glues that are byproducts of decomposition. Mycelial strands or webs of fungi also bind soil particles together.

Plant propagation is the process of growing new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings, and other plant parts. Plant propagation can also refer to the artificial or natural dispersal of plants. Seeds and spores can be used for reproduction (through e.g. sowing). Seeds are typically produced from sexual reproduction within a species, because genetic recombination has occurred. A plant grown from seeds may have different characteristics from its parents

Sexual Propagation--
1. Definition: The intentional reproduction of a new generation of plants by the germination and growth of seeds that were created in the previous generation through the fertilization  of a plant ovary via the union of male and female sex cells. Results in a genetically unique  plant generation.

 Asexual propagation is the reproduction of plants by means of division, cuttings, tissue culture, etc. This process occurs in nature, but is a primary method for reproducing many ornamental cultivars and the vast majority of fruits, berries, and nuts.

Clonal or asexual propagation results in a new generation of plants genetically identical to the parent or source plant, thus carrying forward all desirable/known characteristics in a predictable manner.

Types of plants grown from seed ---
a) Annuals: Plants that germinate, grow vegetatively, flower, and produce seeds, thus completing their entire life cycle within a single year. Sexual propagation (propagation using seeds) is the only practical means of propagation for annuals.

b) Biennials: Plants that complete their entire life cycle within two years. Growth is primarily vegetative in year one. In year two, growth is directed primarily toward reproduction in response to vernalization: The process wherein plants are exposed to decreasing day length and temperature followed by increasing day length and temperature. This process occurs in temperate climates when plants go from one growing season, through Winter and into the following Spring. Sexual propagation is  the only practical means of reproducing biennial crops.

c) Perennials: Plants that live more than two years. Once beyond their juvenile life phase,  perennials grow vegetatively, flower, and produce seeds every year. The life span of perennials depends on the genetics of the species and the environmental conditions  in which the plants are growing. By definition, perennials can live three to thousands of years, but lifespan within a particular species tends to vary. Perennials can be grown from seed, although many are reproduced asexually/vegetatively to hasten maturity, maintain genetic uniformity, and therefore retain desired morphological characteristics.

3. Open pollinated (OP) and hybrid seed --
a) Open-pollinated seed: Produced when a parent plant is fertilized by another member of the same genetically stable population. Offspring bear traits or qualities that closely  resemble the parent population.

These seeds may come from:--
b) F1 Hybrid seeds: The product of cross pollination of two different, but homogeneous inbred, stable lines, each of which contribute desirable characteristics to the subsequent  generation. Seeds saved from this next generation typically possess a highly  heterogeneous nature and will produce offspring unlike the hybrid parent population.

B. Seed Germination and Early Seedling Development 
1. Necessary pre-conditions for seed germination--
a) Viability: Seeds must contain living, healthy embryonic tissue capable of germination.
i. Viability depends upon the full development of the embryo and endosperm (nutrient  storage tissue) during the development of the seed
ii. Viability is also contingent upon maintaining the health of the embryo and  endosperm from seed maturation through seed sowing. Moisture within the seed, nutrient reserves, and an embryo’s potential to germinate are finite, as determined by  the genetics of the species and by the environmental conditions during seed storage.

b) Many species also exhibit dormancy factors that inhibit or delay seed germination. Dormant seed cannot germinate under what would otherwise be conditions favorable  for germination until dormancy factors have been overcome. Physical and chemical  dormancy are more common in native species and plants from more extreme  environments than in commonly grown vegetable and flower crops.
i. Physical dormancy (e.g., hard, thick seed coats): Can be broken by soaking, scarifying, exposure to soil microorganisms. Methods are species specific
ii. Chemical dormancy: Growers replicate natural processes and environmental  conditions to break internal chemical/metabolic conditions preventing seed  germination (e.g., leaching, cold/moist stratification, fire scarification, etc.)
2. Environmental factors involved in germination are typically both atmospheric and edaphic  (soil related). Biotic factors, such as pests, pathogens, weeds, and microbes can also be involved.
a) Temperature: For ungerminated seed, temperature is normally discussed in reference  to soil temperature. All seeds have minimum, maximum, and optimal soil temperature  ranges within which germination is possible (see Appendix 3, Soil Temperature  Conditions for Vegetable Seed Germination).
i. Minimum: Lowest temperature at which seeds can effectively germinate. As  compared to temperatures in the optimal range for a given species, days to  emergence will be long, percent germination will be low and rate of subsequent  growth will be slow when temperatures approach the minimum threshold for a given species.

Propagation/Greenhouse Management--
ii. Maximum: Each species has an uppermost temperature at which germination  can occur. Above this threshold, injury or dormancy are often induced. Nearing  this threshold, percent of germination often declines and days to emergence may  increase.
iii. Optimal: Every species has on optimal temperature and corollary temperature range  in which the percent germination is highest and days to emergence is the lowest.  This is the target range to strive for when managing greenhouse facilities or sowing  seeds outdoors.
iv. In addition to optimal temperatures, some species either require or benefit from daynight  temperature fluctuation. Many small-seeded species, which best germinate  near the soil surface, benefit from the temperature fluctuation that normally occurs  at the soil surface. Germination may be inhibited in species requiring temperature  fluctuation if seeds are buried too deeply, as temperatures typically remain more  constant at depth.
b) Moisture: All seeds require moisture to initiate metabolic processes and support  germination. Seeds imbibe water from the soil pores in direct contact with the seed; as  this soil dries,  oisture is replaced by capillary action from nearby soil pores, helping facilitate germination. For most seeds, field soil or propagation media should be  maintained at or above 50%–75% of field capacity during the germination phase, and  have a firm, fine texture to provide good seed-to-soil contact.
c) Aeration: Soil/media must allow for gas exchange to and from the germinating embryo i. Oxygen (02 ) dissolved into the soil media is required to facilitate embryonic respiration
ii. Carbon dioxide (CO2 ), a byproduct of respiration, must be able to dissipate and move away from the seed

 Note that good soil structure enhances gas exchange, whereby gases can move into and out of the soil via the pore spaces between soil particles. Avoiding overwatering and allowing for adequate infiltration of water and subsequent dry down between irrigations also promote gas exchange. Excessive irrigation and/or poorly drained soils can limit germination and development when oxygen is crowded out of the pore spaces by persistent moisture.

d) Light can either induce or release dormancy, depending on the species. The effect of light on sensitive species results either from light quality (wavelength) or photoperiod  (the duration of exposure.) Most cultivated crops express minimal or no sensitivity to  light during germination, in large part due to millennia of grower and breeder selection  for consistency and reliability of germination.
i. Most species germinate best under dark conditions by being slightly buried in the  soil medium, and in some cases (e.g., Phacelia, Allium, Phlox) germination may be inhibited by light. Light inhibition is particularly common in desert species, where germination in the presence of light would likely lead to desiccation and death due  to the normally dry conditions of the soil surface.
ii. Seeds of certain species (e.g., Lactuca, Begonia, Primula, Coleus) require exposure, however brief, to light to induce germination. This is particularly common amongst small-seeded species and is thought to be an evolutionary mechanism to prevent  germination when seed is buried deeply in the soil, where a germinating seed may exhaust its resources before emerging above ground to begin photosynthesizing.
iii. The effect of light on germination should not be confused with necessity of light for seedling development. All seedlings require sunlight for photosynthesis and continued development.

3. Physiological steps in germination: A three-phase process leading to the emergence of roots and above-ground growth

Seed Biology, Germination, & Development --
a) Phase 1: Imbibition. Rapid initial uptake of water by the dry seed, followed by a brief but gradual continuation of water uptake. This softens and swells the seed coat and  occurs even in seeds that are no longer viable.
b) Phase 2: Interim or lag phase. Water uptake greatly reduced; internal physiological  processes begin. From the outside, little appears to be happening, but this is a very  active physiological and metabolic period within the seed.
i. Activation of mitochondria within cells of the seed: Supporting increased cellular  respiration and energy production
ii. Protein synthesis: Translation of stored RNA to fuel continued germination
iii. Metabolism and use of stored nutrient reserves to fuel development
iv. Enzyme production and synthesis, leading to the loosening of cell walls around the  embryo and root radicle, which will ease subsequent cell enlargement, division, and  elongation
c) Phase 3: Root radical emergence. Initially, root radicle emergence results from cell  enlargement, but this is rapidly followed by cell division and elongation as the root radicle pushes into the surrounding soil media.
d) The processes internal to the seed and the below-ground emergence of the root radicle  define the process of germination. However, from a grower’s perspective, we typically discuss germination in relation to when the plumule or embryonic shoot emerges  above the soil surface. It is at this point that we’re most aware of germination and must  shift our management practices, particularly to manage for relative wet to dry swings in  the soil to prevent the presence damping off organisms and other pathogens ..

Managing Environmental Conditions—Using Greenhouses to Optimize Seedling Production).
4. Early seedling development: Processes and shifting needs
a) Continued cell division-extension of root radical and root tip from base of embryo axis,  into the soil medium. Initial root development is unbranched and taproot-like.
b) Emergence of plumule or growing point of the shoot, from upper end of the embryo axis. Initial, above-ground seedling development follows one of two patterns, either:
i. Epigeous germination: Ongoing elongation of the hypocotyl, raising the cotyledons above ground where they provide stored nutrient transfer and initial photosynthesis, until the emergence of the first set of true leaves. This normally occurs within 24 hours of above-ground emergence.
ii. Hypogeous germination: The hypocotyl does not continue to expand, and only the  epicotyl emerges above ground, soon followed by true leaves. The cotyledons deliver  nutrients for early development, but usually remain at or below the soil surface, and  photosynthesis comes exclusively from the true leaves.
c) Overall weight of seedling increases throughout developmental stages, while weight of  storage tissue decreases as stored nutrients are consumed by the growing seedling
d) Rate of respiration and volume of water uptake steadily increase with ongoing cell  division concurrent with the expansion of roots and above-ground shoots
e) As seedlings continue to develop through cell division and elongation, depending on  the root nature the species, a taproot, fibrous, or branched root system will develop, with fine root hairs developing to increase the overall surface area available for enhanced water and nutrient uptake
f) Development of true leaves, roughly concurrent with development of branched root system in most species, begins process of effective photosynthesis, helping to fuel  continued growth

Propagation/Greenhouse Management --

C. Typical Life Cycle of Seedlings Grown in the Greenhouse: Timeline for Days to Seedling Maturity
1. The duration of seedling life cycle and growth rate depend on a number of factors 
a) Photoperiod and the hours of light available to support growth. For most species longer days translate into more rapid seedling growth, shorter days mean slower growth.
b) Temperatures within, above, or below the desirable range to stimulate or constrain growth
c) Sufficient, consistent moisture to fuel growth. Too much or too little can inhibit normal development.
d) Air circulation and gas exchange both above ground and in the root zone. Both are critical to healthy seedling development and timely development, while too little circulation or exchange invariably slows growth.
e) Nutrient availability, although note that excess nutrients may make for lush, weak  growth, vulnerable to pest, diseases, moisture, and temperature stress. Limited nutrient  supply will likely mean slow growth and poor performance. Appropriate nutrient supply will fuel steady,  uninterrupted growth and reduce vulnerabilities.
f) Container type and cell size, with seedlings maturing as smaller transplants more rapidly  in smaller cells and more slowly as larger transplants in larger cells
Internal metabolic processes in motion
Emergence of root radicle
Expansion of root radicle and emergence of root hairs
Epigeous germination beginning
Epigeous germination continues, cotyledons begin to unfold, and root system expands
Emergence of true leaves and shoot tip fully visible; and branched root system expands rapidly

Qualities/Characteristics of Seedlings Ready for Transplanting--
1. Seedlings ready for transplant ideally should have:--
a) A root system and root knit sufficient to hold together soil surrounding the roots
b) At least two sets of well-developed true leaves, true to color for the species
c) Cycled through the process of “hardening off,” whereby seedlings have been exposed to outdoor conditions similar to their eventual in-ground growing environment for at least several days, including full exposure to day-night temperature fluctuations to help build  carbohydrate reserves, and full exposure to the wind and sun to strengthen cell walls  and enhance tolerance to future the extremes in growing conditions

2. Holding: Maintaining seedling quality when transplanting is delayed
a) At times, transplanting may be delayed and it may not be possible to transplant  seedlings when they are at their optimal stage of development. This could occur:--
i. When excessive rains prevent cultivating and preparing the soil
ii. When inadequate rain means it is too dry to prepare the soil without degrading soil structure and you must wait for rain or pre-irrigate
iii. In cases of succession planting, when the ground for your new seedlings is still  ccupied by a crop that has not yet matured
iv. When you are unable to prioritize new plantings due to other seasonal demands

b) There are several ways to keep your plants in good condition until you are ready to transplant:
i. Know which crops tolerate holding and delays in planting and which do not. For  those that do not hold well, prioritize their planting whenever possible:
• Cucurbits, heading brassicas, bulbing onions, and peppers, for example, typically do not respond well to holding
• Leeks, tomatoes, collards, and kale are all crops that can be held well, both  responding to holding strategies and rebounding well once transplanted
ii. Provide supplemental fertility to compensate for the nutrients that may no longer  be available in your soil mix. As seedlings use up available nutrients, growth will invariably slow—supplemental fertility can address this issue.
iii. Move seedlings into a cooler location or microclimate to slow the rate of growth
iv. Move seedlings into partial shade to reduce photosynthesis and slow growth.
Note that plants may need to be hardened off again if they are held in shade for an extended period in order to prepare them for garden and field conditions.

e) Permanent wilting point (PWP): The point at which soil moisture has been reduced to  where the plant cannot absorb it fast enough to grow or stay alive

f) Plant available water (PAW): The water content held in the soil between field capacity  and permanent wilting point that is available for uptake by plants
Plants can show some water stress and still recover—however, extreme lack of water will  cause permanent wilting  Signs of water stress include:
a) Graying leaves: A change in leaf color from a vibrant green to a dull gray-green or bluish  color
b) Loss of sheen: Plant leaves change from glossy to dull in appearance
c) Insect damage: The presence of cabbage aphids on Brassica family crops (broccoli,  cabbage, kohlrabi, etc.) often indicates dry conditions
d) Damage to the root system: Upon closer examination, plants that look dry even after  watering often have root damage, e.g., from symphylans, and can’t take up sufficient  water
e) Red or purple leaf color: Can indicate dry conditions, saturated conditions (anaerobic),  or root damage
f) Development of small spines on the leaf margins or increased spinyness on stems: This  condition is especially likely to occur in lettuce and related species such as endive that  experience water stress
g) Wilting: Pay attention to the time of the day. If plants wilt early in the cool of the day, this can be a sign that they need water. Some wilting in the mid-day heat (e.g., zucchini, winter squash) is a plant-protective strategy to reduce transpiration losses.
h) Slower than expected growth: This can be detected over time with a practiced eye
Water stress increases crops’ susceptibility to pests and pathogens
 Crops repeatedly subjected to water stress will be less resistant to both pest and pathogens

Permanent wilting point--
 Permanent wilting point is defined as the point at which soil moisture is too low for the plant to take up water against the pull of gravity. Crop plants reaching permanent wilting  point often do not grow well thereafter, are non-productive, or die.
Soils--
a) Sandy soils drain rapidly and do not hold water well
b) Silty soils drain slowly and hold water well
c) Clay soils drain very slowly and hold water tightly
d) Loam soils both drain well and hold water well
e) Agricultural soils improved with organic matter (cover crops, compost) maintain good  drainage and moisture retention properties

 “Water-loving” crops (e.g., celery) demand less fluctuation in soil moisture levels may require little or no irrigation

 Maturation period: Prior to harvest, many crops (e.g., onions and garlic) require a gradual reduction in irrigation to encourage maturation

 The specific watering needs of tree fruits are highly variable, and depend on a  combination of the tree’s age and size, rootstock, and your soil and climate. In general,  deciduous fruit trees need readily available moisture in the root zone through harvest  to promote canopy development, extension growth, fruit sizing, and fruit maturation.

This normally means letting the soil dry down to no more than 6–8” deep between  irrigations and replacing water based on local ET rates to ensure high fruit quality.

Soil moisture sensors are often used in pairs at different depths, e.g., at 6 and 12 inches deep, to provide the irrigator with information on below-ground moisture dynamics





ZERO BUDGET FARMING IS A FANCY NAME FOR ORGANIC FARMING 



ZBF is a set of farming methods that involve zero credit for agriculture and no use of chemical fertilisers.    The zero budget farming aims at pulling the farmers out of the debt trap that they found themselves in with the liberalisation of Indian economy.   This is also an attempt to make small scale farming a viable vocation.

In many states, farmers are in huge debt due to rising agriculture cost on the account of privatized seeds, farm inputs and inaccessible markets. The high-interest rates for credit or loans that the farmers take from the easiest available lender made farming unviable.

Zero budget farming model promises to cut down farming expenditure drastically and ends dependence on loans.    It also reduces dependence on purchased inputs as it encourages use of own seeds and locally available natural fertilizers.   Farming is done in sync with the nature not through chemical fertilisers and pesticides.


THERE IS A FOUL CONSPIRACY TO INUNDATE INDIAN FARMERS WITH “DROUGHT RESISTANT GMO SEEDS “..   THIS WILL ENSURE THAT INDIAN FARMERS ARE HOOKED ON TO KOSHER CHEMICAL FARMING..

THE KOSHER DEEP STATE HAS INDUCTED AN ARMY OF FAKE JOURNALISTS TO PUSH GMO DROUGHT RESISISTANT FARMING..    OUR PM MODI IS PLAYING KOSHER BALL.    AFTER ALL ROTHSCHILD HAS BRANDED HIM “CHAMPION OF EARTH”





The use of a leguminous cover crop to fix  nitrogen in the soil over the wet season for the next season’s crop is  an effective  fertility management tool. 




Nitrogen-fixing cover crops eliminate, reliance on off-farm chemical sources of fertility.

Plants that contribute to nitrogen fixation include the legume family – Fabaceae..

The Fabaceae  commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants.  It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are easily recognized by their fruit (legume) and their compound, stipulate leaves.   

Many legumes have characteristic flowers and fruits. The family is widely distributed, and is the third-largest land plant family in terms of number of species,  with about 751 genera and about 19,000 known species

Nitrogen fixation is a process by which nitrogen in the air is converted into ammonia (NH3) or related nitrogenous compounds. Atmospheric nitrogen is molecular dinitrogen , a relatively nonreactive molecule that is metabolically useless to all but a few microorganisms. Biological nitrogen fixation converts N2 into ammonia, which is metabolized by most organisms.

Nitrogen fixation is essential to life because fixed inorganic nitrogen compounds are required for the biosynthesis of all nitrogen-containing organic compounds, such as amino acids and proteins, nucleoside triphosphates and nucleic acids. As part of the nitrogen cycle, it is essential for agriculture and the manufacture of fertilizer.   


Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, are microorganisms capable of transforming atmospheric nitrogen into fixed nitrogen (inorganic compounds usable by plants).    More than 90 percent of all nitrogen fixation is effected by these organisms, which thus play an important role in the nitrogen cycle.

Nitrogen fixation is carried out naturally in the soil by a wide range of microorganisms termed diazotrophs that include bacteria such as Azotobacter, and archaea.  A diazotroph is a microorganism that is able to grow without external sources of fixed nitrogen.    Some nitrogen-fixing bacteria have symbiotic relationships with some plant groups, especially legumes. 

Looser non-symbiotic relationships between diazotrophs and plants are often referred to as associative, as seen in nitrogen fixation on rice roots. Nitrogen fixation also occurs between some termites and fungi.    It also occurs naturally in the air by means of NOx production by lightning.

All biological nitrogen fixation is effected by enzymes called nitrogenases.  Nitrogenase, is an enzyme found in some types of nitrifying microbes that allows for the reduction of nitrogen gas to ammonium.  These enzymes contain iron, often with a second metal, usually molybdenum but sometimes vanadium. 

Nitrogenase is rapidly destroyed by oxygen, in vitro and in vivo, so nitrogen-fixing organisms face the problem of protecting their nitrogenase from inactivation by oxygen. The need to protect nitrogenase becomes particularly important in the cyanobacteria, which evolve oxygen photosynthetically.

The Nitrogenase enzyme complex (the nitrogen. fixing enzyme) is sensitive to O2, that irreversible inactivates the enzyme. Diazotrophs must employ mechanisms which, on the other hand, permit the supply of O2 required for energy regeneration and protect Nase from the deleterious effect of O2.


Nitrogen can be fixed by lightning converting nitrogen and oxygen into NOx  (nitrogen oxides). NO  may react with water to make nitrous acid or nitric acid, which seeps into the soil, where it makes nitrate, which is of use to growing plants. Nitrogen in the atmosphere is highly stable and nonreactive due to there being a triple bond between atoms in the N2 molecule. 

Lightning produces enough energy and heat to break this bond allowing the nitrogen atoms to react with oxygen forming NOx. This itself cannot be used by plants, but as this molecule cools it reacts with more oxygen to form NO2.This molecule in turn reacts with water to produce HNO3 (nitric acid) which is usable by plants.






Again-- Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) occurs when atmospheric nitrogen is converted to ammonia by enzyme …  Nitrogenase is an enzyme responsible for catalyzing nitrogen fixation, which is the reduction of nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) and a process vital to sustaining life on Earth    nitrogen is needed for biomass production. 

Nitrogen fixation would not occur without a special enzyme called nitrogenase, an enzyme found in some types of nitrifying microbes that allows for the reduction of nitrogen gas to ammonium.  Nitrogenase is an enzyme responsible for catalyzing nitrogen fixation, which is the reduction of nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) and a process vital to sustaining life on Earth

Nitrogenases are rapidly degraded by oxygen. For this reason, many bacteria cease production of the enzyme in the presence of oxygen. Many nitrogen-fixing organisms exist only in anaerobic conditions, respiring to draw down oxygen levels, or binding the oxygen with a protein such as leghemoglobin.

Leghaemoglobin is an oxygen carrier and hemoprotein found in the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of leguminous plants. It is produced by legumes in response to the roots being colonized by nitrogen-fixing bacteria, termed rhizobia, as part of the symbiotic interaction between plant and bacterium: 

Roots not colonized by Rhizobium do not synthesise leghemoglobin.  Leghemoglobin has close chemical and structural similarities to hemoglobin, and, like hemoglobin, is red in colour


Cover crops are a cost-saving measure.  Synthetic fertilizer costs have steadily increased over  the last half-century, causing hardship for Indian farmers  where fertilizer  prices are already three times the world price.

Organic farmers are less vulnerable to price shifts in  fertilizer, but can equally benefit from the reduced need for compost as a result of cover cropping.   By saving seeds from their cover crops, farmers can close the loop in their cover crop management, save  on annually purchased seed, and develop strains well-adapted to local conditions.   

Fertility management systems based on cover crops insulate conventional farmers from increasingly frequent spikes in fertilizer prices and provide organic farmers with a  cheap and renewable source of fertility.


Cover crops can provide farmers with the flexibility they need by protecting topsoil from wind and  water erosion, storing a reliable supply of nutrients  In many ways planting a cover crop is similar to planting a cash crop.   Good soil preparation is critical: it provides good soil tilth and drainage and allows for accurate and uniform seed placement. 

The time and effort that go into soil preparation prior to  cover crop planting are directly related to the quality and uniformity of the cover crop stand and its  ability to outcompete weeds, establish a strong, deep  root system, and produce optimal biomass.


Factors to consider when preparing ground for cover crop planting include:--
• cropping and tillage history
• soil type
• time of year
• soil moisture content
• type and amount of residue to incorporate
• planting method (broadcast or drill)
• type and seed size of cover crop to be planted (i.e., cereal, legume, mustard)
• method of covering
• extent of soil compaction
• timing in relation to predicted rainfall events

Legume cover crops typically have a higher level of N than is  needed for the formation of soil organic matter and it is this excess  N (estimated at 50%) that becomes plant available soon after incorporation.


High-quality compost is one of the essential organic matter inputs, along with green manures, used to manage soil health in  organic farming and gardening  systems.

I have written about composting before—now I will go to greater detail.

a) Composting is a biological, chemical, and physical, highly aerobic process that transforms large, bulky, coarse materials (mostly plants and animal manures) to a homogenous, stable end product that is: uniform, brown/black in color, crumbly in texture (slightly greasy), sweet smelling, and particulate. Finished compost is a source of nutrients for plant growth and a feedstock for soil organisms.

b) The process is biological as it is achieved by organisms. The actual decomposition is  via acids and enzymes. The physical aspect involves macro organisms (mostly arthropods) and their chewing, shredding, and mixing actions.

c) Compost can be used in two ways: As a soil builder/conditioner that improves the physical properties of a soil (especially structure and bulk density), and as a fertilizer,  with both immediate and long-term effects

B. Benefits of aerobic hot composting ---
1. Advantages of aerobic hot composting process
a) Stabilizes volatile nitrogen. Composted organic matter contains nitrogen in a more stable form (nitrate) that is more usable by plants.
b) Kills most pathogens, e.g., E. coli and Salmonella, and weed seeds (if piles are above 55 deg C for 2 weeks)
c) Introduces a wider population of microbes than found in the raw ingredients
d) Reduces volume of wastes (by approximately 50%)
e) Allows for use of raw materials that shouldn’t be put directly in soil (e.g., sawdust, raw manure)
f) Degrades many contaminants since most pesticides are petroleum- (carbon)-based and thus digestible.
g) Recycles organic matter on farm and reduces off-farm inputs (nutrient cycling)
h) Improves bulk density, a measurement of a weight of a volume of soil including both  the solids and the pore space. In general, a lower bulk density number means better soil  conditions. Bulk density increases with compaction; soils with a high bulk density can  restrict root growth.

2. Benefits of compost in the soil
a) Improves soil structure and soil aggregate stability, resulting in better drainage,  aeration, air/gas exchange, erosion resistance, tilth (workablity), and the soil’s ability to  recover from compaction. Microbes in compost secrete glue-like compounds that help  bind soil particles together.



i. Microbes, particularly bacteria, have a thick, mucilaginous capsule surrounding them that helps attach them to soil particles, and in turn to encourage individual soil particles to bind together into aggregates
ii. Soil microbes live within and between the micropores in soil aggregates, thus binding them into more stable aggregates. Bacteria do this by sticky exudates, fungi by the binding action of their hyphae.
iii. Soil microbes as well as plant roots exude sugar-like polysaccharides (non-sweet sugars) and other compounds that bind individual soil particles together
iv. The thread-like hyphae of fungi secrete a gooey protein called glomalin that also aids in aggregation
v. As organic residues decompose, gels and other viscous microbial byproducts are  secreted into the soil and encourage a crumb or granular type of aggregation

b) Increases moisture retention

c) Provides a slow-release source of nutrients and increases availability of minerals. Increases Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) and percent base saturation, thus increasing  availability of Ca, Mg, and K.   Also, humic and fulvic acids in finished compost help  dissolve minerals in the soil, making phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and  other nutrients available to plants.

d) Increases the population and diversity of microbes in soil that continually make nutrients available to plants. Provides food for microbes.

e) Helps buffer soil pH by neutralizing both acid and alkaline soils and bringing the pH  levels to the optimum range for nutrient availability to plants. Compost pH is optimally 6.0–7.0.

f) Compost organisms promote disease suppression by various tactics (competitive interactions):
i. Predation: E.g., fungi predate on detrimental nematodes)
ii. Competition: Outcompete pathogens for niches and resources
iii. Suppression: Produce acids and antibiotics that suppress or kill pathogenic organisms

g) Plays key role in soil fertility management in organic systems ? A wide range of decomposers are naturally present in most soils and on organic matter. Microbial decomposers can account for 70% of total soil metabolism.

Decomposer organisms play different roles in a complex compost food web.   Microscopic organisms such as bacteria, fungi,  actinomycetes, and yeasts are mostly primary consumers of compost materials.

Macroscopic organisms such as mold mites, nematodes, springtails, centipedes, beetles,  and earthworms feed on the primary and secondary consumers.

2. Key compost organisms
a) Bacteria are primarily responsible for the first stages of decomposition in the  composting process
i. Feed on succulent plant materials such as simple sugars, plant saps, proteins and some starches. As their populations can double hourly, the initial rate of  decomposition is rapid.
ii. Use primarily enzymes, manufactured from the N-rich material in the pile, to decompose the organic matter.

b) Fungi
i. Also decompose simple sugars, plant saps, proteins, and starches, but their primary  role is to decompose the most resistant carbonaceous compounds in the pile, such as  chitin, lignin, and cellulose
ii. Improve soil structure by physically binding soil particles into aggregates
iii. Suppress disease


c) Actinomycetes
i. Filamentous bacteria, some of which grow as segmented hyphae (strands) that  resemble fungi. Actinomycetes give compost its earthy smell.
ii. Produce long, grayish, thready or cobweb-like growths that are most commonly seen toward the end of the composting process
iii. Can decompose complex carbon, including lignin, chitin and cellulose. Enzymes enable them to break down woody stems, bark, and newspapers.
iv. Responsible for some disease suppression (produce enzymatic compounds and  antibiotics)
d) Macroorganisms: Earthworm and other later compost pile immigrants
i. Though not always present in finished compost, macroorganisms feed on the pile’s earlier inhabitants
ii. Examples: Nematodes, mold mites, springtails, wolf spiders, centipedes, sow bugs, earthworms, ground beetles.


3. Compost temperature curve and bacteria
a) 10 deg C to 45 deg  :   Mesophilic (mid-temperature loving) bacteria and other organisms populate
the pile in the first 24–48 hours, multiplying quickly and causing temperatures to rise
with increased metabolism. As internal pile temperatures rise above 113˚F, mesophilic
organisms start dying out and thermophilic bacteria populations rise.

b) 45 deg  to 65 deg  C   :   Thermophilic (heat-loving) bacteria, which are present as dormant spores
at lower temperatures, multiply quickly in the heating compost pile. Temperatures can
be sustained at 130˚–150˚F for two weeks or more. Turning the pile can help sustain
high temperatures by reducing density of material and reintroducing oxygen for aerobic
bacteria.

c) 65 deg C and above:   May be too hot for thermophilic organisms to survive and biological
activity may slow as a result. Temperatures optimally should remain at  65 deg  C or below.

d) 48 deg C  and below: After the first month, a compost pile will cool to the point where
mesophilic organisms will populate the pile. Mesophilic bacteria repopulate, but fungi,
actinomycetes, yeasts, and molds dominate this stage of composting.






D. Successful composting requires creating the right environmental conditions for decomposers to function optimally. Key conditions include:
• Carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio of materials
• Moisture
• Aeration
• Surface area of compost materials
• Volume of compost pile
• Turning and troubleshooting

E. Compost Materials: Key Considerations

1. Carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio

a) The carbon-to-nitrogen ratio refers to the proportion of carbon to nitrogen by weight in any organic matter. Different types of organic matter have different carbon-to-nitrogen or C:N ratios. For example, wood, which is very high in carbon, has a C:N ratio of 500:1 while grass clippings have a C:N ratio of 17:1.

b) C:N ratio of a material can change due to many factors: Plant growth, storage, how fertilized, what an animal was fed. Numbers on a chart are approximations.

c) The optimum C:N ratio for biological activity is between 25:1 and 30:1. Compost piles should ideally start with an overall C:N ratio in this range. The C:N ratio of finished  compost will be 14:1 to 17:1. Much of the carbon in the pile is released as CO2  as  decomposers metabolize organic matter.



2. Nitrogenous materials

a) Compost materials with low C:N ratios are often called nitrogenous, sometimes “greens”
b) There is a range of nitrogenous materials as demonstrated on the C:N ratio charts
c) C:N ratio of a material can change: As a growing plant ages it develops more carbon  (e.g., young green grass growing into tall brownish-greenish stalks)
d) Storage/treatment: Use greens when fresh. If necessary, make a concentric pile of  greens; tarp to preserve N and use as soon as possible.

3. Carbon materials
a) Compost materials with high C:N ratio are called carbonaceous, sometimes “browns”
b) Carbon materials can be more or less complex as shown on C:N chart (e.g., wood chips  can have C:N ratio of 400:1, straw 70:1, brown leaves 40:1;
c) High carbon materials can be stored easily to use later (e.g., store brown leaves or straw  stubble from fall to mix with the abundance of greens in the spring)
d) Carbon materials can be bulkier and thus can provide aeration in a pile
e) High carbon materials often are dry and can be difficult to properly moisten (can be spread out and soaked or left out in rain)
 
4. Animal manures
a) Manures are considered nitrogenous, but can have a wide range of C:N ratios  depending on type of animal manure, feed source, bedding material, and age.
i. Poultry manure (approximately 6–12:1 C:N ratio) is high in nitrogen as well as phosphorus
ii. Cow manure (approximately 20:1 C:N ratio) mixed with bedding material (straw or woodchips). Bedding absorbs urine well, and half the N is in urine, half in manure.
Manure can vary widely in its overall C:N ratio due to type and quantity of bedding material (e.g., is the “ cow manure” pile mostly dry wood shavings? Think high carbon). Although not particularly high in nutrients (other than K), it is a great “tool” for building soil structure, whereas chicken manure is a more effective fertilizer.
c) In general, manures are more biologically active than plant residues due to having  passed through an animal’s digestive system
d) Raw manures can carry weed seeds, pathogens, pesticide residues, and antibiotics, so should be composted properly. If applied directly to the soil, National Organic Program regulations dictate raw (uncomposted) animal manures must be incorporated a minimum of 120 days prior to the harvest of crops “whose edible portion has direct  contact with the soil surface or soil particles, (e.g., leafy greens) or 90 days prior to the harvest of crops with no direct soil surface or soil particle contact.“

5. Balancing the carbon and nitrogen in a pile -
a) Consider approximate C:N ratio of each ingredient as a reference in deciding on quantity. Larger compost operations may test the C:N ratio of each ingredient and come up with formulas for quantities.
b) For smaller, hand-built piles, layering is a good way to estimate proportions and “homogenize” the pile. Thin layers are recommended to put the diversity of ingredients in closer proximity. The aim here is to meet all necessary criteria (C:N ratio, water  content, oxygen content, particle size) uniformly throughout the pile.

6. Other components some advocate adding to compost
a) Clay soil: Those who use the Luebke method of compost think it’s beneficial to use  10% clay soil in the pile because it reduces N losses, makes end-product more stable. Clay acts as a “colloidal trap,” retaining nitrogen where microbes can convert it from a gaseous form into a useable form. Thin, repetitive layers of clay soil work best.



b) Rock phosphate can increase usable phosphorus by making P more available to crops and help reduce volatilization of NH3
By layering rock phosphate next to animal  manures in a compost pile, the result is an increase in Pseudomonas spp. bacteria as well as nitrifying bacteria. These organisms immobilize both P and N in their bodies; when they die and decompose, those nutrients are liberated in a form available  for plants to use. Pseudomonas spp. is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the Pseudomonadaceae family. Pseudomonads are mostly aerobic

c) Inoculants (purchased biological “activators”): May be useful for dealing with some problems, e.g., high oil content plant residues, but considered unnecessary by most because compost organisms are present in manures, soils, and on plant materials. Some use aged compost as an inoculant if the composting area is new or on concrete.

d) Wood ash: Using small amounts of wood ash in compost eliminates possible negative effects of high pH of ash when added directly to soil and adds potassium

e) Rock minerals (to help speed their availability through chemical breakdown)

7. What not to compost
a) Though often discouraged, composting manure of humans or other carnivorous or omnivorous animals (dogs, cats, pigs) is possible, but you must be very careful about pathogens . Food safety and organic certification regulations may prohibit the use of these materials in compost;
a) Shredding or chopping materials, especially large, woody stalks, will speed the composting
b) The greater the surface area to volume ratio, the faster the rate of potential decomposition. Decomposers work on surfaces, so the more surface exposed, the more decomposers can work.
c) Compaction can occur if particle size is too small, and material is wet and nitrogenous (e.g., all lawn clippings), leading to loss of aeration and anaerobic conditions
d) Layering sequence and thickness can be adjusted to avoid compaction and maintain  aeration; alternate large with small particle sizes


F. Moisture
1. Moisture needs of decomposers
a) All decomposers involved in composting need water
b) Aerobic microbes, similar to marine mammals, need water around them all the time, but also need oxygen to survive. They live and move around on a film of water.

2. Moisture content in compost pile should be 50%–60% (moist as a wrung-out sponge)
a) First consider the moisture of the materials to be composted
b) Add water as pile is built, watering dry layers especially. More water should be put on layers in top half of pile, as much will trickle down (apply approximately two-thirds in top half, one-third in bottom half).
c) Excess moisture will cause compaction, loss of air (you shouldn’t be able to squeeze water out of compost)
d) Insufficient moisture will cause a pile to decompose slowly
e) If you’re going to turn a pile frequently, you can add more water as you turn
f) Turn pile, troubleshoot—add water if too dry, aerate and add dry material if too wet
g) Seasonal moisture considerations: Tarp piles in winter to keep rain off; use compost covers, tarps or straw cap to conserve moisture in summer


G. Aeration
1. Aerobic bacteria, which make hot composting happen, require oxygen and respire carbon ioxide (CO2 )

2. Anaerobic bacteria populate portions of the pile where the oxygen content is low. They create methane gas and sulfur compounds (the rotten eggs smell) and can be harmful to soil life (commercial compost made in anaerobic digesters are often finished aerobically in windrows).

3. Oxygen is often the limiting factor when compost temperature goes down after first weeks

4. CO2 can be monitored with special equipment—at 10–12% CO2 , need to turn the pile if possible

5. Turning the pile reintroduces oxygen, stimulating new growth of aerobic bacteria and further breaking down material, making it easier for microbes to decompose them. You can also break up anaerobic pockets within the pile as you turn it.

H. Volume and Temperature
1. Minimum pile size recommended is 5 feet x 5 feet x 5 feet to achieve the benefits of the hot composting process (although any almost any size can work, smaller piles will not heat up and will take longer to decompose)
2. At this volume the pile is self-insulating and can reach 60 deg C for 2 weeks
3. 55˚– 63˚ C = optimal temperature range. Turn if reaches 65 deg C
4. Maximum height and width should be 6 feet so as not to limit aeration or increase compaction of pile; air does not move more than 3–4 feet into a static pile


5. Compost fabric, straw cap, or soil cap can help retain some heat
I. Maturation and Turning
1. Most windrow piles take about 6 months minimum (spring into fall) to mature if not turned; longer in winter depending on climate. Note that US National Organic Program (NOP) standards requires that windrows be turned five times, and remain at a temperature  between  55˚– 76˚ C for 15 days, for use on certified organic farms.   Changes to these standards may occur.

2. Advantages of turning include:
a) Speeds composting process by aerating the pile
b) Achieves more thorough composting by moving outer materials to pile center
c) Allows for troubleshooting and adjustments to pile (great learning opportunity)
d) Additional mixing of ingredients
e) Physical (mechanical) breakdown of particle size of materials

3. Disadvantages of turning include:
a) Time, energy, expense
b) Loss of nitrogen as pile is turned
c) Additional space needed unless turning out and back
4. Turn at least once (more speeds process but is labor intensive by hand)
a) If you turn compost only once, ideally do so at 3 weeks or when temperature curve has clearly started back down. After turning at this stage, temperature curve will go up again. At this point oxygen is the limiting factor—turning reintroduces oxygen for aerobic organisms to continue using as they digest the still relatively fresh materials.
b) If you turn the pile twice, ideally turn at about 3 weeks and 6 weeks, again referring to heat curve for information

J. Assessing Compost Maturity and Stability
1. Parent material should be largely indistinguishable, texture should be crumbly
2. Temperature has cooled down to ambient temperature
3. Signs of macro life (e.g., redworms, sowbugs, springtails), though may not be present in large-scale operations
4. Dark brown to blackish-brown color
5. Earthy smell (no ammonia or anaerobic odor)
6. Feels “greasy” or slick when squeezed between fingers
7. Maturity vs. stability: A set of 7 quantitative indicators are used to define the maturity and stability of compost –
• pH: 6.5 to 8.0
• Sulfides: zero to only trace
• Ammonia = <0 .05="" o:p="" ppm="">
• Ammonium: 0.2 to 3.0 ppm
• Nitrites: <1 .0="" o:p="" ppm="">
• Nitrates: <300 o:p="" ppm="">
• CO2 : <1 o:p="">

K. Applying Compost--
1. Timing
a) Spring, prior to planting
b) Mid season, as “side dress”: Placed around established plantings and worked into the top 1–4 inches of soil
c) Fall, with a planting of cover crops

2. Application rates
a) Application rates vary with intensiveness of cropping system and use of cover crops
b) Field scale: ~4–10 tons/acre on an annual basis
c) Garden scale: ~ 0.5–2 lbs/square foot (this = 10–20 tons/acre annually). 1–2 lbs/square foot for soil development, 0.5–1 lb/square foot for maintenance.

3. Placement
a) Field-scale: Incorporate into top 8–12 inches of soil
i. Side dress: In the root zone of the crop
b) Garden-scale
i. Initial stages of soil development: Incorporate into top12–24 inches of soil
ii. Soil fertility maintenance: Incorporate into top 4–8 inches via side forking 




Advantages of making compost on site
a) Quality control: Can monitor and maintain control, ensure quality end product
b) Effective use of culls, other on-farm waste materials that would otherwise have to be disposed of
c) Compost available when needed; commercial supplies not always available
d) Potential cost savings in making compost on site vs. buying from commercial source
e) Key part of soil health and fertility program; high quality compost helps ensure healthy soil

 Recommendations if “buying in” compost from commercial producers
a) Monitor quality; ask for records of inputs and nutrient analysis
b) Visit the composting operation to inspect materials, practices used
c) If certified organic, make sure product is approved by the Organic Materials Review Institute – (OMRI, www.omri.org  .   In US )
d) Ensure adequate space available for deliveries

 Building the Pile
2. Establish the pile base
a) Mark off area for base size (5 feet x 5 feet or longer)
b) Loosen soil in area with a spading fork to enhance aeration and migration of organisms
c) Make first layer with manure or greens (enhance migration of soil organisms to higher N food source)
d) Pile will be most compacted and thus least aerated at bottom. Bulky materials in base can aid in aeration but may make pile harder to turn.

 Building layers
 As each layer is made:
a) Review key considerations for each material to make appropriate thickness (relative C:N, particle size, moisture, aeration)
b) Make layer uniformly thick
c) Scratch (mix) each layer slightly into the next using spading fork or manure fork
d) Keep pile square by pulling/adding material to corners and edges and tamping walls with fork
e) Use hose sprayer to add water to layers that need it, paying attention to the corners and edges. Some materials (straw, dry manure) should be scratched with forks as watered to allow more even distribution of water.
4. Review key considerations as pile progresses
a) Build a several-layer sequence and review key considerations as you go
b) Assess new considerations as the pile progresses or as materials change (e.g., the weed pile first had fresh green weeds on the top, but now it’s just older, brownish weeds)
c) Assess the pile shape and size as you progress


Finishing a pile
a) 5 feet high = maximum for access/ease of building and for aeration
b) Finish with a carbon layer (if pile is not to be finished that day, end with carbon)
c) Use a tarp or compost cloth as protection from rain and from drying. Compost cloth “breathes”; tarps can limit aeration so some just use for rain.
d) Label pile with date, materials used, other information

Monitoring and Recording the Composting Process
1. Monitor temperature with compost thermometer
a) Take temperature daily for first month and after turning; then weekly
b) Temperature should be taken at several points in the pile and averaged
c) Thermometer should be inserted 18 inches to 2 feet into pile
d) Hold thermometer by probe while inserting and removing
2. Record temperature and observations on record-keeping sheet (see Appendix 5)
a) Track pile through decomposition process, creating heat curve graph as you go
b) Use heat curve graph to assess pile performance, indicate when to turn

Turning a Pile
1. Review the pros and cons of turning
2. Turn at least once (more often speeds process but is labor intensive by hand)
a) If only turning once, ideally do so at 3 weeks or when temperature curve has clearly started back down. At this point oxygen is the limiting factor—turning reintroduces oxygen for aerobic organisms to continue using as they digest the still relatively fresh materials.
b) If turning twice, ideally turn at about 3 weeks and 6 weeks, again referring to heat curve for information (e.g., dip in temperature)
3. Turn outside materials to inside and inside to outside
a) Pull outside materials off pile (outer foot of material will be drier, less decomposed). Set aside.
b) Water outer layer of materials
c) Spread a base layer of inner materials in space next to original pile
d) Mix outer materials into center of new pile as you rebuild with inner materials (don’t try to recreate original layers)

4. Troubleshoot any problems as you turn the pile
a) Break up dry pockets or compacted clumps
b) Water if too dry
c) Leave overly-wet materials spread out to dry.
d) Add nitrogenous materials if pile has not heated up and moisture is fine
e) Low heat piles will still compost with time if you can’t “fix” problem(s)
f) “Failed” piles can be used as material for a new pile

E. Assessing piles and documenting observations
1. Examine piles at different stages of decomposition for:
a) Heat, temperature curve
b) Odor
c) Moisture
d) Recognizable parent materials
e) Different materials or techniques used
f) Examples of good, finished compost

2. Look for trouble signs
a) Too wet (can squeeze water out)
b) Too dry (usually doesn’t heat up properly, may have dry pockets)
c) Anaerobic conditions (smells like sulfur, usually wet and compacted)
d) Didn’t heat up (could be lack of moisture, improper C:N ratio)

3. Recommendations for achieving desired rate of decomposition--
a) Heat, temperature curve examples (record book)
b) Odor, color, texture
c) Moisture
d) Recognizable parent materials
e) Different materials or techniques used
f) Show examples in continuum from coarse to finished
g) Examples of good, finished compost

1) Benefits of aerobic, high temperature composting.
• Stabilizes volatile nitrogen. Composted organic matter contains nitrogen in a more stable form that is more usable by plants.
• Kills most pathogens and weed seeds (if piles are above 55˚ C for 15 days)
• Introduces a wider population of microbes than found in the raw ingredients
• Reduces volume of wastes (by approximately 50%)
• Allows for use of raw materials that  shouldn’t be put directly in soil (e.g., sawdust, raw manure)
• Degrades contaminants since most pesticides are petroleum- (carbon-) based and thus igestible. Organic matter also has a high capacity to bind heavy metals.
• Guarantees that most of the end product will be humus and slowly-decomposing material that will become humus in the soil
• Recycles organic matter on the farm and reduces off-farm inputs


Improvements to soil quality that would result from regular incorporation of compost into the soil.--

• Improves soil structure and soil aggregate stability resulting in better drainage, aeration/ gas exchange, erosion resistance, workability (tilth). Microbes secrete glue-like compounds that help bind soil particles together.
• Increases moisture retention( 10 kg of humus can hold 19.5 kg. of water)
• Slow release of nutrients and increased availability of others. Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) is increased thus increasing  availability of Ca, Mg, and K. (Also humic  acids help dissolve minerals in the soil,  making more minerals available to plants.)
• Increases the population and diversity of  microbes in soil that continually make  nutrients available to plants. Provides food for microbes.
• Helps buffer soil pH (compost pH is  optimally 6.5–8)
• Promotes disease suppression (different  microbes suppress Fusarium, Pythium,  Phytopthora, Rhizoctonia)
• Plays key role in soil fertility management  in organic systems. Along with soil organic  matter and cover crops, compost is a major  source of plant available N, P, and K.

Recapitulation:--

Key decomposer organisms and  their role at the various composting  stages/temperatures.---
• Bacteria: Aerobic bacteria are the  primary decomposers in the first stages of  decomposition, feeding first on the most readily-available food sources like plant  sugars. Their role is to do most of the  primary consumption of simple carbon compounds, resulting in the liberation of heat  and the warming of the compost pile and  creating the environmental conditions for the  subsequent colonization of microorganisms(below).
• Fungi: Fungi decompose complex carbon  compounds like chitin and cellulose
• Actinomycetes: Actinomycetes decompose  complex carbon, like chitin and cellulose
• Macroorganisms: Earthworms and other later immigrants such as nematodes, mold mites, springtails, wolf spiders, centipedes, sow bugs, earthworms, ground beetles  continue to break down organic matter after the pile has cooled

4) What temperature range is considered best for composting and why? What is too hot?--
• Between 55°– 65° C for a minimum of  15–21 days. This should kill potential pathogenic organisms and weed seeds  and prevent the volatilization of nitrogen  containing compounds (e.g., ammonia) at  higher temperatures.
• Maximum temperatures of the compost pile  should not exceed  65° C
5) List the key conditions necessary for aerobic,  high temperature composting.
• Proper carbon to nitrogen ratio of materials: 25:1–40:1
• Moisture: 50%–60% by weight or “moist as  a wrung-out sponge”
• Aeration: Periodic re-aeration through  turning
• Surface area of compost materials: Small  particle size will result in more rapid  decomposition
• Volume of compost pile: A minimum of 5x  5x 5 is recommended
• Turning and troubleshooting: Compost piles  should be turned when temperatures exceed 65° C and when the temperature of the  pile has began to decline.  U National organic  standards require 5 turnings within a 15-  day period with a sustained temperature of  55°– 77° C.

The ideal C:N range for composting --
• C:N ratio affects the rate of decomposition.  A low C:N ratio (below 25:1) may result  in too rapid decomposition and the loss of  nitrogen in the form of ammonia. A C:N  ratio that is too high may result in a too long  a decomposition process and a low quality  end product.
• Ideal C:N ratio range is 25:1–40:1

Factors which  influence the C:N ratio of a material--
• C:N ratio of a material can change due to  many factors: plant growth, storage, how  fertilized, and what an animal was fed
What may happen when a pile is too wet or too dry?
• If a compost pile is too wet it may not heat  up, turn anaerobic, forming compounds that  may be offensive smelling and detrimental  to plant growth if not aerated prior to  application
• If a compost pile is too dry it may not  heat up or not sustain heat long enough to  degrade the organic materials into a finished  and useable product. Will often require  reassembling the materials and moistening.
9) Why is aeration important in a pile?
• To assure adequate amounts of oxygen for  aerobic decomposition

What are some advantages and  disadvantages to turning a compost pile---
When and how often should piles be turned?
• Compost piles should be turned when  temperatures exceed 65°  or when the temperature of the pile has peaked,  plateaued, and begun to decline.   US National organic standards require 5 turnings within a  15-day period with a sustained temperature  of 131°–170°F. The greater the number of turnings, the faster the material will break  down.

Qualitative indicators of compost maturity.---
• “Parent material” should be largely indistinguishable
• Texture should be crumbly
• Very small particle size
• Temperature has cooled down to ambient  temperature
• Signs of macro life (e.g., redworms, sowbugs,  springtails)
• Dark brown to blackish-brown in color
• Earthy smell (no ammonium or anaerobic  odor)
• Feels “greasy” or slick when squeezed  between fingers

What are some quantitative ways of assessing  compost maturity and stability?—

• Compost maturity and stability may also  be determined through measurements of  carbon dioxide and ammonium levels.
This is commonly done in large-scale and commercial composting operations.
Compost, the process and the product, is an example of harnessing biology to assist in promoting healthy soil that in turn grows quality crops. Composting is about the decomposition and transformation of heterogeneous organic wastes (anything that was once alive) into a homogeneous, stable end product—organic matter/humus, that is, compost. Quality  compost is a uniform product black in color, crumbly in texture, sweet smelling, slightly  greasy to the touch, and a powerful reservoir of plant nutrients that are released slowly over  time via further biological activity.

Benefits---
Among the attributes of compost are –
• Immobilizes nutrients in the bodies of  microorganisms. This keeps nutrients,  especially nitrogen, from leaching out of the  pile. When the finished compost is applied to  the soil, nutrients are released slowly and in  forms available to plants.
• Increases soil organic matter and cation  exchange capacity.
• Provides a feedstock of nutrients as well as the “habitat” for beneficial soil microbes.
• Kills (some, not all) plant pathogens and weed seeds during the composting process.
• Inoculates the soil with beneficial microbes  (bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, etc.).
• Improves soil structure by promoting soil  aggregation (binding soil particles together),  which in turns promotes aeration, moisture  retention, permeability, and consistency, thus improving the “workability” of a soil.
• Usually panacea-like in solving whatever  problem your soil has., you could refer to a compost pile as a “microbial layer cake.” The decomposition is carried out by succeeding waves  (populations) of micro- and macro-organisms.
Composting is a form of animal husbandry or “microbe farming.”
As with any successful husbandry effort, habitat, diet, and water are the key building blocks of  a successful compost pile. A compost pile is simply “pasture” for microbes. Via its ingredients, the pile provides a feedstock for the initial microbial populations and eventually the “finishers” or “shredders  and chewers,” macro-organisms such as earthworms, mites, sow bugs, centipedes, millipedes, etc.
Microbial populations tend to be ubiquitous, thus there is no need for inoculants, as small populations  exist on much of the substrate used in composting.
The composting process has three distinct phases:
1: Mesophilic (50º–113ºF) – Moderate temperatures, usually lasting under a week
2: Thermophilic* (113º–150ºF) – High temperatures, usually lasting 3–4 weeks
3: Curing – Ambient temperatures, lasting >3 months *small piles, made incrementally, will not get very hot
During the first phase, waves of bacteria and fungi multiply rapidly and feed on the succulent plants in the pile. When the pile is properly constructed,  the first 24–48 hours feature an explosive, literally  exponential growth of these organisms (bacteria  can double their populations every 20–60 minutes). 
Often, there is no recognizable plant material in the pile after even a few days thanks to the chemical decomposition taking place. Remember, bacteria  and fungi do not have mouthparts, and thus do not chew; rather, they secrete enzymes and acids that break down plant materials, and absorb the sugars and simple proteins for nutrition.
The next phase of decomposition features thermophilic, or heat-loving, organisms—still some bacteria, but increasingly, fungi. Fungi decompose  (again, chemically) more complex carbon compounds such as chitin, cellulose, and lignin.
As the pile cools and begins its curing process, a third microbial population comes to the fore—a type of actinobacteria often referred to as actinomycetes. These have the simple cell structure of bacteria, but grow multicellular, hyphae-like filaments resembling fungi. Their enzymatic role is to degrade  tough, resistant-to-rot woody stems and bark. Their gray-white filaments look “cobwebby” and have a pleasant, earthy smell. They can rot a redwood stake in the ground in 9–15 months.
When a pile has cooled and cured for 1–3 months, macroorganisms move in to finish the job.
These organisms—mites, springtails, centipedes, millipedes, sowbugs, ants, nematodes, earthworms, etc.—are physical (as compared to chemical) decomposers. They use their mouthparts to chew, shred, and further break apart resistant materials, as well  as feed on dead bacteria and fungi. In doing so, they  also create a softer, more “open” substrate that can be re-colonized by bacteria and fungi, which break the materials down further.

What are the criteria for successful husbandry of a compost pile?--
1. Pile Size and Dimensions
Conventional wisdom now states a minimum size  of 5’ x 5’ x 5’ is required for successful composting. But those working in small spaces shouldn’t  despair— ideal dimensions are about (maximum)  volume to (minimum) surface area ratios. That is, a  big pile has more internal mass and thus a more hospitable decomposition environment for the microbes  involved. The bigger pile also features less surface  area, as the ambient environment largely degrades  the pile’s surface.
Some tips on pile dimensions:
• Oxygen does not move passively more than 3–4’ into a pile, so width should not exceed  6–8’.
• It is impractical (i.e., too much heavy lifting) to uild a pile more than 4’–5’ in height.
• Length is simply a function of the volume of material on hand.
• A cube-shaped pile is better than a pyramid or  tapered haystack

Particle Size of Ingredients--
The principle is the smaller the particle size (via  chopping and shredding) the greater the surface  area, the more the microbes can “occupy space” and  thus the faster the rate of decomposition. Chopping plant material also breaks apart the rigid, often  waxy outer cuticle of plants, making the succulent  “innards” more accessible to the enzymatic and  acidic secretions of bacteria and fungi, thus speeding  and contributing to more thorough decomposition.

Aeration-
As oxygen fuels the metabolism of the decomposers in a pile, the pile construction should feature adequate pore/air space. This is readily achieved by layering together an admixture of course materials  and fine-chopped materials.
Once the process is underway (1–3 weeks) a pile will settle, losing 30–50% of its volume as the materials are physically broken down. At that juncture there is usually a sharp drop in temperature. As the pile settles, reducing pore/air space, and as microbial populations exhaust the oxygen supply, oxygen becomes a limiting factor. This is an opportune time  to turn and re-aerate a pile. There is often a spike in  temperature associated with turning: as oxygen is resupplied, microbial populations boom—the heat  generated is a byproduct of their metabolism as they continue to break down materials in the pile.

Moisture--
Compost pile ingredients should be about 40–60% moisture by weight. This equates to the consistency of a wrung-out sponge. It is best to apply  water (sprinkle-spray, not drench) incrementally to  each layer as you construct a pile. 

The moisture is for  the microbes, but it also softens the pile ingredients.  A note: as water will trickle down from top to bottom, apply less water to the lower layers of the pile.

Also, as plants are merely supported columns of water (60–90% by weight), more water will be released  into the pile as decomposition progresses. Thus, be conservative with the initial water application.


Carbon to Nitrogen Ration (C:N)--

The ideal C:N ratio at the outset is suggested as  30–40:1. This means the pile has 30–40 times more  carbon-rich than nitrogen-rich material by weight.

While all materials contain some carbon, carbonaceous materials (think “browns”: straw, leaves,  wood chips, etc.) contain primarily carbon, and similarly, nitrogenous materials (think “greens”: fresh, lush plant material and animal manures)

Supplement 1: Making Quality Compost on a Garden Scale  feature a high nitrogen content relative to carbon.

What is important vis a vis C:N ratio is that this is the ideal proportion to fuel the  diet of the pile’s microbial decomposers. In  essence, they use carbon to nitrogen in a 30–40:1 ratio.

Microbes use the carbon-rich ingredients  as building blocks for cellulose and, as  we do, for carbohydrates that fuel their  work. They use the nitrogen to build  proteins, amino acids, and enzymes that  are necessary for cell growth, function, and reproduction. 

Enzymes are also  key to the decomposition process; they act as biological catalysts, accelerating biochemical reactions and hastening  the breakdown of organic matter. It is interesting to note that the enzymes  produced by bacteria and fungi persist and function long after the producing organisms have died. In fact these same enzymes contribute to the breakdown of the  “microbial corpses” that produced them.

You can achieve the desired 30–40:1 C:N ration by combining comparative volumes of carbon-rich (brown) and nitrogenrich (green) ingredients in layers. 

A wide range of comparative volumes will work, from 50% carbon-based materials combined with 50% nitrogen-based materials, to as much as 80% nitrogen-based materials and 20% carbon-based materials. The pile higher in  nitrogen will heat up more quickly, get hotter  ( 55 to 65 º C), stay hot longer, break down faster, and ill more weed seeds and plant pathogens.

In creating the “microbial layer cake,” thin,  repeated layers work best.  Your finished compost can be used both to fertilize  plants and to improve soil structure. 




Compost and soil organisms metabolize carbonaceous materials to get carbon for building essential organic compounds and to obtain  energy. However, no organism can grow, function and reproduce on carbon alone. They also need a sufficient amount of nitrogen to make  nitrogen-containing cellular compounds such as—

Soil microbes need to incorporate into their cells (on average) about 10  parts of carbon for every 1 part of nitrogen. Because only about 1/3 of  the carbon ingested is actually incorporated into cells (the remaining  2/3 is respired and lost as CO2 ), microbes need 30 parts carbon to  part nitrogen in their “feedstock,” or a 30:1 C:N ratio.  

A compost pile made with ingredients at a 30:1 C:N ratio  provides microbes with a balanced diet that in turn enables them to  thrive and reproduce and to decompose and digest the coarse material of a compost pile efficiently at the outset, and transform it into the fine, granular, soil-like product we call finished compost.

Grass clippings and other green vegetation tend to have a higher proportion of nitrogen (and therefore a lower C/N ratio) than brown vegetation such as dried leaves or wood chips. If your compost mix is too low in nitrogen, it will not heat up. If the nitrogen proportion is too high, the compost may become too hot, killing the compost microorganisms, or it may go anaerobic, resulting in a foul-smelling mess. 

The usual recommended range for C/N ratios at the start of the composting process is about 30/1, but this ideal may vary depending on the bioavailability of the carbon and nitrogen. As carbon gets converted to CO2 (and assuming minimal nitrogen losses) the C/N ratio decreases during the composting process, with the ratio of finished compost typically close to 10/1.


Amino acids and enzymes, are used to decompose organic  matter—especially  carbonaceous materials

The thermophyllic (high temperature) stage is critical to the production of a safe, high-quality product.  A properly built pile should heat to  55º– 65º C for  a minimum of 15 days, which requires turning the  pile to reheat it by reintroducing air and water when  it cools (note that National Organic Program regulations require the pile to be turned at least 5 times in  a 15-day period). 

Turning reduces the temperature  from above  65º C.   In addition, if the temperature  gets too high, clay soil can be added as a buffer.  When finished, temperature in the pile drops to 80ºF, CO2  level decreases, and pH drops below 8.

Why is compost pH worth measuring? Primarily because you can use it to follow the process of decomposition. Compost microorganisms operate best under neutral to acidic conditions, with pH's in the range of 5.5 to 8. During the initial stages of decomposition, organic acids are formed. The acidic conditions are favorable for growth of fungi and breakdown of lignin and cellulose. As composting proceeds, the organic acids become neutralized, and mature compost generally has a pH between 6 and 8.

To start with the pH of compost depends very much on the materials you put into the compost. If you use wood products like saw dust they will make the finished compost more acidic. If you use more manure or add in some ashes from the fireplace it will be more alkaline. So the pH of any particular compost depends on the material being composted.

As the compost is being made it goes through pH swings. In the initial stages, organic acids are formed and these make the compost pile more acidic—the pH drops. In these acidic conditions fungi grow better than bacteria and they take over the pile and start to decompose the lignin and cellulose in plants. 

As this process continues the pH rises and bacteria become more populous. What this means is that the pH of your finished compost also depends on when you consider it to be finished. If you rush things, it might still be more acidic. If you wait longer, it will be more alkaline.

If anaerobic conditions develop during composting, organic acids may accumulate rather than break down. Aerating or mixing the system should reduce this acidity. Adding lime (calcium carbonate) generally is not recommended because it causes ammonium nitrogen to be lost to the atmosphere as ammonia gas. Not only does this cause odors, it also depletes nitrogen that is better kept in the compost for future use by plants.

At any point during composting, you can measure the pH of the mixture. In doing this, keep in mind that your compost is unlikely to be homogeneous. You may have found that the temperature varied from location to location within your compost, and the pH is likely to vary as well. You therefore should plan to take samples from a variety of spots. 

You can mix these together and do a combined pH test, or test each of the samples individually. In either case, make sure to make several replicate tests and to report all of your answers. (Since pH is measured on a logarithmic scale, it doesn't make sense mathematically to take a simple average of your replicates.)

pH can be measured using any of the following methods. Whichever method you choose, make sure to measure the pH as soon as possible after sampling so that continuing chemical changes will not affect your results:

Soil Test Kit

Test kits for analysis of soil pH can be used without modification for compost samples. Simply follow the manufacturer's instructions.

pH Paper

If your compost is moist but not muddy, you can insert a pH indicator strip into the compost, let it sit for a few minutes to soak up water, then read the pH using color comparison.

Compost Extractions

Using a calibrated meter or pH paper, you can measure pH in a compost extract made by mixing compost with distilled water. It is important to be consistent in the ratio of compost to water and to account for the initial moisture content of the compost, but there is no universally accepted protocol specifying these procedures.

One approach is to read the pH in oven-dried samples that have been reconstituted with distilled water.

Spread compost in a thin layer in a pan, and dry for 24 hours in a 105-110°C oven.
Weigh or measure 5 g samples of oved-dried compost into small containers.
Add 25 ml distilled water to each sample.
Mix thoroughly for 5 seconds then let stand for 10 minutes.
Read the pH with a calibrated meter or with pH paper and record as compost pH in water, or pHw.


Acidic heaps are most common if aeration fails, maintaining good aeration will neutralise pH levels as more air/oxygen is fed into the waste.

Alkaline heaps are most common when fire ash is added or excess nitrogen/ammonium is present.



Viruses  straddle the line between biotic and abiotic. Viruses replicate and evolve at an extraordinary rate but they cannot make their own proteins, have no nutritional requirements, and most are composed of only nucleic acids and protein.   

Viruses are remnants of the earliest forms of  “life.” Viruses may lead to evolutionary changes in their hosts through transfer of genetic  materials. Viruses hop in and out of different hosts and may occasionally bring along bits of  host DNA with them and transfer it to a new host; they are the original genetic engineers.  

Bacteria and fungi do not ingest their host, but use absorptive nutrition (enzymatic  degradation outside the pathogen). Nematodes use alimentary nutrition (enzymatic- and  bacterial-mediated degradation inside the pathogen). Viruses are obligate intracellular  molecular parasites: They do not acquire nutrition from their host, rather they use the  host’s molecular machinery to make new viruses.



WHEN YOU DO CROP STUBBLE BURNING ,  WEEDS AND WEED SEEDS ARE ELIMINATED ALONG WITH PESTS , IN ADDITION TO CREATING PRICELESS BIOCHAR .. 

THIS IS THE CHEAPEST AND MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD..  THERE ARE MANY VARIETIES RESISTANT TO HERBICIDES AND PESTICIDE.    IF DELHI GETS SMOG, SHIFT THE CAPITAL ..

WHEN YOU FLOOD RICE FIELDS WEEDS ARE ELIMINATED ALONG WITH PESTS.    

BURNING CROP RESIDUES CAN REDUCE THE SURFACE SEED BANKS OF MANY WEEDS. ALL CROP RESIDUES  CAN PRODUCE A SUFFICIENTLY HEATED BURN TO KILL WEED SEEDS. A NARROW WINDROW WILL BURN AT A HIGHER TEMPERATURE AND IMPROVE WEED SEED KILL..

BURNING RESIDUES MAKES IT EASIER TO SOW THE SUBSEQUENT CROP, IMPROVES DISEASE AND PEST MANAGEMENT AND ELIMINATES SHORT-TERM NITROGEN TIE-UP.



BIOCHAR IS HIGHLY POROUS AT THE MICROSCOPIC LEVEL DUE TO ITS BEING MADE AT RELATIVELY LOWER TEMPERATURES AND HAS THE UNIQUE ABILITY TO READILY ABSORB MOISTURE AND CERTAIN NUTRIENTS.

FROM A SOIL PERSPECTIVE, BIOCHAR CAN BE THOUGHT OF AS A MICROBIAL CONDOMINIUM. AFTER IT IS INITIALLY MADE, BIOCHAR UNDERGOES A MATURATION PERIOD DURING WHICH IT ABSORBS NITROGEN (UNTIL SATURATION POINT) FROM THE ENVIRONMENT, USUALLY FROM COW URINE, COMPOSTING ETC

AFTER THIS PERIOD, THE BIOCHAR BECOMES A STABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR BACTERIA AND FUNGI TO TAKE UP RESIDENCE. 

IN POOR AND LEACHED SOILS, MICROBIAL ACTIVITY IS OFTEN VERY LOW, ESPECIALLY DURING THE DRY SEASON; THE ADDITION OF BIOCHAR TO THESE SOILS MEANS THAT THE SOIL MICROBES NOW HAVE A STABLE AND MOIST PLACE TO RESIDE AND PROSPER, EVEN DURING THE DRY SEASON. 

AS A RESULT, THE NEED FOR ADDITIONAL FERTILIZER SHOULD DECREASE OVER TIME, AS THESE NOW-RESIDENT MICROBES ARE ABLE TO BREAK DOWN ORGANIC MATTER IN THE SOIL, AND EVEN BECOME FOOD THEMSELVES FOR LARGER SOIL ORGANISMS, SUCH AS EARTHWORMS. 

FURTHERMORE, NUTRIENTS STORED IN THE PORES ARE SLOW-RELEASED THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AS MORE AND MORE MICROORGANISMS TAKE UP RESIDENCE.

BALLS TO CLIMATE CHANGE DUE TO INDIA BURNING CROP STUBBLE.. USA MUST STOP DROPPING “GOOD” BOMBS

BIOCHAR IS ONE OF THE LEADING MEANS FOR TAKING CO2 OUT OF THE ATMOSPHERE AND BINDING IT UP INTO SOILS AS A STABLE FORM OF CARBON. BIOCHAR WILL REMAIN IN THE SOIL FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS.

35% OF THE CARBON IN PLANT BIOMASS CAN BE PERMANENTLY CAPTURED AS BIOCHAR DURING THE PYROLYSIS PROCESS, PUTTING IT WAY AHEAD OF MANY OTHER LEADING TECHNOLOGIES THAT ARE AIMED SOLELY AT CARBON CAPTURE

FIELD TRIALS INVOLVING BIOCHAR HAVE SHOWN CROP YIELDS TO INCREASE SIGNIFICANTLY..

THE PH OF ACIDIC SOIL CAN BE INCREASED / OPTIMIZED THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF BIOCHAR.

THE MICRO-POROUS STRUCTURE PROVIDES A HABITAT FOR THE PROLIFERATION OF BENEFICIAL SOIL BIOTA.

THE MICRO-POROUS STRUCTURE OF BIOCHAR BENEFITS WATER RETENTION IN THE SOIL.

THE SURFACE AREA OF BIOCHAR HAS BEEN DEMONSTRATED TO BE ANYWHERE FROM 10 TO 300 M2/G (ACTIVATED CHARCOAL HAS A SURFACE AREA OF UP TO 2,000 M2/G!), MOST OF WHICH IS FOUND INTERNALLY AND PROVIDES AMPLE AREA FOR MICROBIAL HABITAT.

THE LARGE SURFACE AREA OF BIOCHAR CAN ATTRACT AND HOLD ALL MINERAL IONS - NOT ONLY CATIONS (+) SUCH AS AMMONIUM, CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM AND POTASSIUM, BUT ALSO ANIONS (-) SUCH AS NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, SULFUR, AND BORON. 

BY ATTRACTING AND HOLDING BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE NUTRIENT IONS IN THE SOIL, BIOCHAR CAN REDUCE BOTH LEACHING (INTO GROUNDWATER) AND OUT-GASSING (INTO THE ATMOSPHERE). THESE LOOSELY-HELD NUTRIENTS ARE BIO-AVAILABLE TO MICROBES AND PLANT ROOTS IN THE COMPLEX ROOT ZONE.

BIOCHAR CAN IMPROVE SOIL TEXTURE AND WORKABILITY, PARTICULARLY HEAVY CLAY SOILS, ALTHOUGH IT HAS SHOWN GREAT PROMISE IN ALL SOIL TYPES.

PLANTS GROWN IN BIOCHAR AS A GROWTH MEDIUM (AT CONCENTRATIONS AS LOW AS 1 TO 5% OF THE TOTAL SOIL MIXTURE) TEND TO HAVE A HIGHER RESISTANCE TO PESTS AND DISEASES

BIOCHAR'S NATURAL AFFINITY FOR NITROGEN ALLOWS IT TO ARREST THE FLOW OF THE NITROGEN CYCLE. IT TENDS TO ONLY RELEASE AS MUCH NITROGEN INTO THE SURROUNDING SOIL AS IS NEEDED BY MICROBES AND PLANTS TO MAINTAIN HEALTHY GROWTH

COVERING FIELDS WITH EXTRACTED CROP STUBBLE ( A POOR ALTERNTIVE )  AS A MULCH MUCH GIVES A HOME TO PESTS, SCORPIONS, RATS AND SNAKES .. THE SOIL GETS DEGRADED ..




























ATTENTION MR NARENDRA DAMODARDAs MODI---

WE THE PEOPLE OF INDIA ARE PUTTING YOU ON NOTICE..

YOU HAVE STUDIOUSLY IGNORED DOZENS OF WARNINGS FROM CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL OVER INDIAs IMPENDING GROUND WATER CRISIS EVERY YEAR , OVER THE PAST 5 YEARS ..

NOW, WE HAVE FIGURED OUT WHY ..

ISRAELs ECONOMY IS PLUNGING.. THEY CANT SURVIVE BY SELLING THEIR INFERIOR AND OVERPRICED KOSHER MILITARY HARDWARE ANYMORE.

SO ISRAEL DARLING MODI ( WHO WORE A KOSHER SPONSORED TURBAN IN 1976 -- INHEIN HATAAYIYE HAMEIN LEH AAIYIYE ) NOW WANTS TO CREATE A HEGELIAN DIALECTIC AND ALLOW ISRAEL TO PUT THE WATER HOOKS ON BHARATMATA ..

AFTER ALL ISRAEL GOT THOUSANDS OF MIGHTY RIVERS AND ARE DEADLY WATER EXPERTS , RIGHT?

NOW MODI HAS GONE INTO " ZERO BUDGET NATURAL FARMING" NAY ZBNF OF AN IDIOT NAMED SUBHASH PALEKAR..

LET ME QUOTE WIKIPEDIA--

QUOTE: His Spiritual background was inspired by Saint Dhnyaneshwar, Saint Tukaram and Saint Kabir. Searching for truth, he studied Gandhi and Karl Marx comparatively. Gandhiji's philosophy of non-violence appealed to him more. Great Indian personalities like Gandhiji, Shivaji, Jyotiba Phule, Vivekananda and Tagore helped reinforce his belief in absolute natural truth and nonviolence (Satya & Ahimsa) UNQUOTE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhash_Palekar

WE ASK MODI -- WHY DID JNU WOMAN NIRMALA SITARAMAN HAVE TO ANNOUNCE ZBNF IN HER ANNUAL BUDGET ?

AFTER ALL JU WOMAN NIRMALA SITARAMAN FOOLED THE WHOLE OF INDIA BY ANNOUNCING A STEEP PETROL/ DIESEL COST HIKE.. A HIDDEN "CARBON TAX" LIKE WHAT MODIs SOUL MATE "CHAMPION OF EARTH" -- CHILDLESS ANAL SEX RECEIVING JEW MACRON DID IN FRANCE --

TILL TODAY NO ROTHSCHILD MEDIA HAS REVEALED THAT "YELLOW VEST PROTESTS " IN FRANCE ARE ABOUT "CARBON TAXES "... SO THAT JEWS CAN MAKE MONEY OUT OF THIN AIR..

NOW USING THIS STUPID FELLOW SUBHASH PALEKARs ZBNF , MODI WILL LEAD THE NATION INTO SEVERE FAMINE IN 5 YEARS FLAT..

I CAN PUT A 1000 ITEM OBJECTIVE TEST TO SUBHASH PALEKAR ON "ORGANIC FARMING" AND IF HE SCORES MORE THAN 2 % I WILL EAT MY OWN HEAD..

TODAY WE WONDER IF WE HAVE MADE A MISTAKE IN CHOOSING YOU AS INDIAs PM THE SECOND TIME -- NARENDRA DAMDARDAS MODI..
WE ASK MODI TO SHED HIS EGO AND WORK FOR BHARATMATA AND NOT FOR HIS JEWISH MASTERS ..

THIS FELLOW GUJJU NO 2 WAS SINGING THE PRAISES OF HIS "GREEN COLOURED NEEM COATED UREA PRILLS" TILL A COUPLE OF WEEKS AGO.. HE USED TO FROTH FROM THE CORNERS OF HIS MOUTH WHILE HE NARRATED HIS NEEM COATED UREA EXPLOITS..

OVERUSE OF UREA IS THE REASON WHY 70 % OF OUR WATER RESOURCES OF INDIA ARE DEAD TODAY IN JUST 5 YEARS FLAT .. YES -- 5 YEARS OF MODIs RULE..

OUR THINK TANKS ARE FILLED WITH IDIOTS WHO CANT THINK FOR NUTS.. AMITABH KANT , EX-COLLECTOR OF CALICUT, WE HOPE YOU ARE LISTENING.. ( HIS CHILD WAS BORN IN CALICIUT ).. STOP YOUR CHAMCHAGIRI OF MODI-- DO YOU JOB !

MY 6 PART POST ON ORGANIC FARMING BELOW IS ONLY 60% COMPLETE. YES , SUBHASH PALEKAR CAN READ IT , AND THEN I WILL PUT HIM THROUGH A 1000 ITEM OBJECTIVE TEST.. THERE IS MORE TO ORGANIC FARMING THAN A 1000 SUBHASH PALEKARs CAN EVER LEARN OR COMPREHEND ..

https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

WE WATCH..

capt ajit vadakayil
..


PUT ABOVE CRITICAL COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
SUBHASH PALEKAR
NIRMALA SITARAMAN
FINANCE MINISTRY
MADHAV GADGIL
K KASTURIRANGAN
MS SWAMINATHAN
PMO
PM MODI
NITI AYOG
AMITABH KANT
NGT
ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY/ MINISTER
FOOD MINISTER/ MINISTRY
WATER MINISTER/ MINISTRY
National Crisis Management Committee (NCMS)
AJIT DOVAL
CBI
RAW
IB
ED
NIA
SPEAKER LOK SABHA
SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
PRESIDENT OF INDIA
VP OF INDIA
ALL CENTRAL/ STATE MINISTRIES/ MINISTERS..
ALL MAJOR DISTRICT COLLECTORS / PROMINENT IAS OFFICERS .
CMs OF ALL STATES
GOVERNORS OF ALL STTES
CJI
ATTORNEY GENERAL
ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES
ALL HIGH COURT CHIEF JUSTICES
DGPs OF ALL STATES
IGs OF ALL STATES
DEFENCE MINISTER/ MINISTRY
ALL 3 ARMED FORCE CHIEFS
AMIT SHAH
HOME MINISTRY
NCERT
EDUCATION MINISTER/ MINISTRY
I&B MINISTER/ MINISTRY
SWAMY
GURUMURTHY
RAJIVA MALHOTRA
ALL BJP SPOKESMEN
RSS
VHP
AVBP
RAJEEV CHANDRASHEKHAR
MOHANDAS PAI
RAM MADHAV
RAJ THACKREY
UDDHAV THACKREY
SRI SRI RAVISHANKAR
SADGURU JAGGI VASUDEV
BABA RAMDEV
SPEAKER LOK SABHA
SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
SPEAKERS OF ALL STATE ASSEMBLIES
SOLI BABY
SALVE BABY
FALI BABY
KATJU BABY
KIRON KHER
MEENAKSHI LEKHI
SMRITI IRANI
ARUN SHOURIE
MADHI TREHAN
MADHU KISHWAR
SUDHIR CHAUDHARY
GEN GD BAKSHI
SAMBIT PATRA
RSN SINGH
SHASHI THAROOR
ANUPAM KHER
CHETAN BHAGAT
N NARAYANA MURTHY
SUDHA MURTHY
CLOSET COMMIE ARNAB GOSWMI
RAJDEEP SARDESAI
NAVIKA KUMAR
ZAKKA JACOB
ANAND NARASIMHAN
SRINIVASAN JAIN
SONAL MEHROTRA KAPOOR
VIKRAM CHANDRA
FAYE DSOUZA
NIDHI RAZDAN
RAVISH KUMAR
PRANNOY JAMES ROY
AROON PURIE
VINEET JAIN
RAGHAV BAHL
SEEMA CHISTI
DILEEP PADGOANKAR
VIR SANGHVI
PRASOON JOSHI
PRITISH NANDI
ASHISH NANDI
JEAN DREZE
ARUNA ROY
HARSH MANDER
NANDITA DAS
ANAND PATWARDHAN
VINOD DUA
RAJAT SHARMA
JULIO RIBEIRO
ALL CONGRESS SPOKESMEN
RAHUL GANDHI
SONIA GANDHI
PRIYANKA GANDHI
LK ADVANI
MURLI MANOHAR JOSHI
SHOBHAA DE
ARUNDHATI ROY
SURESH GOPI
MOHANLAL
BARKHA DUTT
SHEKHAR GUPTA
SIDHARTH VARADARAJAN
N RAM
MANI SHANKAR AIYERAN
ROMILA THAPAR
IRFAN HABIB
NIVEDITA MENON
AYESHA KIDWAI
KARAN THAPAR
CNR RAO
PM BHARGHAVA
KIRAN MAJUMDAR SHAW
SHAZIA ILMI
VIR SANGHVI
PAVAN VARMA
RAMACHANDRA GUHA
DANIEL RAJA
BRINDA KARAT
PRAKASH KARAT
SITARAM YECHURY
SUMEET CHOPRA
DINESH VARSHNEY
ANNA VETTIKAD
SUDHEENDRA KULKARNI
PRAKASH RAJ
KANCHA ILAIH
JOHN DAYAL
KAVITA KRISHNAN
TEESTA SETALVAD
SWARA TRRR BHASKAR ( OR IS IT PRRRR ? )
RANA AYYUB
SNEHLA RASHID
PAGALIKA GHOSE
JOHN BRITTAS
KAMALAHASSAN
DILIP CHERIAN
SUHEL SETH
VC OF JNU
VC OF DU/ JU/ TISS
DEAN OF FTII
IRA BHASKAR
ADMIRAL LN RAMDAS
KAVITA RAMDAS
LALITA RAMDAS
NAYANTARA SEHGAL
RSS
VHP
AVBP
VIVEK OBEROI
MOHAN BHAGWAT
JAVED AKTHAR
NASSERUDDIN SHAH
EVERY HINDU ORGANISTAION
ALL DESH BHAKT LEADERS
SPREAD ON SOCIAL MEDIA



  1. Respected Captain , Subash Palekar tweets Organic farming is more dangerous and poisonous than chemical farming
    https://twitter.com/subhash_palekar/status/737118451106492418

    with Gratitude.

    1. https://twitter.com/subhash_palekar/status/737118451106492418

      THIS MANDHA BUDDHI SUBHASH PALEKAR DOES NOT KNOW WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING..

      THIS IS THE IDIOT PM MODI GAVE PADMA SRI AWARD -- AND MADE HIM A NATiONAL ICON.

      WE THE PEOPLE WARN MODI--

      JUST BECAUSE SUBHASH PALEKAR GIVES YOU AN EGO MASSAGE-- WE WONT ALLOW HIM TO BLEED BHARATMATA..

      JP NADDA DID NOTHING FOR 5 YEARS AS HEALTH MINISTER..HE HAS BEEN PROMOTED..

      HAVE YOU SEEN JP NADDA BEHAVING LIKE A WORM WHEN MODI LOOKS AT HIM ?

      ALL GUJJU NO 2 WANTS IS AN EGO MASSAGE .. HE CANT GET SLEEP AT NIGHT WITHOUT THIS .. MODI HAS PACKED HIS CABINET WITH SYCOPHANTS ..

      https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/07/comments-overflow-for-inoperative-load_17.html

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..

    2. PUT ABOVE CRITICAL COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
      SUBHASH PALEKAR
      NIRMALA SITARAMAN
      FINANCE MINISTRY
      MADHAV GADGIL
      K KASTURIRANGAN
      MS SWAMINATHAN
      PMO
      PM MODI
      NITI AYOG
      AMITABH KANT
      NGT
      ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY/ MINISTER
      FOOD MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      WATER MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      National Crisis Management Committee (NCMS)
      AJIT DOVAL
      CBI
      RAW
      IB
      ED
      NIA
      SPEAKER LOK SABHA
      SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
      PRESIDENT OF INDIA
      VP OF INDIA
      ALL CENTRAL/ STATE MINISTRIES/ MINISTERS..
      ALL MAJOR DISTRICT COLLECTORS / PROMINENT IAS OFFICERS .
      CMs OF ALL STATES
      GOVERNORS OF ALL STTES
      CJI
      ATTORNEY GENERAL
      ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES
      ALL HIGH COURT CHIEF JUSTICES
      DGPs OF ALL STATES
      IGs OF ALL STATES
      DEFENCE MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      ALL 3 ARMED FORCE CHIEFS
      AMIT SHAH
      HOME MINISTRY
      NCERT
      EDUCATION MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      I&B MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      SWAMY
      GURUMURTHY
      RAJIVA MALHOTRA
      ALL BJP SPOKESMEN
      RSS
      VHP
      AVBP
      RAJEEV CHANDRASHEKHAR
      MOHANDAS PAI
      RAM MADHAV
      RAJ THACKREY
      UDDHAV THACKREY
      SRI SRI RAVISHANKAR
      SADGURU JAGGI VASUDEV
      BABA RAMDEV
      SPEAKER LOK SABHA
      SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
      SPEAKERS OF ALL STATE ASSEMBLIES
      SOLI BABY
      SALVE BABY
      FALI BABY
      KATJU BABY
      KIRON KHER
      MEENAKSHI LEKHI
      SMRITI IRANI
      ARUN SHOURIE
      MADHI TREHAN
      MADHU KISHWAR
      SUDHIR CHAUDHARY
      GEN GD BAKSHI
      SAMBIT PATRA
      RSN SINGH
      SHASHI THAROOR
      ANUPAM KHER
      CHETAN BHAGAT
      N NARAYANA MURTHY
      SUDHA MURTHY
      CLOSET COMMIE ARNAB GOSWMI
      RAJDEEP SARDESAI
      NAVIKA KUMAR
      ZAKKA JACOB
      ANAND NARASIMHAN
      SRINIVASAN JAIN
      SONAL MEHROTRA KAPOOR
      VIKRAM CHANDRA
      FAYE DSOUZA
      NIDHI RAZDAN
      RAVISH KUMAR
      PRANNOY JAMES ROY
      AROON PURIE
      VINEET JAIN
      RAGHAV BAHL
      SEEMA CHISTI
      DILEEP PADGOANKAR
      VIR SANGHVI
      PRASOON JOSHI
      PRITISH NANDI
      ASHISH NANDI
      JEAN DREZE
      ARUNA ROY
      HARSH MANDER
      NANDITA DAS
      ANAND PATWARDHAN
      VINOD DUA
      RAJAT SHARMA
      JULIO RIBEIRO
      ALL CONGRESS SPOKESMEN
      RAHUL GANDHI
      SONIA GANDHI
      PRIYANKA GANDHI
      LK ADVANI
      MURLI MANOHAR JOSHI
      SHOBHAA DE
      ARUNDHATI ROY
      SURESH GOPI
      MOHANLAL
      BARKHA DUTT
      SHEKHAR GUPTA
      SIDHARTH VARADARAJAN
      N RAM
      MANI SHANKAR AIYERAN
      ROMILA THAPAR
      IRFAN HABIB
      NIVEDITA MENON
      AYESHA KIDWAI
      KARAN THAPAR
      CNR RAO
      PM BHARGHAVA
      KIRAN MAJUMDAR SHAW
      SHAZIA ILMI
      VIR SANGHVI
      PAVAN VARMA
      RAMACHANDRA GUHA
      DANIEL RAJA
      BRINDA KARAT
      PRAKASH KARAT
      SITARAM YECHURY
      SUMEET CHOPRA
      DINESH VARSHNEY
      ANNA VETTIKAD
      SUDHEENDRA KULKARNI
      PRAKASH RAJ
      KANCHA ILAIH
      JOHN DAYAL
      KAVITA KRISHNAN
      TEESTA SETALVAD
      SWARA TRRR BHASKAR ( OR IS IT PRRRR ? )
      RANA AYYUB
      SNEHLA RASHID
      PAGALIKA GHOSE
      JOHN BRITTAS
      KAMALAHASSAN
      DILIP CHERIAN
      SUHEL SETH
      VC OF JNU
      VC OF DU/ JU/ TISS
      DEAN OF FTII
      IRA BHASKAR
      ADMIRAL LN RAMDAS
      KAVITA RAMDAS
      LALITA RAMDAS
      NAYANTARA SEHGAL
      RSS
      VHP
      AVBP
      VIVEK OBEROI
      MOHAN BHAGWAT
      JAVED AKTHAR
      NASSERUDDIN SHAH
      EVERY HINDU ORGANISTAION
      ALL DESH BHAKT LEADERS
      SPREAD ON SOCIAL MEDIA

  1. Captain,

    What is the difference between organic agriculture and ZBNF?what are the cons of ZBNF?In subash palekar's method ,he says of using jeevamrutham using desi cow but without any processes of sowing,tillage...I think he is using distinct term ZBNF instead of organic farming.I dont understand what he meant by organic farming.He says "Organic farming has launched the surface feeder worm orm Eisenia Foetida of the class oligochata and family Cumbricidae, imported from Europe and Canada in India".can you please clear the air on this issue?
    1. DO NOT LISTEN TO AN IDIOT CUM IGNORAMUS.

      MODI IS A INCOMPETENT PM -- TO SPONSOR SUBHASH PALEKAR..

      BEFORE THE GREEN REVOLUTION --INDIA DID ORGANIC FARMING

OUR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERISTIES HAVE PROFESSORS WHO WERE DISCARDS OF THE SCHOOL CEREBRAL BARREL .. THEY ARE NOT EVEN THE BOTTOM DREGS..

THESE USELESS PROFESSORS TEACH CHEMICAL FARMING..

THE LIBRARIES OF THESE COLLEGES NEED TO BE BURNT..

AAARRRGGHH PPTTHHEEOOYYYYYYYYYYYYY

MODI HAS MADE SUBHASH PALEKAR THE NATIONs ICON..

capt ajit vadakayil
..










  • Subash Palekar spins a nice story in his book...
    I laughed and threw them out (he wrote in end to donate those to needy farmers) my gosh.
    According to him organic farming is corporate conspiracy and has brought the same chemical laden inputs in a different way.
    He sells the human urine therapy in his speeches by saying he cured several conditions like arthritis by it. He claims to be have done research with desi cow and it's dung and urine. All sucked up to it. It shows that we have completely lost our memory of organic cow based farming in just 50 years for someone so lame to claim it as his own research and sweat...
    He quotes all dasa and poison injected versions of vedic literature. He does not have any idea about terrain and soil dynamics. He only sells his jeevamrith formula and says it enough. Clearly not understood what is humus and its functions. He completely does not even mention the macro factors in farming. The success rate of his method is very low as well.

  • SUBHASH PALEKAR THINKS INDIA IS A SMALL BACK YARD GARDEN..

    HE DOES OT KNOW THE BASICS OF SOIL AND WATER ..

    HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ORGANIC FARMING--WHICH INDIA DID FOR SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS ( AS WE WERE VEGANS ) IS LITERALLY ZERO..

    THIS IS LIKE A BRAIN SURGERY THEATRE SWEEPER ( OF SOME BIHAR GEN HOSPITAL ) CLAIMING TO BE THE BEST BRAIN SURGEON..

    HE HAS FOOLED MODI AND ALL THINK TANKS OF INDIA..

    SUBHASH PALEKAR HAS A DEGREE FROM COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE , NAGPUR..

    SHUT DOWN THESE USELESS AGRICULTURE COLLEGES IF THEIR BEST PRODUCT IS SUBHASH PALEKAR..

    WHEN I WROTE MY CHEMICAL TANKER BLOGS , MANY THANKED ME FOR GIVING A GLIMPSE OF THE REAL THING..

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2013/02/stowage-of-multiple-parcels-on-chemical.html

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..

  • https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

    WE WARN PM MODI..

    IF YOU IMPLEMENT THAT IDOT AND IGNORAMUS SUBHASH PALEKARSs METHOD OF ZERO BUDGET NATURAL FARMING, INDIA CANNOT EXPORT FOOD.. WE WILL BE BANNED .. WE HAVE THE BEST TOP SOIL ON THE PLANET..

    THERE ARE STRICT PROCEDURES..

    THESE MUST BE TAUGHT IN OUR AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES.. SACK ALL INCOMPETENT PROFESSORS FROM INDIAN AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES .. CHANGE THE SYLLABUS TO A NEW ONE..

    READ ALL 6 PARTS OF THE UNFINISHED POST BELOW-- ( 60% COMPLETE )

    https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..


    1. IN FIVE YEARS OF MISRULE, PM MODI HAS LED INDIA TO DROUGHT..

      IN THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MODI WILL LEAD INDIA TO FAMINE ...

      INDIANS WERE THE FIRST TO DO ORGANIC FARMING AS WE WERE VEGANS , DESPITE BEING BLESSED WITH ENORMOUS AMOUNTS OF MEAT AND FISH..

      WE DID ORGANIC FARMING TILL A DESH DROHI NAMED MS SWAMINATHAN INTRODUCED GREEN REVOLUTION TO INDIA..

      THE SCIENCE OF SOIL IS EXTREMELY COMPLICATED.. THE SOIL IS NOT THE SAME ALL OVER INDIA..

      IF WE WANT TO EXPORT "ORGANIC FOOD" IT HAS TO BE CERTIFIED BY APPROVED INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES..

      WE HAVE LOST ALL OUR ANCIENT KNOWLEDGE PASSED DOWN FOR MILLENNIUMS FROM A FARMER DAD TO HIS SON..

      NOW WE HAVE TO REBUILD FROM SCRATCH..

      AN IDIOT CUM IGNORAMUS LIKE SUBHASH PALEKAR CANNOT DO THIS .. IT REQUIRES IIT BTECH TYPE BRAINS TO RECLAIM OUR TOP SOIL AND PRISTINE WATER WHICH WE LOST IN 55 YEARS FLAT..

      I BET SUBHASH PALEKAR WONT EVEN KNOW THE pH VALUE OF WATER..

      WHY DID MODI MAKE A STUPID SAFFRON CLAD WOMAN LIKE UMA BHARATI GANGES MINISTER? BECAUSE HE WANTED TO MILK VOTES..

      I PREDICT THAT GUJJU NO 2 MODI WILL BLEED BHARATMATA MORE THAN ROTHSCHILDs AGENT KATHIAWARI JAIN JEW GUJJU NO 1 GANDHI.

      CHILDLESS MODI NOW WANTS NOBEL PRIZE FROM HIS JEWISH MASTERS.. HE DOES NOT CARE..

      WE CARE BECAUSE WE WANT OUR DESCENDANTS TO DO WELL.

      READ ALL 6 PARTS OF THE UNFINISHED POST BELOW-- ONLY 65% COMPLETE..

      https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..
















  • Brigadier Sudhir Sawant

    mumbai zbnf is held under him

    wiki -----"He joined Aam Aadmi Party Maharashtra unit on 12 January 2018 in presence of Arvind Kejriwal [5] and on 6 June 2018 under presence of AAP National Secretary Pankaj Gupta he has been appointed as Aam Aadmi Party Maharashtra Unit Head Convenor"

  • SP copied directly from masanobu fukuoka's "one straw revolution" i guess.

    only good thing is he is pressing for desi cows.

  • BY THE END OF MODIs SECOND TERM--INDIA WILL HAVE SEVERE FAMINE

    TIME FOR ISRAEL TO SINK "SOIL HOOKS" INTO BHARATMATA.
    1. ttp://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/06/murder-of-pazhassi-raja-capt-ajit.html

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCE , FROM A KINGDOM CALLED "KOTTAYAM" NORTH EAST OF CALICUT, KERALA.. THE ORIGINAL MAP MADE BY THE BRITISH IS IN THE POST ABOVE..

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS NOT A CRYPTO JEW VARMA..

      THE ROTHSCHILD HISTORIAN NAMED HIM KERALA VARMA..

      SAME WAY THE ORIGINAL KOTTAKKAL VAIDYA SALA WAS NORTH OF ELATHUR OF CALICUT DISTRICT RUN BY THIYYAS -- NOT IN THE PRESENT DAY KOTTAKKAL 45 KM SOUTH OF CALICUT.

      ALL KERALA BALLADS OF KALARI WARRIOR VALOUR IS THIYYA VALOUR.. NOT NAIR VALOUR..

      HISTORY OF KERALA MUST BE RE-WRITTEN

      KING MAHABALI WAS A THIYYA..

      ARYABHATTA WAS NOT A BIHARI, HE WAS ARYAN BHATTATHIRIPPAD..

      BHATTATHIRIPPADS ARE MATH KNOWING CREAM OF KERALA NAMBOODIRIS..

      NAMBOODIRIS WERE SANSKRIT SPEAKING AND VEDA ORAL ROUTE KNOWING CREAM OF THIYYAS.

      THE DANAVA CIVILIZATION OF THIYYA KINGS MAHABALI / VIROCHANA/ HIRANYAKASHIPU PREDATED THE VEDIC CIVILIZATION BY SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS..

      KERALA THIYYAS WERE WORLD WIDE NAVIGATORS.. EGYPTIAN KINGS WERE PURE KERALA THIYYAS. ROMAN EMPERORS AND SENATORS WERE KERALA THIYYA MIXED BLOOD.

      MAYA DANAVA WAS A KERALA THIYYA..

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A PURE KERALA THIYYA WOMAN..

      FAMOUS ANCIENT QUEENS/ HEROINES QUEEN DIDO / QUEEN NEFERTITI / QUEEN OF SHEBA/ QUEEN HATSHEPSUT/ QUEEN CLEOPATRA/ MATH PROF HYPATHIA ETC ) WERE KERALA THIYYAS..

      THE MOTHER OF KING SOLOMON BATH SHEBA WAS A KERALA NAMBOODIRI.

      THE WIFE OF KING SOLOMON “QUEEN OF SHEBA “ WAS A KERALA THIYYA.

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCESS .. SHE WAS ALSO KNOWN AS THE WANDERING SEA QUEEN AS SHE SPENT HER TIME BETWEEN GLORIOUS ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS SHE FOUNDED -- CARTHAGE ( TUNISIA ) , CORDOBA ( SPAIN ) , ALEXANDRIA ( EGYPT ) , TRIPOLI ( LEBANON ) CYRENE ( LIBYA ) AND UGARIT ( SYRIA )..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      KERALA SAGES BUILD THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS AS PER VAASTU..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2016/10/eight-sided-pyramid-of-giza-egypt.html

      LIES WONT WORK..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/10/worst-racists-on-planet-earth-capt-ajit.html

      MALAYALAM IS THE SECOND OLDEST LANGUAGE ON THIS PLANET.. MALAYALAM IS NOT A TAPE WORM FROM THE STOMACH OF TAMIL..

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..





















  • Mahodaya,

    I watched 2009 Pazhassi Raja movie yesterday with subtitles on Hotstar.
    He is also from Varma family.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pazhassi_Raja
    here you can see Painting of Pazhassi Raja by R agent Ravi Varma displayed in Pazhassi raja Museum, Kozhikkode.

    What is the catch captain?
    .


    1. ttp://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/06/murder-of-pazhassi-raja-capt-ajit.html

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCE , FROM A KINGDOM CALLED "KOTTAYAM" NORTH EAST OF CALICUT, KERALA.. THE ORIGINAL MAP MADE BY THE BRITISH IS IN THE POST ABOVE..

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS NOT A CRYPTO JEW VARMA..

      THE ROTHSCHILD HISTORIAN NAMED HIM KERALA VARMA..

      SAME WAY THE ORIGINAL KOTTAKKAL VAIDYA SALA WAS NORTH OF ELATHUR OF CALICUT DISTRICT RUN BY THIYYAS -- NOT IN THE PRESENT DAY KOTTAKKAL 45 KM SOUTH OF CALICUT.

      ALL KERALA BALLADS OF KALARI WARRIOR VALOUR IS THIYYA VALOUR.. NOT NAIR VALOUR..

      HISTORY OF KERALA MUST BE RE-WRITTEN

      KING MAHABALI WAS A THIYYA..

      ARYABHATTA WAS NOT A BIHARI, HE WAS ARYAN BHATTATHIRIPPAD..

      BHATTATHIRIPPADS ARE MATH KNOWING CREAM OF KERALA NAMBOODIRIS..

      NAMBOODIRIS WERE SANSKRIT SPEAKING AND VEDA ORAL ROUTE KNOWING CREAM OF THIYYAS.

      THE DANAVA CIVILIZATION OF THIYYA KINGS MAHABALI / VIROCHANA/ HIRANYAKASHIPU PREDATED HE VEDIC CIVILIZATION BY SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS..

      KERALA THIYYAS WERE WORLD WIDE NAVIGATORS.. EGYPTIAN KINGS WERE PURE KERALA THIYYAS. ROMAN EMPERORS AND SENATORS WERE KERALA THIYYA MIXED BLOOD.

      MAYA DANAVA WAS A KERALA THIYYA..

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A PURE KERALA THIYYA WOMAN..

      FAMOUS ANCIENT QUEENS/ HEROINES QUEEN DIDO / QUEEN NEFERTITI / QUEEN OF SHEBA/ QUEEN HATSHEPSUT/ QUEEN CLEOPATRA/ MATH PROF HYPATHIA ETC ) WERE KERALA THIYYAS..

      THE MOTHER OF KING SOLOMON BATH SHEBA WAS A KERALA NAMBOODIRI.

      THE WIFE OF KING SOLOMON “QUEEN OF SHEBA “ WAS A KERALA THIYYA.

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCESS .. SHE WAS ALSO KNOWN AS THE WANDERING SEA QUEEN AS SHE SPENT HER TIME BETWEEN GLORIOUS ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS SHE FOUNDED -- CARTHAGE ( TUNISIA ) , CORDOBA ( SPAIN ) , ALEXANDRIA ( EGYPT ) , TRIPOLI ( LEBANON ) CYRENE ( LIBYA ) AND UGARIT ( SYRIA )..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      KERALA SAGES BUILD THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS AS PER VAASTU..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2016/10/eight-sided-pyramid-of-giza-egypt.html

      LIES WONT WORK..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/10/worst-racists-on-planet-earth-capt-ajit.html

      MALAYALAM IS THE SECOND OLDEST LANGUAGE ON THIS PLANET.. MALAYALAM IS NOT A TAPE WORM FROM THE STOMACH OF TAMIL..

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..



    1. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/filling-iran-oil-gap-in-india-us-supplies-outshine-middle-east-crude/articleshow/69926762.cms

      US WANTS INDIA TO MOTHBALL OUR ENORMOUS RESERVES OF COAL..

      TO ACHIEVE THIS THEY HAVE PUT PM MODI ON CHANNE KA JHAAD.. THE JEWS MADE MODI CHAMPION OF EARTH..

      US SHALE FRACKED OIL IS CHEMICAL LADEN AND SPOILS ALL MACHINERY..

      WE KNOW THE "INHEIN HATAAYIYE HAIMEIN LAH AAYIYE " MOMENT OF 1976 ( WITH MOSSAD/ CIA ) , WITH SOME INDIANS IN SARDARJEE HEAD GEAR..

      WHEN MANI SHANKAR AIYAR DID IT IN PAKISTAN , MODI WENT BALLISTIC.. HE MADE IT PERSONAL , AS A SUPARI FOR ASSASSINATION TO PUT FOG ..

      IRAN IS SHIA , PAKISTANI ARE SUNNI..

      IT IS GOOD TO HAVE IRAN AS A FRIEND..

      AMERICA IS UNRELIABLE AS AN ALLY.. IF WE BUY TOO MANY ARMS FROM USA, SANCTIONS ON SPARES WILL FOLLOW...

      MISSILE SHIELD FROM ISRAEL/ USA WILL NOT WORK AGAINST NATO NATIONS...

      SUBMARINES BOUGHT FROM NATO NATIONS CANNOT HIDE-- ALL NATO NATIONS CALL POLL IT UNDERWATER..

      WE ASK PM MODI-- WORK FOR BHARATMATA , NOT YOUR JEWISH MASTERS..

      MODI, DO NOT ANTAGONIZE PUTIN.. IF PUTIN SELLS S400 MISSILE SHIELD TO PAKISTAN , WE CANNOT WIN ANY WAR..

      US/ ISRAELI ANTI-MISSILE SHIELD HAS ZERO PERCENT SUCCESS RATE AGAINST INCOMING HYPERSONIC MISSILES, WHILE S400 HAS 100% SUCCESS RATE..

      WE KNOW WHY MODI WANTS TO IMPORT USELESS US SHALE OIL FROM HALF WAY AROUND THE PLANET, WHEN WE CAN GET PRISTINE IRANIAN OIL AT OUR DOORSTEP.. USE IRANIAN SHIPS ON VOYAGE CHARTER..

      INDIA MUST MAINTAIN STRATEGIC CRUDE OIL RESERVES FOR WAR .. THE OIL COMMINGLED / BLENDED MUST BE COMPATIBLE -- LEST WE HAVE TO USE SHOVELS INSTEAD OF PUMPS..

      ALL BENAMI MEDIA CHANNELS ARE WARNING , IF MODI DOES NOT CUT DOWN INDIAs EMISSION OF CARBON DI OXIDE MILLIONS OF INDIANS WILL DIE DUE TO EXTREME HEAT WAVE..

      PARIS COP21 IGNORED POTENT GREENHOUSE GASES METHANE AND NITROUS OXIDE..

      If the GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL ( GWP ) is 1 for Carbon Dioxide, it is 302 for Nitrous oxide and 104 for Methane over a 20 year period…

      WE KNOW WHY MODI HAS CHOSEN CHITPAVAN JEW NAY BRAHMIN PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR AS INDIAs ENVIRONMENTAL MINISTER..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2018/12/poland-katowice-cop-24-global-warming.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/02/america-caused-global-warming-with_9.html

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..


    BELOW: AN EXAMPLE OF "CLEAR THINKING"



    BELOW:  4 OUT OF 125 BATCH MATES- MASCHERENHAS,  VADAKAYIL,  MALIK,  SRINIVASAN..

    GOOD TO REMINISCENCE OVER A COUPLE OF BEERS AFTER 46 YEARS 

    THE WORDS  "REMEMBER WHEN" WAS OFT REPEATED..   WE WERE 250 CADETS ON A TRAINING SHIP FOR 2 YEARS ..

    HEART WARMING MEMORIES NEVER DIE !






    THIS POST IS NOW CONTINUED TO PART 7 BELOW—







    CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
    ..

    218 comments:

    1. https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/india-must-revert-to-organic_23.html

      SINCE MODI BECAME PM 5 YEARS AGO..

      EVERY YEAR , TWO MONTHS BEFORE MONSOONS , THIS BLOGSITE HAS BEEN ASKING HIM TO DESILT DAM RESERVOIRS..

      I ASKED TO PREVENT EVAPORATION FROM RESERVOIRS, LAKES AND CANALS..

      I ASKED THAT IN ALL PLACES WHERE GROUNDWATER LEVEL HAS BECOME LOW , WE MUST HAVE RAIN WATER HARVESTING..

      MODI HAS DONE NOTHING... HE WANTS EGO MASSAGE AND VOTE MILKING KA NUSKE-- BASSSSS !

      NOW HE IS DOING HOOOO HAAAAA OVER THE ISSUE ..

      I WONDER WHO IS THE BIGGER CONMAN -- GAURAV PRADHAN OR NARENDRA DAMODARDAS MODI...

      IT IS ALL ABOUT THEMSELVES--NOT THE WATAN..

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. PU ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
        PMO
        PM MODI
        NITI AYOG
        AMITABH KANT
        CENTRA/ STATE WATER MINISTERS AND MINISTRIES
        CMs OF ALL STATES

        Delete
      2. Your Registration Number is : PMOPG/E/2019/0340056

        Delete
      3. Your Registration Number is : PMOPG/E/2019/0340135

        Delete
      4. Sir, put this comment on fb page of PM, niti aayog, water ministry.

        Delete
      5. https://twitter.com/shree1082002/status/1143021544865591296

        Delete
      6. sent to PMO Mahodaya.

        Registration Number is : PMOPG/E/2019/0342804

        Delete

      7. Rainwater heals

        Rest

        Below is redundant


        I was thinking on how much GOOD neo cons have switched to worse than pig shit things, including humans+nature.


        Searched healing property of rain water will spread it around.

        If all show courage , strength and try to defeat evils then grandmasters like your wife will worshipped like ancient queens.

        1.3 billion indians, 7 billion world population and only few are fighting back. Use it or lose it.


        I just spread things around and try to help people of those countries who need help, personally when we interact online.

        Have shared Link of google drive Of saved blogs on Twitter pinned it.



        Your words are a part of my conscience. Its all i need

        Delete


    2. S June 23, 2019 at 5:58 PM

      Good evening Captain. As I had mentioned in ,my comment few weeks ago when you had decided to leave that I am publishing a book about the journalism malpractice, deceiving and propaganda, at the same time i have also explained key concepts of Opinion Leaders and False flag attacks and also exposed Clinton with the help of wikileaks. Also provided history of how media was used to criminalize marijuana. the medium I have chosen to write in is fiction coming of age story, about how a group of kids studying mass media discover how the world is actually run and moral challenges they face. It is out now, https://www.amazon.in/High-Dry-Sasmit-Powale/dp/9352018923/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=high+and+dry+sasmit&qid=1561292487&s=gateway&sr=8-1

      I know you are very busy so I don't hope for a review but if you ever get around reading it I would like to know since your opinion will matter the most. And if you like it I hope you will bless it. I have put in some of my own money because I wanted people to know what is happening. this my first book. I have mentioned you in the Acknowledgement.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies

      ####################

      Capt. Ajit Vadakayil June 23, 2019 at 8:42 PM

      GODSPEED

      2243563624435672

      I WILL ASK MY WIFE TO READ IT.

      ReplyDelete
    3. Dear Captain, I have couple of questions on Guruvayoor. Will the energy field of idol benefit people without gratitude and faith. Suppose a person enters saying 'I am not hindu. i don't believe in Krishna.its all superstition. But I want to benefit from bismuth and iridium. Hindus have no right to stop me' . (I know people who are capable of doing it. ) Will such people get benefit by entering Guruvayoor temple.

      The story of guru and vayu installing the idol, is it an allegory or fake myth ?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. SHRADDHA AND GRATITUDE IS A MUST..

        OTHERWISE THE EFFECT IS NEGATIVE..

        THIS IS ADVANCED QUANTUM PHYSICS..

        Your slightest intention or emotion affects everything.

        The brain and DNA is governed by the laws of quantum physics rather than the laws of biology or neurophysiology.

        With quantum physics, science is leaving behind the notion that human beings are powerless victims and moving toward an understanding that we are fully empowered creators of our lives and of our world.

        With Newton, we were insignificant cogs in the Universal Machinery. With quantum physics, we are Creators of the Universe.

        Delete
    4. CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL ASKS MODI, TALK LESS AND WORK MORE... SOMETIMES MODIs FAALTHU TALK MAKES ME SQUIRM...

      EXAMPLE? .. MODI ASKED HIS BABUS TO BE EFFICIENT, NOT EFFECTIVE... ACTUALLY IT IS THE OTHER WAY AROUND..

      EFFECTIVE PRODUCED DESIRED RESULTS, NOT EFFICIENT..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Guruji,
        Any civil servant who has trained in musoorie will also laugh like mutley the dog.
        For every public administrator is hammered in this very statement you made. Effectiveness not efficiency is the crux of administration in public domain.
        Effiency is langot for mass production facilities and factory procedures ....
        Guuju no 2 has inverted the public service Kalasha khumba too... Hehehe

        Delete
    5. http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/11/evm-electronic-voting-machines-hacking.html

      I WAS THE FIRST TO DEMAND FOR VVPAT.. NOW PEOPLE LIKE SWAMY HAVE GRABBED CREDIT.

      NOW I ASK FOR BIOMETRIC VOTER REGISTRATION TO BE USED IN INDIA.

      FIRST WE HAVE TO LINK AADHAR CAR TO VOTERs ID.

      IN VENEZEULA THEY USED THIS SYSTEM TO BRING MDURO TO POWER , YET JEW GUAIDO PROMPTED BY DEEP STATE KINGPIN JEW ELLIOT ABRAMS CLAIMS THAT THE VOTING WAS RIGGED.. THIS IS IMPOSSIBLE..

      VENEZUELA USES WHAT HAS BEEN REFERRED TO AS THE MOST SECURE VOTING SYSTEM IN THE WORLD. ITS SMARTMATIC VOTING MACHINES ARE THEORETICALLY TAMPER-PROOF, REQUIRING BIOMETRIC VOTER AUTHENTICATION TWICE DURING THE PROCESS.

      THE SYSTEM OPERATES OFFLINE DURING THE TIME VOTES ARE CAST, SO ANY DIRECT ATTEMPTS BY HACKERS TO CHANGE VOTES ARE RENDERED INEFFECTIVE.

      THE MACHINES GENERATE PAPER COPIES OF VOTES, WHICH ARE PLACED IN A SECURE LOCKBOX AND COUNTED MANUALLY MULTIPLE TIMES FOR VERIFICATION. VOTER-VERIFIED PAPER TRAILS ARE GENERATED IN THE FORM OF TAKE-HOME RECEIPTS. FINALLY, THE SYSTEM IS AUDITABLE AT EVERY STAGE OF THE VOTE.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-UdyyTxBQE

      BIOMETRIC VOTER REGISTRATION IMPLICATES USING BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY (CAPTURING UNIQUE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF AN INDIVIDUAL – FINGERPRINTING IS THE MOST COMMONLY USED), MOST OF THE TIMES IN ADDITION TO DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE VOTER, FOR POLLING REGISTRATION AND/OR AUTHENTICATION.

      THE ENROLLMENT INFRASTRUCTURE ALLOWS COLLECTING AND MAINTAINING A DATABASE OF THE BIOMETRIC TEMPLATES FOR ALL VOTERS.

      ReplyDelete
    6. TO INSPECT UNDERSIDE OF BRIDGES AND MILITARY USE..

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLcrTwMEniw

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4aBVETEfY6w

      ReplyDelete
    7. Sir one question why so much doctor lobby connected to Brahma kumaris I request u to publish lost of fake Hindu organization who divert Hindu from core dharma

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfHsxWpqOM8

        The founder of BRAHMA KUMARI CULT Dada Lekhraj Khubchand Kripilani was sponsored by Rothschild ( diamond agent ) and touted as an incarnation of Lord Shiva..

        Sorry no Hindu god has incarnations . Only Vishnu has incarnations ..

        But despite being a Shiva avatar Kekhraj was given bath by naked brahmakumaris, who has to eat crushed grapes off his lips..( gopika style )

        Lekhraj ran down Hinduism..

        JEW Lekhraj married his adopted daughter Radhe and named her Saraswati.. I have seen a photo of a 62 year old Lekhraj with this 16 year old girl Radhe in school uniform..

        CHECK OUT THE FACE OF JEW LEKHRAJ. PEOPLE IN KARACHI KNEW THAT HE SUPPLIED DRUGGED VIRGINS TO WHITE BRITISH OFFICERS ..

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dada_Lekhraj

        3 YEARS AFTER OM MANDI WAS FOUNDED BY FILTHY RICH DIAMOND MERCHANT LEKHRAJ - THE PLACE WAS RAIDED BY POLICE AT NIGHT ON REPORTS OF AN ONGOING SEXUAL ORGY WITH MINORS ( WHICH INCLUDED WHITE RULERS ) !

        Our Rothschild media and waitress sponsored President Pratibha Patil had famously said in 2007 -- she had received a message from Lekhraj Khubchand Kripalani stating that a “great responsibility” was headed her way.

        DID AN ANGEL DELIVER THIS MESSAGE ?

        AROON PURIE IS A SPONSOR OF THIS CULT..

        PRANAB MUKHERJEE, PRATIBHA PATIL, VENKAIH NAIDU ARE SPONSORS OF THIS CULT..

        I HAVE SEEN SEVERAL OF SHIVANI VERMAs YOUTUBE VIDEOS.. SHE CONVERTS SIMPLE MATTERS INTO ROCKET SCIENCE-- ALL FUNDA PICKED UP ON THE INTERNET..

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y36wVhCL2KM

        SHIVANI VERMA BELONGS TO JAIL..

        LESBIANISM AMONG BRAHMA KUMARIS WAS RAMPANT-- AS TOLD BY WOMEN WHO RAN AWAY..

        https://m.facebook.com/notes/dur-muhammad-pathan/the-chronological-history-of-om-mandli-part-4-last/980914975268317/

        There is a sinister zionist DEPOPULATION AGENDA -using the brahma kumaris. They teach a 5000 year cycle

        The group advocates that young women had the right to elect not to marry and that married women had the right to choose a celibate life.

        What celibate life when they do group lesbian masturbation ( in foreign branches ) ..

        They have 8600 centers in more than 110 countries.- obviously these white saree clad women cant get so powerful..

        In 1980 the Brahma Kumaris became affiliated to the UN Department of Public Relations as a NGO ( with an office in New York ) - nobody has the clout this pull this off except Rothschild .

        Can you imagine, they are pushing the ROTHSCHILD CLIMATE CHANGE agenda !

        https://daily.bhaskar.com/news/MP-IND-all-brahmakumari-sevikas-are-lesbians-says-a-sevika-who-was-sexually-abused-by-s-4385315-PHO.html

        capt ajit vadakayil
        ..

        Delete
      2. PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
        AJIT DOVAL
        CBI
        AMIT SHAH
        HOME MINISTRY
        PMO
        PM MODI
        SURESH OBEROI
        VIVEK OBEROI
        VP VENKIAH NAIDU
        PRANAB MUKHERJEE
        AROON PURIE

        Delete
      3. Shared this comment with Ajit Doval, NModi, Vivek Oberoi and VP Naidu. Put this comment in Amit Shah and Suresh Oberoi's FB page.

        Delete
      4. https://twitter.com/InventionsVedic/status/1143081680342618114?s=20

        Delete
      5. Namaste Captain..

        That evil cult "Brahma Kumaris" masquerading with Hindu name , is still active in many parts of India..
        Seen one near Seshadripuram PU college ..
        Right next to a hostel for mentally challenged..
        Some of those are extremely mean old ladies , throwing silent curses at all those around ..
        They are as diabolical as those evil unmarried hormonally imbalanced missionary nuns..

        Thanks and regards,
        Hemanth

        Delete
    8. Hi captain,

      Siridhanyalu Book Launch
      (English, Hindi Versions) || Vice
      President M Venkaiah Naidu

      https://youtu.be/S4Kq7zKw-GE

      Vice President Venkaiah Naidu Inaugrated
      Siridhanyalu book of Khader vali by Rythunestham
      publications at International yoga day event at Red
      fort, New Delhi by Bramha Kumaris.

      As usual Our Corporate media ignored this.

      Dr Khader vali has cured many 100s of people with diabetes, high BP etc diseases within few weeks to months

      There are lakhs of people suffering from diabetes, high BP etc ,still our govt has done nothing ,hasn't look into any alternative to allopathic treatment.

      Dr Khader vali should have been well popularised all over India through media as he is curing many diseases which cannot by allopathic doctors. .

      In AP, corporate companies are not allowing Dr Khader vali work in media,as he is against industrial packed food,refined oils, A1 packet milk,Green revolution, hybridization of seeds etc
      Dr Khader vali says "let media ingore me ,I will spread my work through public seminars ,by talk,social media etc "

      AP govt supplying millets to farmers as they are nutritious and can be grown with less water.

      Dr. Khadar claims that preventing and curing diabetes, hypertension(HIgh BP), obesity, constipation, piles, gangrene, triglycerides, PCOD, low sperm count, skin diseases, kidney, and thyroid-related disorders, proved by consuming siridhanya. ‘siridhanya’ also keep away brain and blood-related diseases , skin disorders, mouth cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, Parkinson’s disease and asthma .

      These millet rice helps in cleansing blood, boosting the efficiency of bone marrow, curing asthma, fighting various kinds of cancer like kidney, prostate, blood, intestinal, thyroid, throat, pancreatic glands and liver. Acute diabetic patients with wounds and injuries leading to gangrene also can take succour from eating Kodo millet rice. It also helps in purifying the blood of those people who become weak after getting affected by dengue, typhoid, viral fever, etc. and thereby reinvigorates them.

      Read books ,see his interviews
      Dr. Khader vali has done 20 yrs of scientific research on this.

      ReplyDelete
    9. https://theprint.in/opinion/modi-monitor/the-terrible-silence-in-muzaffarpur-that-has-got-everyone-tied-including-pm-modi/252807/

      MODI TOOK TIME OFF TO TWEET ABOUT SHIKHAR DHAAWANs THUMB.. A GAME PLAYED BY NINE AND A HALF NATIONS ON THIS PLANET..

      HE HAS NO TIME FOR DEATHS OF 185 CHILDREN..

      WE ASK--

      HAS JP NADDA ( IN 5 YEARS ) EVER VISITED A GOVT HOSPITAL IN INDIA, TO CHECK OUT HYGIENE IN TOILETS ?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Teams like Afghanistan, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Holland don't even have 5 or 6 international quality players even if they qualify for professional level tournaments.

        Delete
      2. Yup,I had got t idea behind t captain's comment that he was referring to t weaker teams.. I just wanted to know specifically which team he was referring to as half nation.. May b it was Afghanistan

        Delete
    10. Hahaha. Very clear thinking. He even didn't want to hear option b, he was very clearly option b won't be like opt. a. Also shows what he values, well he is a western man. so...

      Vadose zone vid, that man was writing from right to left.

      ReplyDelete
    11. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/sports/cricket/icc-world-cup/icc-world-cup-2019-no-4-returns-as-no-1-concern-for-india/articleshow/69920846.cms

      WE HAVE 4 WICKET KEEPERS AND MANY ALL ROUNDERS

      AMBATI RAYUDUs AVERAGE IN ODIs IS 47 PLUS

      VIJAY SHANKARs AND KL RAHULs ODI AVERAGE IS 35 PLUS

      ReplyDelete
    12. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/meerut/special-26-redux-fake-cbi-officer-takes-2-cops-for-raid-in-up-held/articleshow/69918495.cms

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2013/01/exploring-mind-of-con-man-capt-ajit.html

      ReplyDelete
    13. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/filling-iran-oil-gap-in-india-us-supplies-outshine-middle-east-crude/articleshow/69926762.cms

      US WANTS INDIA TO MOTHBALL OUR ENORMOUS RESERVES OF COAL..

      TO ACHIEVE THIS THEY HAVE PUT PM MODI ON CHANNE KA JHAAD.. THE JEWS MADE MODI CHAMPION OF EARTH..

      US SHALE FRACKED OIL IS CHEMICAL LADEN AND SPOILS ALL MACHINERY..

      WE KNOW THE "INHEIN HATAAYIYE HAIMEIN LAH AAYIYE " MOMENT OF 1976 ( WITH MOSSAD/ CIA ) , WITH SOME INDIANS IN SARDARJEE HEAD GEAR..

      WHEN MANI SHANKAR AIYAR DID IT IN PAKISTAN , MODI WENT BALLISTIC.. HE MADE IT PERSONAL , AS A SUPARI FOR ASSASSINATION TO PUT FOG ..

      IRAN IS SHIA , PAKISTANI ARE SUNNI..

      IT IS GOOD TO HAVE IRAN AS A FRIEND..

      AMERICA IS UNRELIABLE AS AN ALLY.. IF WE BUY TOO MANY ARMS FROM USA, SANCTIONS ON SPARES WILL FOLLOW...

      MISSILE SHIELD FROM ISRAEL/ USA WILL NOT WORK AGAINST NATO NATIONS...

      SUBMARINES BOUGHT FROM NATO NATIONS CANNOT HIDE-- ALL NATO NATIONS CALL POLL IT UNDERWATER..

      WE ASK PM MODI-- WORK FOR BHARATMATA , NOT YOUR JEWISH MASTERS..

      MODI, DO NOT ANTAGONIZE PUTIN.. IF PUTIN SELLS S400 MISSILE SHIELD TO PAKISTAN , WE CANNOT WIN ANY WAR..

      US/ ISRAELI ANTI-MISSILE SHIELD HAS ZERO PERCENT SUCCESS RATE AGAINST INCOMING HYPERSONIC MISSILES, WHILE S400 HAS 100% SUCCESS RATE..

      WE KNOW WHY MODI WANTS TO IMPORT USELESS US SHALE OIL FROM HALF WAY AROUND THE PLANET, WHEN WE CAN GET PRISTINE IRANIAN OIL AT OUR DOORSTEP.. USE IRANIAN SHIPS ON VOYAGE CHARTER..

      INDIA MUST MAINTAIN STRATEGIC CRUDE OIL RESERVES FOR WAR .. THE OIL COMMINGLED / BLENDED MUST BE COMPATIBLE -- LEST WE HAVE TO USE SHOVELS INSTEAD OF PUMPS..

      ALL BENAMI MEDIA CHANNELS ARE WARNING , IF MODI DOES NOT CUT DOWN INDIAs EMISSION OF CARBON DI OXIDE MILLIONS OF INDIANS WILL DIE DUE TO EXTREME HEAT WAVE..

      PARIS COP21 IGNORED POTENT GREENHOUSE GASES METHANE AND NITROUS OXIDE..

      If the GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL ( GWP ) is 1 for Carbon Dioxide, it is 302 for Nitrous oxide and 104 for Methane over a 20 year period…

      WE KNOW WHY MODI HAS CHOSEN CHITPAVAN JEW NAY BRAHMIN PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR AS INDIAs ENVIRONMENTAL MINISTER..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2018/12/poland-katowice-cop-24-global-warming.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/02/america-caused-global-warming-with_9.html

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF-
        PMO
        PM MODI
        NITI AYOG
        AMITABH KANT
        PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR
        I&B MINISTRY
        CJI GOGOI
        ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES
        ATTORNEY GENERAL
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        SWAMY
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        CMs OF ALL INDIAN STATES
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        PRESIDENT OF INDIA
        VP OF INDIA
        ANURAG THAKUR
        RAJEEV CHANDRASHEKHAR
        MOHANDAS PAI
        RAM MADHAV
        CLOSET COMMIE ARNAB GOSWMI
        RAJDEEP SARDESAI
        NAVIKA KUMAR
        ZAKKA JACOB
        ANAND NARASIMHAN
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        SONAL MEHROTRA KAPOOR
        VIKRAM CHANDRA
        NIDHI RAZDAN
        FAYE DSOUZA
        RAVISH KUMAR
        PRANNOY JAMES ROY
        AROON PURIE
        VINEET JAIN
        RAGHAV BAHL
        SEEMA CHISTI
        BARKHA DUTT
        SHEKHAR GUPTA
        SIDHARTH VARADARAJAN
        N RAM
        PRAKASH KARAT
        SITARAM YECHURY
        D RAJA
        ANNIE RAJA
        SUMEET CHOPRA
        DINESH VARSHNEY
        BRINDA KARAT
        JOHN BRITTAS
        KAMALAHASSAN
        SHOBHAA DE
        ARUNDHATI ROY
        RANA AYYUB
        SNEHLA RASHID
        SWARA TTTRR BHAKAR ( OR IS IT PRRR ?
        PAGALIKA GHOSE )
        EVERY HINDU ORGANISTAION
        RAHUL GANDHI
        SONIA GANDHI
        PRIYANKA VADRA
        RSS
        VHP
        AVBP

        SPREAD ON SOCIAL MEDIA

        Delete
      2. Your Registration Number is : PMOPG/E/2019/0342256
        Sent message on Army,IAF & Navys facebook page.

        Delete
    14. Capt. Ajit Vadakayil, is the internet and the entire West run by secret propaganda machine? How has Keanu Reeves suddenly become so popular? They even want to call him "internet's boyfriend", etc

      Who incites these propaganda's? All of these suddenly come out of nowhere but feel too random to be true.

      Also, there are some unknown agencies who suddenly receive millions of funding but having heard of them no where. But this is completely random.

      I want to know, because I experience this a lot. It feels like all major agencies are interlinked, etc

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. KEANU REEVES IS THE SON OF A LOW LIFE JEWESS.

        Delete
      2. The new Netflix movie - Always be my maybe - shows Keanu Reeves as himself, portrayed as a godlike celebrity whose very presence makes women say “apun dhannya hogaya”

        Delete
      3. Some people have found the random obsession a bit weird, suddenly happening out of no where, but this keeps on getting suppressed.

        Delete

    15. THE TIMES OF INDIA
      Dear Reader,
      Your comment on the article 'Filling Iran oil gap in India: US supplies outshine Middle East crude' is now displayed on timesofindia.com.
      'US WANTS INDIA TO MOTHBALL OUR ENORMOUS RESERVES OF COAL..
      TO ACHIEVE THIS THEY HAVE PUT PM MODI ON CHANNE KA JHAAD.. THE JEWS MADE MODI CHAMPION OF EARTH..
      US SHALE FRACKED OIL IS CHEMICAL LADEN AND SPOILS ALL MACHINERY..
      WE KNOW THE "INHEIN HATAAYIYE HAIMEIN LAH AAYIYE " MOMENT OF 1976 ( WITH MOSSAD/ CIA ) , WITH SOME INDIANS IN SARDARJEE HEAD GEAR..
      WHEN MANI SHANKAR AIYAR DID IT IN PAKISTAN , MODI WENT BALLISTIC.. HE MADE IT PERSONAL , AS A SUPARI FOR ASSASSINATION TO PUT FOG ..
      IRAN IS SHIA , PAKISTANI ARE SUNNI..
      IT IS GOOD TO HAVE IRAN AS A FRIEND..
      AMERICA IS UNRELIABLE AS AN ALLY.. IF WE BUY TOO MANY ARMS FROM USA, SANCTIONS ON SPARES WILL FOLLOW...
      MISSILE SHIELD FROM ISRAEL/ USA WILL NOT WORK AGAINST NATO NATIONS...
      SUBMARINES BOUGHT FROM NATO NATIONS CANNOT HIDE-- ALL NATO NATIONS CALL POLL IT UNDERWATER..
      WE ASK PM MODI-- WORK FOR BHARATMATA , NOT YOUR JEWISH MASTERS..
      MODI, DO NOT ANTAGONIZE PUTIN.. IF PUTIN SELLS S400 MISSILE SHIELD TO PAKISTAN , WE CANNOT WIN ANY WAR..
      US/ ISRAELI ANTI-MISSILE SHIELD HAS ZERO PERCENT SUCCESS RATE AGAINST INCOMING HYPERSONIC MISSILES, WHILE S400 HAS 100% SUCCESS RATE..
      WE KNOW WHY MODI WANTS TO IMPORT USELESS US SHALE OIL FROM HALF WAY AROUND THE PLANET, WHEN WE CAN GET PRISTINE IRANIAN OIL AT OUR DOORSTEP.. USE IRANIAN SHIPS ON VOYAGE CHARTER..
      INDIA MUST MAINTAIN STRATEGIC CRUDE OIL RESERVES FOR WAR .. THE OIL COMMINGLED / BLENDED MUST BE COMPATIBLE -- LEST WE HAVE TO USE SHOVELS INSTEAD OF PUMPS..
      ALL BENAMI MEDIA CHANNELS ARE WARNING , IF MODI DOES NOT CUT DOWN INDIAs EMISSION OF CARBON DI OXIDE MILLIONS OF INDIANS WILL DIE DUE TO EXTREME HEAT WAVE..
      PARIS COP21 IGNORED POTENT GREENHOUSE GASES METHANE AND NITROUS OXIDE..
      If the GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL ( GWP ) is 1 for Carbon Dioxide, it is 302 for Nitrous oxide and 104 for Methane over a 20 year period…
      WE KNOW WHY MODI HAS CHOSEN CHITPAVAN JEW NAY BRAHMIN PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR AS INDIAs ENVIRONMENTAL MINISTER..'

      ISRAEL WANTS A JEW TO RULE IRAN.. THEY TRIED THIS IN SYRIA AND FAILED DUE TO PUTIN..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/04/the-most-evil-journalist-capt-ajit.html

      THEY REMOVED MUSLIM MORSI AND INSTALLED JEW EL-SISI IN EGYPT..

      ReplyDelete
    16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fyko81WAvvQ

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9iKD7vuq-rY

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ubZuSZYVBng

      ReplyDelete
    17. Sir new BONGOLI with smoking some BONG is the new congress face. This blunt faced idiot is daring modi to jail rahul and sonia.

      ReplyDelete
    18. https://www.facebook.com/1268558203/posts/10217287235074084/

      PRAISE FOR DESH DROHI BASTARD ADMIRAL RAMDAS..

      THE WORST SOLD OUT FAMILY OF INDIA

      THAPARs COME A CLOSE SECOND.. BHASKARS COME THIRD..

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWnjUtZE-IM

      I ASK MY READERS-- DOWN VOTE THIS VIDEO-- CALL THE RAMDAS FAMILY AS THE WORST TRAITOR FAMILY OF INDIA..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. downvoted and commented..

        so far 37 downvotes and no upvotes.. tee hee

        Delete
      2. Downvoted the video..
        And also commented that Ramdas family is the worst traitor family in India..

        Thanks,
        Hemanth

        Delete
      3. Dear Captain, downvoted the video.

        Delete
      4. Downvoted
        up votes NIL
        down votes 55

        Delete
      5. done !!!!!

        THE RAMDAS FAMILY AS THE WORST TRAITOR FAMILY OF INDIA..

        DEEP STATE operative and Magsaysay award winner Ex-Chief of Naval Staff Admiral L Ramdas’s daughter Kavita Ramdas is senior advisor to the Ford Foundation's president, Darren Walker. Kavita baby married a Pakistani named Zulfiqar Ahmad.

        Both of Kavita's parents, Retd. Admiral L Ramdas and Lalita Ramdas, and her sister Sagari Ramdas have been closely associated with the Aam Aadmi Party through its core committee.

        http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2018/07/the-deep-state-and-shadow-government.html

        down votes 60

        Delete
      6. Gurunatha!! Down voted him..he is disgrace to Bharat!!!!

        Delete
      7. Dear Captain,
        Downvoted to 74 dislikes.

        Delete
      8. Down voted the video captain

        Delete
      9. Respected Sir , 261 downvotes , around 100 comments all negative , he'll know his worth.

        Delete

    19. SWARA BHASKAR IS A JNU COMMIE... SHE IS UNDER WATCH .... SWARA BHASKARs MOTHER IRA IS A JNU COMMIE PROFESSOR--WHO WAS SPECIALLY HANDPICKED BY A WHITE COMMIE COLLEGIUM.. SHE IS ALSO UNDER WATCH... HER FATHER RETIRED COMMODORE CHITRAPU UDAY BHASKAR IS A PERCEPTION MOLDER ON TV FOR NATIONAL SECURITY --DARLING OF NDTV..... HE IS A MANDH BUDDHI WHO KEEPS TALKING RUBBISH.... WE KNOW HOW HE GOT INTO ROTHSCHILDs UNITED SERVICES INSTITUTION .. HIS BOOKS ARE TRASH. ... WE KNOW HOW MANY HOURS COMMODORE UDAY BHASKAR ACTUALLY SAILED ON SHIPS ON OPEN SEA WATER .. .. JUST SHOWS WHAT OUR INDIAN NAVY IS WORTH..HE IS ALSO UNDERWATCH.... THIS FALL FAMILY ( LIKE THE THAPARS AND THE RAMDASs ) WILL SOON FACE THIS WATANs JUSTICE... INDIA IS A BIGGER EXPORTER OF LETHAL TERROR THAN PAKISTAN . . … COMMIE JNU STUDENT BABURAM BHATTARAI BECAME PM OF NEPAL AFTER THE NEPAL ROYAL FAMILY MASSACRE….. COMMIE JNU STUDENT ALI ZEIDAN BECAME PM OF LIBYA AFTER GADDAFFI WAS MURDERED ON THE STREETS….. .. WHY ARE THE POISONOUS JNU COMMIE PROFESSORS STILL FREE -- CALLING THEIR COMMIE STUDENTS COMRADES AND EXCHANGING LAL SALAAM GREETINGS?...... PURGE THE INDIAN BURAUCRACY OFF ALL ATHEIST COMMIES --ESPECIALLY JNU COMMIES…. COMMIES PRAKASH KARAT AND SITARAM YECHURY ARE ex-JNU STUDENT LEADERS…. WE KNOW THEIR ROLE…. DO A FEW NARCO TESTS AND YOU WILL KNOW --AJIT DOVAL LISTEN UP…. READ ALL 11 PARTS OF THE POST BELOW---.. Just Google . . . . . . . . ……. JNU DEN OF ANTI NATIONALS AND COMMUNIST CRIMINALS VADAKAYIL………. capt ajit vadakayil ..

      ReplyDelete
    20. General PN Thapar was Rothschild’s man.

      Romesh Thapar (1922–1987) was a commie journalist and political commentator. He was the founder-editor of the monthly journal Seminar, published from New Delhi, India.

      Romesh Thapar was the brother of Romila Thapar, the JNU Commie professor whom I have trashed in the garbage bucket list.

      General Pran Nath Thapar, Chief of Army Staff, was his Romesh Thapar’s father's brother, and the midget journalist Karan Thapar is his first cousin.

      According to childless Karan Thapar ANAL sex between men is an act of lobe -- nay-- love ! Obviously he never heard of animal LUST.

      Romesh Thapar was also related to the family of PM Nehru. Nehru's niece, the writer Nayantara Sahgal, was married to Gautam Sahgal, brother of Bimla Thapar, wife of Pran Nath Thapar.

      Rabidly anti-Modi, Nayantara Sehgal ( Sahitya academy returnee--below ) is daughter of Vijayalakshmi Pandit, Nehru’s sister.

      Oh how Rothschild and his media loves these commie Thapars !!

      During the Partition of India, Rothschild had made Thapar,the Director of Military Operations and Intelligence.

      Gen PN Thapar took over as Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army on 8 May 1961 and served until 19 November 1962. He was removed in the final days of the India China war, for demanding orders in black and white .

      What a crying disgrace !

      PM Nehru did NOT trust Gen PN Thapar ( father of Karan Thapar ) during the India China war.

      Getting back to commie Romesh Thapar ( JNU commie professor Romila Thapar’s brother ) –

      Commie Romesh Thapar's father Diwan Bahadur Kunj Behari Thapar ( uncle of Romila Thapar ) was Rothschild’s business partner and was a commission agent for the colonial British Indian Army during WW1.

      This explains the loyalty of Romila Thapar and Karan Thapar to Jew Rothschild.

      Commie Romesh Thapar was a journalist for Times of India. He was the original Lutyens DEEP STATE journalist. He also was associated with Indian People's Theatre Association --the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India.

      Till today nobody knows how Thapar family became so rich all of a sudden. I know !

      Commander K.M. Nanavati tried by the Bombay High Court ( bench trial ) convicted and sent to life imprisonment under Section 302 of the IPC for murdering his white wife’s lover Ahuja..

      Vijayalakshmi Pandit ( mother of Nayantara Sahgal and sister of Nehru) pardoned this murderer when she was governor of Bombay.

      In the case of Commander Nanavati who was held guilty of murder, the state governor gave him pardon although the minimum sentence for murder is life sentence.

      She had NO authority to pardon this man. The scope of the pardoning power of the Indian President under Article 72 is wider than the pardoning power of the state Governor under Article 161.

      The President can grant pardon in all cases where the sentence given is sentence of death but pardoning power of Governor does not extend to death sentence cases.

      Indira Gandhi cancelled DEEP STATE operative Nayantara Sahgal's scheduled appointment as India's Ambassador to Italy within days of her return to power ( she lost power after emergency ) .

      On 6 October 2015, Nayantara Sahgal returned her Sahitya Akademi Award to protest what she called "increasing intolerance” of PM Modi. Her books are packed with lies.

      Getting back to Romila Thapar.

      We ask the Modi govt to burn the poisonous commie books in the libraries of JNU Delhi and Brennan College Kannur ( Kerala atheist commie CM Pinarayi Vijayan’s college ).

      Romila Thapar wrote a book on Ashoka who never existed.. Ashoka who converted from BAAAAAD Hinduism to GOOOOOOD Buddhism was cooked up and backdated by Jew Rothschild.

      All Commie Romila Thapar’s books are packed with lies are worthless and fit only to be burnt. I have read all of them. For running down her watan, our culture and our history , Romila Thapar has received hajaaar kosher awards.

      ReplyDelete
    21. Sir ,doewnoted d video
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWnjUtZE-IM

      ReplyDelete
    22. JEW PRINCE RAJA RAVI VARMA WAS USED BY ROTHSCHILD TO PAINT ALL HIS FAKE BHAKTI MOVEMENT HEROES AND CHARACTER , TO REGULARIZE THEM.

      ROTHSCHILD CREATED THE RAJA RAVI VARMA COLLEGE OF FINE ARTS TO STRIKE AT THE ROOTS OF SANATANA DHARMA.

      THE FIRST PRINCIPAL WAS A COMMIE AND A RABID ANTI-HINDU PJ CHERIAN..

      TODAY ROTHSCHILD SPONSORS HIS PAINTING WHICH SELL AS HIGH AS 30 CRORES..

      TILL THE WHITE INVADER CAME TO INDIA THIYYA RULED KERALA..

      THEN SUDDENLY CRYPTO JEW VARMAS CRAWLED OUT OF THE WOOD WORK-- THEY BECAME RULERS OF KERALA AND THIYYAS WERE DEMOTED TO BE "TODDY TAPPING COCONUT TREE CLIMBING MONKEYS"..

      CHERAMAN PERUMAL WAS A THIYYA.

      KING MAHABALI WAS A THIYYA OF DANAVA CIVILIZATION WHICH PRECEEDED THE VEDIC CIVILIZATION FOR MILLENNIUMS...

      SAME HAPPNED TO MAHARS.. SHIVA WAS A MAHAR

      THE ROTHSCHILD MADE CHITPAVAN JEWS ( PESHWAS ) THE RULERS OF MAHARASHTRA.. MAHARS WERE REDUCED TO SHIT HOUSE CLEANING SCAVENGERS WITH BR AMBEDKARs CONNIVANCE..

      BR AMBEDKAR HIMSELF MARRIED A CHITPAVAN JEW NAY BRAHMIN WOMAN..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2015/10/the-only-dalit-freemason-of-india-capt.html



      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Capt,

        Please dont get angry!

        I have a curious question.
        Who were the rulers of Tamil Nadu??

        Was it Devars or Nadars or Mudaliyars or Chettiyars..etc..etc.?

        Or was it something else?

        Regards,
        S

        Delete
      2. Mahodaya,

        I watched 2009 Pazhassi Raja movie yesterday with subtitles on Hotstar.
        He is also from Varma family.

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pazhassi_Raja
        here you can see Painting of Pazhassi Raja by R agent Ravi Varma displayed in Pazhassi raja Museum, Kozhikkode.

        What is the catch captain?

        Delete
      3. http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/06/murder-of-pazhassi-raja-capt-ajit.html

        PAZHASSI RAJA WAS NOT A CRYPTO JEW VARMA.. HE WAS A THIYYA PRINCE..

        HE WAS FROM NORTH EAST CALICUT AREA, NOT THE PRESENT DAY KOTTAYAM OF SOUTH KERALA

        THE WHITE HISTORIAN NAMED HIM KERALA VARMA..

        Delete
      4. And the present jew Verma king is related to jew nizam of Hyderabad .Nizam of Hyderabad didn't have army or never had one .His aides did . The present so called king Verms is related to one of that aide , who is also directly related to Nizam of hyHyderab through marrisge.A pic where Nizam family members and others meeting Jinnah,this aide is seen leaning while standing blocking crouch with his hands.(I neither had any inclination and also am bad with names but i know through his ownown brot who is a gay also runs a small SAP classes as a cover and is also a doctor and what not. Much of the info was given by the daughter and her enthu friend of the Verma clan.In short two trusted covert and overt poddles who still had asay in their respective states and especially south India after Maino arrived into the scene.

        Delete
    23. Hi capt,

      All states must follow this. what you have been saying.

      https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bengaluru/digitised-property-cards-to-streamline-deals-nix-fraud/articleshow/69921322.cms

      “The project will ensure clarity in property transactions,” Moudgil said. “Should anyone have a dispute with the owner,UPOR records will help resolve the problem.”

      The UPOR project involves the digitisation of all land records through surveys of properties by drones. Officials will collect property documents from property owners to create a digital map of the city.


      ReplyDelete
    24. https://www.indiatoday.in/india/delhi/story/panama-papers-name-amitabh-bachchan-aishwarya-rai-among-500-indians-with-hidden-assets-316167-2016-04-04

      WE ASK..

      IS AISHWARYA RAI BHARATMATA ?..

      WHEN VIVEK OBEROI RE-TWEETED WRY HUMOUR INVOLVING AISHWARYA RAI, NCW CHAIPERSON AND SOME COLLEGIUM JUDGES JUMPED UP AND DOWN LIKE DEMENTED ORAGUNTANS...

      WHEN INDIRA GANDHI WAS KILLED A TALL MAN CRIED " KHOON KE BADLE KHOON" AND HE WAS THE MAIN PROVOKER..

      NOBODY TALKS ABOUT IT.. HE MUST BE " HIMALAY " RIGHT ?

      THIS TALL MAN KNEW HIS STEP SISTER WELL ..

      HISTORIANS HAVE RUN DOWN GANDHIs ELDEST SON HARILAL GANDHI.

      GANDHIs WAS A ROTHSCHILD GENT.. HE DID NOT LIKE HIS DESH BHAKT SON HARILAL WHO QUESTIONED HIS LOYALTIES TO BHARATMATA..

      GANDHI WAS SO UPSET WITH HARILAL ( FOR QUESTIONING HIS FATHERs PEDOPHILE SEXUAL ESCAPADES AND ILL TREATMENT OF HIS MOTHER KASTURBA ) THAT HE DECLARED THAT HE DOES NOT WANT HIM TO LIGHT HIS FUNERAL PYRE.

      IT IS A ROTHSCHILD LIE THAT HARILAL CONVERTED TO ISLAM AND NAMED HIMSELF ABDULLA..

      JEW MEDIA EVEN ACCUSED HARILAL OF RAPING HIS OWN DAUGHTER TO TOTALLY DISCREDIT HIM. A FAKE LETTER WAS PRODUCED FROM GANDHI TO HARILAL.

      IT IS A LIE THAT HARILAL WAS FOUND UNCONSCIOUS ON THE STREET OUTSIDE A WHOREHOUSE IN KAMTHIPURA .. THE FAKE AUTOPSY REPORT CLAIMED THAT HARILAL HAD SYPHILIS..

      THIS WHOREHOUSE WAS CREATED BY JEW ROTHSCHILD..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2014/02/devadasi-system-immoral-lie-of-temple.html

      WHEN PRAGYA THAKUR SPOKE AGAINST GANDHI , MODI SAID HE WILL NEVER FORGIVE HER..

      HULLO PM MODI-- WE THE PEOPLE DARE YOU TO HOLD A NATIONWIDE REFERENDUM " BWTEEN GANDHI AND GODSE , WHO WAS THE TRAITOR AND WHO WAS THE PATRIOT"..

      WE KNOW THE RESULT-- BY A OVERWHELMING MAJORITY..

      GODSE WAS A GAY CHITPAVAN JEW.. HE WAS DRESSED AS A GIRL WHILE IN SCHOOL.

      WHO CARES-- GODSE WAS A PATRIOT , SO SAYS CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL..!

      HARILAL GANDHI WAS A TRUE SON OF BHARATMATA.. ONLY WE WAS TOO WEAK TO CONFRONT HIS FATHER GANDHI ( WHO TOOK ON A JEWISH GAY LOVER ON HIS BED AFTER KICKING OUT HIS MOTHER ) , WHO HAD ROTHSCHILDs SUPPORT..

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qL4SBHLGCPg&list=UL7loD6jfJckk&index=18708

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/01/mahatma-gandhi-and-his-endless.html

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..



      ReplyDelete
    25. My Dear Captain,
      My Heartiest congratulations for your beautiful and soulful efforts in bringing back bharathmata's former glory...Sir one request from your follower and many more..can you put your blogs mission Statement in your powerful audio recording on YouTube...your voice itself will suffice,the intent ..it will be like a roar of a LION...and we can all cherish in the same.Pranams.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear followers, please request and appeal our dear Captain to let out the Lions voice...let it resound and resonate in the time comming...!

        Delete
      2. @Savithur, My thoughts here.. We can show our love and respect for Captain by staying in tune with his rhythm, and doing our part as per his instructions. That way Captain would be happy, since we all will be committing our self for the Motherland.

        Delete
      3. @Rakesh, yes we own it our Captain..he sets the sails..he Anchorages...he winds and unwinds..we need more voice here..for not HMV but for our Captains voice we seek..come on followers...seek..

        Delete
      4. We are his Voice. Be loud till you hear yourself roar...

        Participate in Capt.'s campaigns...Admiral Ramdas is a good starting point:
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWnjUtZE-IM

        Delete
    26. Sir

      https://medium.com/the-physics-arxiv-blog/why-physicists-are-saying-consciousness-is-a-state-of-matter-like-a-solid-a-liquid-or-a-gas-5e7ed624986d

      As you were saying..

      ReplyDelete
    27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpFSo2V2pEM

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGP6Y0Pnhe4

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P5_GlAOCHyE

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4nMYQhC6KA

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlGhxEUjs_k

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Sir, India to have its own space station!

        Delete
      2. Sir, Sunita Williams is xtian! Her accent is also foreign.

        Delete
    28. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8eVzvWWBnV0

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zJfO0B6TS7k&t=1718s

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/01/nostalgia-capt-ajit-vadakayil.html

        Delete
    29. Dear Capt Ajit sir,
      The west is aping your morning healthy intake of hot Lemon water and usage of coconut oil...is it better to drink or do oil pulling and spit it off ?

      " Dr. Gupta says: No one should die of cancer, except by carelessness; (1) The first step is to stop all sugar consumption, without sugar in the body, the cancer cell would die a natural death. (2) The second step is to mix a lemon in a cup of hot water and drinking it for 1-3 months will make the cancer go away ... according to research from the Maryland College of Medicine, it is 1000 times better than chemotherapy. (3) The third step is to drink 3 tablespoons of organic coconut oil, morning and night, and the cancer would disappear, you can choose any of the two therapies after avoiding the sugar. Ignorance is not an excuse; I have been sharing this information for more than 5 years. Let everyone around you know. God bless you. "Dr. Guruprasad Reddy BV, OSH STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY MOSCOW, RUSSIA We encourage every person who receives this newsletter to send it to ten other people, without a doubt at least one life will be saved ... I did my part, I hope I can help to do your part, thanks! ✍ Drinking hot water with lemon can prevent cancer Do not add sugar Hot lemon water is more beneficial than cold lemon water Hot lemon water kills cancer cells ✍ Add hot water 2-3 lemon slices Make it a daily drink The bitterness in hot water with lemon is the best substance to kill cancer cells Cold lemon water has only vitamin C, there is no prevention against cancer. Lemon hot water can control cancer tumor growth ✍ Clinical trials have shown that hot water with lemon works. ✍ This type of treatment with lemon extract will only destroy malignant cells. gnas, does not affect healthy cells.✍ Then ... citric acid and lemon polyphenol in lemon juice, can help reduce high blood pressure, ✍ effective prevention of deep vein thrombosis, improve blood circulation✍ and reduce blood clots. No matter how busy you are, please find the time to read this, and then share all of your contacts. @MIUI | https://m.facebook.com/vicentee.csrhuavilcazorrilla/posts/2200711306877068

      ReplyDelete
    30. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/sports/cricket/icc-world-cup/with-ball-arjun-tendulkar-helps-england-ahead-of-australia-clash/articleshow/69930273.cms

      LET ARJUN TENDULAKR PLAY FOR ENGLAND.. WE DONT WANT THIS USELESS FELLOW IN INDIAN TEAM..

      SACHINs MOTHER IN LAW ANNABEL IS 100% WHITE BRITISH --WITH MBE AWARD.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. This comment has been removed by the author.

        Delete
    31. KODIYERI BALAKRISHNAs SON BINOY IS ACCUSED OF RAPE

      HIS OTHER SON BINEESH RUNS BUSINESS OF KERALAs BILLIONAIRE RAVI PILLAI

      https://www.thenewsminute.com/keralas/369

      http://www.rptechsoft.com/about-rptechsoft.html

      http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2012/nov/19/cpm-sings-diverse-tunes-over-temple-trove-palace-land-425977.amp

      KC PILLAI WAS BORN IN POVERTY

      https://www.news18.com/news/india/cpi-leader-k-c-pillai-passes-away-430019.html

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._Ravi_Pillai

      ReplyDelete
    32. KODIYERI BALAKRISHNANs ( BORN IS UTTER POVERTY ) SON BINOY IS ACCUSED OF RAPE

      HIS OTHER SON BINEESH RUNS BUSINESS OF KERALAs BILLIONAIRE RAVI PILLAI- WITHOUT ANY QUALIFICATION..

      https://www.thenewsminute.com/keralas/369

      http://www.rptechsoft.com/about-rptechsoft.html

      http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2012/nov/19/cpm-sings-diverse-tunes-over-temple-trove-palace-land-425977.amp

      KC PILLAI WAS BORN IN POVERTY

      https://www.news18.com/news/india/cpi-leader-k-c-pillai-passes-away-430019.html

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._Ravi_Pillai

      https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kochi/all-that-jaas-did-dubai-co-lend-rs-13cr-to-binoy-kodiyeri/articleshow/62641270.cms

      ReplyDelete
    33. Captain. Sir.. Today is my janam. Din.. I won't ask for a deeksha.. Because I feel I haven't done enough yet at all.. For u or for country..

      But I. Hope through ur blogs i will soon learn how to outgrow vasanas. Vices.. Astrological hinderances and as u say

      Truly FORGE THE HINGES OF DESTINY ON MY OWN TERMS

      Spread the light of God and let his righteousness be through me. .while enjoying the pleasures of life as well. As per sanatana dharma

      🙏🌻

      ReplyDelete
    34. Date : 24th June 2019
      Time : Around 02:13 pm to 02:20 pm
      Channel : LokSabha TV

      Opposition Leader from INC, a bong was beating his chest taking pride by saying INC pioneered deshadrohi White and Green Revolution.

      ReplyDelete
    35. ttp://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/06/murder-of-pazhassi-raja-capt-ajit.html

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCE , FROM A KINGDOM CALLED "KOTTAYAM" NORTH EAST OF CALICUT, KERALA.. THE ORIGINAL MAP MADE BY THE BRITISH IS IN THE POST ABOVE..

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS NOT A CRYPTO JEW VARMA..

      THE ROTHSCHILD HISTORIAN NAMED HIM KERALA VARMA..

      SAME WAY THE ORIGINAL KOTTAKKAL VAIDYA SALA WAS NORTH OF ELATHUR OF CALICUT DISTRICT RUN BY THIYYAS -- NOT IN THE PRESENT DAY KOTTAKKAL 45 KM SOUTH OF CALICUT.

      ALL KERALA BALLADS OF KALARI WARRIOR VALOUR IS THIYYA VALOUR.. NOT NAIR VALOUR..

      HISTORY OF KERALA MUST BE RE-WRITTEN

      KING MAHABALI WAS A THIYYA..

      ARYABHATTA WAS NOT A BIHARI, HE WAS ARYAN BHATTATHIRIPPAD..

      BHATTATHIRIPPADS ARE MATH KNOWING CREAM OF KERALA NAMBOODIRIS..

      NAMBOODIRIS WERE SANSKRIT SPEAKING AND VEDA ORAL ROUTE KNOWING CREAM OF THIYYAS.

      THE DANAVA CIVILIZATION OF THIYYA KINGS MAHABALI / VIROCHANA/ HIRANYAKASHIPU PREDATED HE VEDIC CIVILIZATION BY SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS..

      KERALA THIYYAS WERE WORLD WIDE NAVIGATORS.. EGYPTIAN KINGS WERE PURE KERALA THIYYAS. ROMAN EMPERORS AND SENATORS WERE KERALA THIYYA MIXED BLOOD.

      MAYA DANAVA WAS A KERALA THIYYA..

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A PURE KERALA THIYYA WOMAN..

      FAMOUS ANCIENT QUEENS/ HEROINES QUEEN DIDO / QUEEN NEFERTITI / QUEEN OF SHEBA/ QUEEN HATSHEPSUT/ QUEEN CLEOPATRA/ MATH PROF HYPATHIA ETC ) WERE KERALA THIYYAS..

      THE MOTHER OF KING SOLOMON BATH SHEBA WAS A KERALA NAMBOODIRI.

      THE WIFE OF KING SOLOMON “QUEEN OF SHEBA “ WAS A KERALA THIYYA.

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCESS .. SHE WAS ALSO KNOWN AS THE WANDERING SEA QUEEN AS SHE SPENT HER TIME BETWEEN GLORIOUS ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS SHE FOUNDED -- CARTHAGE ( TUNISIA ) , CORDOBA ( SPAIN ) , ALEXANDRIA ( EGYPT ) , TRIPOLI ( LEBANON ) CYRENE ( LIBYA ) AND UGARIT ( SYRIA )..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      KERALA SAGES BUILD THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS AS PER VAASTU..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2016/10/eight-sided-pyramid-of-giza-egypt.html

      LIES WONT WORK..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/10/worst-racists-on-planet-earth-capt-ajit.html

      MALAYALAM IS THE SECOND OLDEST LANGUAGE ON THIS PLANET.. MALAYALAM IS NOT A TAPE WORM FROM THE STOMACH OF TAMIL..

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..




      PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
      MANOJ NIGHT SHYAMALAN ( HOLLYWOOD DIRECTOR )
      CM OF KERALA PINARAYI VIJAYAN
      VINOD BHATTATHIRIPAD ( WHO RUNS NAMBOODIR DOT COM )
      ALL MPs OF KERALA
      ALL MLAs OF KERALA
      ALL MINISTERs OF KERALA
      ALL COLLECTORS OF KERALA
      ALL MEDIA OF KERALA.
      MOHANLAL
      SURESH GOPI
      PADMA PILLAI
      NCERT
      EDUCATION MINISTER/ MINISTRY
      PMO
      PM MODI
      NITI AYOG
      AMITABH KANT
      I&B MINISTER
      PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR
      DGP OF KERALA
      HIGH COURT CHIEF JUSTICE OF KERALA
      SHASHI THAROOR

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Sir - Are Nairs Thiyyas ?

        Thanks

        Delete
      2. https://twitter.com/InventionsVedic/status/1143367184183259136?s=20

        Delete
      3. NAIRS ARE OFFSPRINGS OF NAMBOODIRIS --- WITH NO MATRIMONIAL ALLIANCE WITH THEIR MOTHERS..

        NAMBOODIRI FATHER WILL NOT TAKE CARE OF HIS OWN SON..

        THIS PROCESS IS CALLED SAMBANDHAM -- FREE FUCK ..

        IT DID NOT AMOUNT TO RAPE--AS THE WOMEN SUBMITTED WILLINGLY..

        http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/10/worst-racists-on-planet-earth-capt-ajit.html

        Delete
      4. Sir, I've put this comment in fb page of manoj shyamalan and sent this comment ernakulam, thiruvananthpuram, alappuzha and kollam disctrict collector on fb.

        Delete
      5. Sent the mails captain

        Delete
    36. https://indiandefencenews.info/list-of-people-who-signed-afzal-gurus-mercy-petition/

      THE WIFE OF ADMIRAL RAMDAS SIGNED THE MERCY PETITION AFZAL GURU..

      THE DAUGHTER OF ADMIRAL RAMDAS MARRIED A PAKISTANI-- YET HE WAS MADE CHIEF OF NAVAL STAFF.

      I DID A LITMUS TEST --

      ASKED MY READERS TO DOWN VOTE THE VIDEO BELOW--

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWnjUtZE-IM

      99.99% OF MY READERS WILL NOT SACRIFICE A DROP OF SWEAT FOR THE WATAN--LEAVE ALONE BLOOD..

      ALL SELFISH DESH DROHI COWARDLY BASTARDS..

      NO WONDER WE WERE SLAVES FOR 800 YEARS ..

      I DONT WANT THESE BASTARDS IN MY SITE ANYMORE-- STOP COMMENTING .. IF YOU DO IT THERE WILL BE SEVERE DIVINE RETRIBUTION..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear readers,

        For those who did not downvote. Now is the time, we ask you to do it right away. If you think you are coming here for time pass, please don't do it. Our Guruji has retired early to help India, has been dedicating himself 16+ hours in his blog daily, and in return what are you providing him ? Do you really think your timepass will help India ? Do you want India to be superpower or not ? Think again!

        I cannot imagine what guruji is going through right now. These must be 500 dislikes atleast.

        Don't be like a desh drohi mindset. We are not slaves anymore. Why the cowardness / lazyness? This is new India and new Bharat 🙏

        Delete
      2. Something is wrong with his Aura (Admiral Ramdas), He has a "Twisted" vibe to him

        Delete
      3. Done Captain.

        Usual all fluff while talking and twisted tongue.

        Delete
      4. done sir when I saw .. had not come on the website so did not know you had asked earlier too .. am trying to follow your teachings in real life than mindless reading so now less frequent visitor .. please forgive any lapses .. I try

        Delete
      5. commented too - greenpeace should ponder where it has landed with all its big talk and why .. when we were in college we used to appreciate the volunteers as people who were not self-centered like us but also willing to give something back to the community and world at large .. and now look where you are ?
        this is the reason why you are in this pickle .. you select the worst possible persons in the country .. people who are exposed as traitors and reviled by the general population … they propagate your agenda for some money without any shame … it is just your luck ( and good understanding of the native's disposition ) that these people are not tried .. even in west a man like him would be sentenced to rigorous punishment , forget Mideast where he would be hanged in public
        if any true believers of greenpeace are there , don't think that comments are paid or jingoistic rants … Indians tend to be loud and vociferous compared to west .. but they are not lying.. but this is the truth of those you select and who discredit you

        Delete
      6. They will disable comments soon enough!

        Delete
      7. Sir

        Downvoted the video.
        199th downvote..
        Maybe I didn't see your earlier comment to downvote the video.

        Delete
      8. Downvoted successfully. And Pradhan has blocked me on twitter.

        Delete
      9. Down voted, commented and reported.

        Delete
      10. I have already downvoted the video.

        Delete
      11. Some how I missed this down voting comment. Just down voted now the down votes are 225 upvotes are 0.

        Delete
      12. I could understand if this guy was asking India to try out different model of Nuclear reactor than the current planned model.

        But this moron is asking to harness SUN and TIDAL waves for nation like INDIA which is raring to rise and roaring in world economy.

        This guy wants India to sit and do "CHARKA GUMAO" for next 30 to 35 years.

        Delete
      13. Good evening Sir, down voted ramdas and have been sharing all recommended comments on fb, whatsapp and telegram.

        Delete
      14. 238 dislikes

        Asked him

        "Do you have a conscience?
        Why don't you tell us what nightmares you go through?"

        Delete
      15. Downvoted and commented earlier.

        Delete
      16. Downvoted and commented sir!

        Delete
      17. Downvoted the video very early and put a damaging comment. Even raided the facebook pages of Ramdas' family. Comment option in his wife's fb is inactive. Congratulated one of his grand daughters for being a member of India's worst trailer family.

        Delete
    37. Ajit Sir, My twitter account is now unsuspended.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Ravin, I tried your approach but am still stuck. Microsoft blocked my outlook email address which I had used to sign up on twitter as well. Worst case, I will share my phone number and get unblocked.

        Delete
      2. Mr. Karthik - When you are unblocked, please assign your gmail to your twitter acc.

        Delete
    38. Sir, I have downvoted youtube vid, upvoted my fellow people and commented.

      ReplyDelete
    39. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3_ws5OnUKg

      TRAITOR RAMDAS SUPPORTING TUKDE TUKDE GANG

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. downvoted with the following answer
        "Firstly the whole premise is wrong - Hindu nation is not an evil that we have to tiptoe around .. This portrayal right at the onset itself is wrong .. This is just as rational and natural a possibility as is the existence of the multitude of Christian, Islamic, Buddhist nations .. So the tone needs to be that of a rational debate only.

        Coming now to if and why has the need to arisen , the reasons are manifold and longstanding.

        1) In a hindu majority nation the laws cannot discriminate incessantly against the majority hindus in the name of a mythical form of secularism that does not and cannot exist anywhere ( the whole purpose being to supress even the basic rights of the majority )

        2) This is a state that imposes sharia in another form or imposes unequal rules on a non-muslim non-christian population and loots to give to the church so that its secular status in the west remains ( or so indian politicians believe) .. how long can this work? ..

        A hindu is a hindu and not muslim ( we have the 2nd largest muslim population in the world ) cos he does not believe in islamic fundamentals .... if he believed in sharia he would be a muslim period.....and that is also fine … but he is by his own will not a muslim.. so how can you then impose those on him ?

        3) How can a country be asked to not only forgive but worship its invaders .. and that too people who existed just 350-400 years ago and not in some past that is deemed mythical by west ( which is what matters to people like Ramdas )

        4) How can something be outlawed for hindus but at the same time flourish for christians?

        5) Why must paedophile Christian priests and padres and maulavis be let go to protect minority rights when for the same offence a Hindu priest is jailed and his followers murdered for rioting .. But a Christian riot becomes activism and Muslim right a law and order situation.
        How so?
        6) India is the biggest hub globally of cattle smuggling done most cruelly. Why is nothing being done by the state as per law ? Because most of the smugglers are Muslims and you do not want to be seen as cow-lynching country ? But if someone steals your property in West are there not reprisals and related deaths? Do the police stop patrolling because there are deaths while stopping home invasions? How long can you allow smugglers to go free? What about the cattle owners and policemen killed by them? If India stops being scared all the time of "what will people say" like a small town housewife and handles things as per the law, others will understand including Muslims ... But then India being a billion plus strong nation would rather be praised instead of being protecting a few of its citizens and their property .. there are more where they came from is it ?
        +

        Delete
      2. +
        And this list goes on ..

        These are questions we have swept away under the carpet to keep everyone happy ..

        But somewhere sometime this structure will crumble under its weight ..

        And now that this façade is crumbling there seems to be the expected cacophony



        This is not in response to this man but because it goes against the basic tenets of natural justice..

        A citizen should be a citizen .. Disproportionate powers to the minorities that too those existing in millions by hurting the majority is bound to create unnecessary conflicts ...

        Loudness of a minority community and their international clout cannot decide the law as people live their day to day lives in India and not the western activism hubs.
        All have to become equal and come under the ambit of law for the nation to flourish.



        As for this man , irrespective of his political affiliations his deeds have been inimical to the nation particularly considering the post he occupied .. Ideally he should have been tried and sentenced had we not been a banana republic beholden to the moneyed and the West..



        But in the larger view he is a non-entity .. the question of the post-independence lopsided Christo-islamic Indian nation will have to be answered sooner rather than later ..
        Especially since even now at least 50% population is Hindu and cannot simply be wished away ..
        So if to be equally just to all including the majority it has to be a Hindu nation , maybe we should consider it ..
        And even if we do not there is a need to stop taunting that 'Hindu India will be a Pakistan' .. Because the hard fact is if it had been such a cruel religion , it would not have allowed a minority to form Pakistan in the first place .. So keep that kind of useless rhetoric away "

        Delete
    40. https://twitter.com/DrGPradhan/status/1143310125886656512

      CONMAN HALWAI DOCTOR GAURAV PRADHAN ARRANGES FAKE POLLS FOR HIS OWN GLORY..

      THIS FELLOW IS UNEMPLOYED --

      ALL HIS PAST HOTEL STAYS / TRAVEL EXPENSES MUST BE AUDITED..

      HIS GULLIBLE READERS HAVE PAID FOR IT..

      ASK HIM WHICH IS THIS INTERNATIONAL FIRM..

      HE WILL DELETE YOUR TWEET AND BLOCK YOU..

      SO PUT THE ABOVE COMMENT IN THE TWITTER SITES OF HIS FOLLOWERS WHO HAVE CONGRATULATED HIM FOR BRINGING GLORY TO INDIA..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Have asked him on Facebook. Those blocked on Twitter can do the same.

        Delete
      2. https://twitter.com/Sashwatdharma/status/1143391691329564673
        https://twitter.com/Sashwatdharma/status/1143392245577441280

        Delete
      3. https://mobile.twitter.com/sangeethika/status/1143514940554137600

        Delete
    41. I now see 117 downvotes and 0 upvotes for the video, Captain

      ReplyDelete
    42. Downvoted and commented on the video, Captain.

      ReplyDelete
    43. Dear sir,

      You country deserves much better. We the people shall make it happen on our own terms.

      Apurva

      ReplyDelete
    44. PRANAAM CAPT,
      Today is my birthday. Need your blessing 🙏🏻

      ReplyDelete
    45. Case closed and remarks received as File from PMO regarding Govt Hospital Medical Audit Checklist.

      ReplyDelete
    46. Sir,
      I have also asked you about dhanurvidya pl reply

      ReplyDelete
    47. Sir, downvoted the YouTube video

      ReplyDelete
    48. Dear Sir Posted on Twitter https://twitter.com/Ashahere/status/1143419615982174209?s=19

      Tagged Mr.Sarangi and Rakesh Krishnan Simha a journalist. I hope they'll definitely read this.

      ReplyDelete
    49. http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/karnataka/2019/jun/24/karnataka-students-on-a-green-mission-to-cover-barren-hills-with-seed-balls-1994383.html

      Using local native plants tamarind soap nut neem.etc

      ReplyDelete
    50. Sir,
      Everything is possible.
      If modi really want to gave 15 lakh to everyone than he must empower justice system of India.
      There should be instance justice.
      This will also crush mobocracy.

      ReplyDelete
    51. https://photogallery.indiatimes.com/celebs/international/amanda-cernys-pictures/articleshow/69937777.cms

      MIDGET VINEET JAIN IS VERY HAPPY THAT CHITPAVAN JEW PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR IS I&B MINISTER..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Jews are really Satan's minions. Always carrying out an agenda of degrading society. Working on the lower chakras so you can't go higher. The devil at work.

        Delete
    52. Times now news channel busy whipping up campaign about deaths in Bihar due to encephalitis , water shortage in village showing Nitish kumar as an insensitive villain who is filing cases against the protestors.

      Other states are all well governed Ram rajyas!

      R tv is busy campaigning against Khattar govt for considering parole for the jailed dera sacha sauda chief saying no parole to rapists.
      No coverage on the Kerala bishop who raped nuns.

      So naked in their agendas...

      ReplyDelete
    53. Meanwhile the Shah of BJP wants to give reservation to border residents of Kashmir for jobs and education ...

      Here we have a country given away as an inheritable estate for perpetuity.

      ReplyDelete
    54. Elderly Ajit Sir,

      You and your friends look very happy there. It's a happy photo.

      I am happy to see you happy.

      Joy, Happiness and gratitude to you. :-)

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Pranaam Guruji

        Yes, Good To See You Happy With Your Friends. Love That Pic As Well As The Quote Below.

        Thanks And Regards
        Debdoot Sarkar

        Delete
      2. Respected Sir,
        One rarely gets to see a smiling pic of yours!! Great pic sir!!
        The video of "clear thinking" was ironically hilarious sir....it did ring a bell but that's all in the past I guess....
        Thank you

        Delete
    55. Sir

      Just now I saw 216 downvotes and 71 comments.
      But after some time I see 198 downvotes and 66 comments.

      ReplyDelete
    56. Mike pompeo declares India unsafe for minority community asks government to safe guard their rights.

      Like clock work about 48 hours later we get news of a man suspected of robbery lynched by a "Hindu" mob in Jharkhand for not saying a religious slogan ...

      Such well oiled nexus exists to follow their masters command or was it just a fluke ...

      The issue gets raised in parliament too!

      Today if a mob catches a thief belonging to a minority community and beats him up India is unsafe for minorities?

      Are all Muslims being beaten up all over and queuing outside pompeo 's door for a visa to emigrate ??


      So much bias exists !

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. INDIA DOES NOT CARE FOR USA..

        I HAVE SEEN MUSLIMS BEING TREATED WORSE THAN CATTLE BY US AIRPORT ARRIVAL IMMIGRATION..

        THE REASON IS- AS A MERCHANT NAY CAPTAIN, I HAVE TO SIT IN THE "ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT" HALL, TILL MY US AGENT CONTACTS THE IMMIGRATION AND VOUCHES THAT I AM INDEED A LEGAL ARRIVAL TO JOIN A SHIP, AND THAT HE WILL PICK ME UP PERSONALLY..

        THIS HALL IS FULL OF MUSLIMS..

        THEY DONT SWEEP THIS HALL AND GARBAGE LIES EVERYWHERE ..

        ONCE IN A WHILE A US IMMIGRATION BLACK WOMAN WILL COME IN AND TELL LOUDLY ( DELIBERATELY ) OH IS THIS PLACE HAVING ANIMALS OR HUMANS.. OOHH I AM SORRY--

        AND THEN SHE WILL WALK AWAY , SHE HAS DONE HER JOB OF HUMILIATING US..

        EVERY INCH OF THE HALL IS COVERED BY HIDDEN VIDEO CAMS .

        Delete
    57. Sir

      https://youtu.be/Pia_xXqfq0o

      Scalar waves causing earthquake in COD..

      ReplyDelete
    58. Sir

      https://youtu.be/_SKp-9P_ve4

      You had said before that Army should use sound canon..

      ReplyDelete
    59. Sir, just saw this comment of yours.

      Downvoted...commented as traitor

      ReplyDelete
    60. https://m.timesofindia.com/life-style/spotlight/is-gay-marriage-a-reality-in-india/articleshow/69928813.cms

      ReplyDelete

    61. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-meets-conditions-for-us-waiver-on-s-400-cant-wish-away-defence-ties-with-russia/articleshow/69945162.cms

      US ANTI-MISSILE SYSTEM HAS ZERO SUCCESS RATE AGAINST INCOMING HYPERSONIC MISSILES..

      ON THE CONTRARY RUSSIAN S400 HAS 100% SUCCESS RATE..

      US / ISRAELI MISSILE SYSTEMS WILL NOT WORK AGAINST NATO NATIONS..

      INDIA DOES NOT CARE FOR USA..'

      ReplyDelete
    62. those reading this blog -i wud humbly request pl participate in captains campaigns .The real fact is we hindus hv still not got independence. We r getting screwed in our own land .All these so called liberals, politicians, historians r actually anti hindus in disguise .D problem with us hindus is we tolerate everything n everyone. No one has d guts to put these rabidly anti hindus in place . Captain is trying to fill up this lack in us by showing us our true history n our glorious past. In other words captain is trying to wake us up from our slumber. He puts in a lot of sacrifices for bharatmata to write these blogs .He does not benefit monetarily (if he wud hv monetarised he wud hv been a billionaire by now) Like a true son of bharat varsha he does it for free. His each n every blog is a mindblowing masterpiece .He is d no. 1 blogger in d world with d highest readership . Despite this he has no qualms in closing down this blogsite -shows he is not after fame n money but to re awaken brainwashed indians n self-loathing-hindus in particular. He doesnt tell us to pick up arms but to fight in a peaceful way

      THE OPPOSITE OF GOOD IS NOT EVIL .THE OPPOSITE OF GOOD IS APATHY

      Jai Hind n Humble Salute To This Great Soul named Capt. Ajit Vadakayil

      ReplyDelete
    63. Super pic Dear Capt!

      Seen you smile after a long time..

      Seems like you were holding back the tears in your eyes!!

      Heartwarming to see you smiling!!


      Honour and Gratitude,
      S

      ReplyDelete
    64. Namaste

      I opened that "clear thinking" video expecting some gyaan that would make me go "wow".

      That made me go LOL instead! :D

      ReplyDelete
    65. Respected Sir,
      Sir is lord Nagaraja a celestial naga.
      Who is the king of all Nagas sir--is it Vasuki.is Anantha and Seshnag one and the same.kindly give a generous comment sir.
      Thank you

      ReplyDelete
    66. https://www.reddit.com/r/india/comments/c2tofs/a_blog_that_finds_antiindia_and_antihindu_people/

      DESH DROHI ASSES ARE ON FIRE !

      TELL THEM THEIR TRAITOR ASSES ARE ON THE LINE OF THE LAW !!..

      TELL THEM RAGHURAM RAJAN COULD NOT THRIVE IN INDIA, BECAUSE HIS FATHERs NAME WAS IN THE DESH DROHI DATABASE..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Acharya too has resigned his rbi job.

        Delete
      2. Oats are being marketed as a healthy breakfast.
        Had some ,found it sticky and quite heavy n filling.
        Equal amounts of bulgar wheat similarly cooked isn't as heavy.

        Modified gm food being sold?

        Delete
      3. Shraddheya Shri Gurudev

        Commented twice now in the comment section , but the comment doesn't show up .

        I can see it when am logged in , but once logged out the comment can't be seen.

        Dunno either am doing something wrong , or the comment is being censored .


        Pranam

        Delete
      4. Raktim bhai, same here. My comment is also not appearing when I look at it while being logged out.

        Something up there.

        Delete
      5. Captain,

        everything that makes to top of below subreddit is how the benami media operate and organize their circlejrk propaganda
        https://old.reddit.com/r/worldnews/

        REDD1T is the ultimate echochamber for the DESHDR0HIs
        r/india is where they all meetup and fart around

        Delete
      6. R/India is full of deshdrohis, anyone who disagrees with them or says something which doesn't suit their agenda is heavily downvoted or their account is blocked from commenting.

        Delete
    67. Capt. Ajit VadakayilJune 25, 2019 at 8:12 AM
      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2012/06/murder-of-pazhassi-raja-capt-ajit.html

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCE , FROM A KINGDOM CALLED "KOTTAYAM" NORTH EAST OF CALICUT, KERALA.. THE ORIGINAL MAP MADE BY THE BRITISH IS IN THE POST ABOVE..

      PAZHASSI RAJA WAS NOT A CRYPTO JEW VARMA..

      THE ROTHSCHILD HISTORIAN NAMED HIM KERALA VARMA..

      SAME WAY THE ORIGINAL KOTTAKKAL VAIDYA SALA WAS NORTH OF ELATHUR OF CALICUT DISTRICT RUN BY THIYYAS -- NOT IN THE PRESENT DAY KOTTAKKAL 45 KM SOUTH OF CALICUT.

      ALL KERALA BALLADS OF KALARI WARRIOR VALOUR IS THIYYA VALOUR.. NOT NAIR VALOUR..

      HISTORY OF KERALA MUST BE RE-WRITTEN

      KING MAHABALI WAS A THIYYA..

      ARYABHATTA WAS NOT A BIHARI, HE WAS ARYAN BHATTATHIRIPPAD..

      BHATTATHIRIPPADS ARE MATH KNOWING CREAM OF KERALA NAMBOODIRIS..

      NAMBOODIRIS WERE SANSKRIT SPEAKING AND VEDA ORAL ROUTE KNOWING CREAM OF THIYYAS.

      THE DANAVA CIVILIZATION OF THIYYA KINGS MAHABALI / VIROCHANA/ HIRANYAKASHIPU PREDATED HE VEDIC CIVILIZATION BY SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS..

      KERALA THIYYAS WERE WORLD WIDE NAVIGATORS.. EGYPTIAN KINGS WERE PURE KERALA THIYYAS. ROMAN EMPERORS AND SENATORS WERE KERALA THIYYA MIXED BLOOD.

      MAYA DANAVA WAS A KERALA THIYYA..

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A PURE KERALA THIYYA WOMAN..

      FAMOUS ANCIENT QUEENS/ HEROINES QUEEN DIDO / QUEEN NEFERTITI / QUEEN OF SHEBA/ QUEEN HATSHEPSUT/ QUEEN CLEOPATRA/ MATH PROF HYPATHIA ETC ) WERE KERALA THIYYAS..

      THE MOTHER OF KING SOLOMON BATH SHEBA WAS A KERALA NAMBOODIRI.

      THE WIFE OF KING SOLOMON “QUEEN OF SHEBA “ WAS A KERALA THIYYA.

      QUEEN DIDO WAS A KERALA THIYYA PRINCESS .. SHE WAS ALSO KNOWN AS THE WANDERING SEA QUEEN AS SHE SPENT HER TIME BETWEEN GLORIOUS ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS SHE FOUNDED -- CARTHAGE ( TUNISIA ) , CORDOBA ( SPAIN ) , ALEXANDRIA ( EGYPT ) , TRIPOLI ( LEBANON ) CYRENE ( LIBYA ) AND UGARIT ( SYRIA )..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      KERALA SAGES BUILD THE EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS AS PER VAASTU..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2017/05/land-of-punt-ophir-and-sheba-is-north.html

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2016/10/eight-sided-pyramid-of-giza-egypt.html

      LIES WONT WORK..

      http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2011/10/worst-racists-on-planet-earth-capt-ajit.html

      MALAYALAM IS THE SECOND OLDEST LANGUAGE ON THIS PLANET.. MALAYALAM IS NOT A TAPE WORM FROM THE STOMACH OF TAMIL..

      capt ajit vadakayil

      ReplyDelete
    68. Guruji,
      There seems to be a competition between bjp and Congress about religious lynchings and mob violence reporting.
      Both political party goons are attacking innocent people and reporting/recording as hate crime and communal violence.
      This is too much of Hegelian dialect.
      Congress and libtards come out with Muslims being attacked and BJP with Hindus being attacked by Muslims.
      There seems to be a spurt of politically motivated lynchings for mileage. (5 crore scholarships to Muslims for attacking Hindus)
      I am damn sure this will only continue to rise with time.
      There is no semblance of law and order anywhere in the country.
      Par Modi Miya will not utter a word about it nor Amit Shahi will not do anything but laugh like mutley the dog.
      Looks like Hindus have to take matters into their own hands instead of relying on gujju jains who sold hindu rashtra to Jews to plunder while they create chaos...
      I think it's high time that you reveal the 1976 fancy dress party.
      Iam onto self defence with weapons ( my picture) for any such situation.
      Uniting hindu youth for own protection.
      All hindu youth are being moulded into napunsaks. I have decided to act in that direction. Please guide me forever through blogs and through intent. Please let me know if iam hasty or wrong.

      ReplyDelete
    69. this is too much now by times of india ..... not suitable for children and women to view

      day by day they are crossing the barrier and they are testing their limits.

      Playboy model and actress Amanda Cerny’s Instagram pictures will surely leave you asking for more!
      https://photogallery.indiatimes.com/celebs/international/amanda-cernys-pictures/articleshow/69937777.cms

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. https://photogallery.indiatimes.com/celebs/international/amanda-cernys-pictures/articleshow/69937777.cms

        THIS IS WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU HAVE A CHILDLESS FELLOW AS THE PM ..

        HOMOSEXUAL SMUT CAME INTO INDIA WHEN CHILDLESS VAJPAYEE BECAME PM..

        AND WE HAVE CHITPAVAN JEW NAY BRAHMIN PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR AS THE I&B MINISTER.. CHILDLESS MIDGET VINEET JAIN IS VERY HAPPY..

        RSS HAS BEEN PROMOTING HOMOSEXUALITY.. NOT OE SINGLE RSS CHIEF MARRIED TILL NOW.. ALL WORKING FOR THEIR JEWISH MASTERS..

        PERFECT COMBINATION..

        capt ajit vadakayil
        ..

        PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF-
        PMO
        PM MODI
        PRAKASH JAVEDEKAR
        I&B MINISTRY
        AMIT SHAH
        HOME MINISTRY
        AJIT DOVAL RAW
        CBI
        IN
        NIA
        ED
        PRESIDENT OF INDIA
        VP OF INDIA
        NITI AYOG
        AMITABH KANT
        RSS
        VHP
        AVBP
        EDUCATION MINISTER
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        CMsOF ALL STATES
        DGPsOF ALL STTES
        LAW MINISTRY
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        ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES
        PRESIDENT OF INDIA
        VP OF INDIA
        SPEAKER LOK SABHA
        SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
        SOIA GANDHI
        RAHUL GANDHI
        ALL HINDU ORGs

        Delete
      2. https://twitter.com/InventionsVedic/status/1143718629394882565?s=20

        Delete
    70. https://www.indiaspend.com/a-rs-56000-cr-afforestation-fund-threatens-indias-indigenous-communities/


      In India, projects that necessitate the use of forest areas for non-forest purposes, such as mining and infrastructure projects, are required by law to undertake ‘compensatory afforestation’ (CA) on an equivalent piece of non-forest land, or double the expanse of ‘degraded forest’ land.

      In the past, forest departments have largely created monoculture plantations of non-indigenous, commercial species such as eucalyptus, acacia and teak under compensatory afforestation projects.

      The government counts such plantations as forests.

      The plantation scheme is a component by which the government maintains that it is increasing forests, thus fulfilling a key commitment under the 2015 Paris Climate agreement to counter climate change by creating carbon sinks.

      Tribal subsistence farmers claim they are being evicted from their land to make way for these forest plantations.

      ReplyDelete
    71. Dear Captain,

      Hibi Eden, Member of Parliament from INC in Ernakulam, Kerala. Former NSUI President.

      Twitter @HibiEden

      and Dr.Umesh Jadhav | BJP | MP for Kalaburagi Lok Sabha constituency |

      asked question on "Promotion of Organic Farming" to which Govt has responded
      see below
      http://loksabhaph.nic.in/Questions/QResult15.aspx?qref=465&lsno=17

      https://www.jaivikkheti.in/

      I have tweeted both of them to refer to your blog on this important matter.

      https://twitter.com/rawatsrajesh/status/1143698566407315457

      ReplyDelete
    72. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWnjUtZE-IM

      SEE THE FACE OF EVIL..

      AFTER NINE YEARS , THE YOUTUBE VIDEO ABOVE COULD NOT GET A SINGLE "UPVOTE" ...

      DESPITE HIS DAUGHTER MARRYING A PAKISTANI MUSLIM, THIS FELLOW RAMDAS WAS MADE CHIEF OF NAVAL STAFF..

      ALL HIS DAUGHTERS WERE GREEN CARD HOLDERS.

      HE WAS NOT PRIVY TO THE NATIONS NUCLEAR SECRETS WHEN HE WAS NAVY CHIEF .. THE NAVY HATES HIM...

      THIS ENTIRE RAMDAS FAMILY IS FOREIGN FUNDED.

      ADMIRAL RAMDASs DAUGHTER KAVITA IS MARRIED TO A PAKISTANI ZILFIQAR AHMED -- SHE IS ADVISOR TO DESH DROHI FORD FOUNDATION..

      HIS WIFE LALITA BROUGHT DESH DROHI GREENPEACE TO INDIA...

      SHE WAS IN THE FOREFRONT OF KUNDANKULAM NUCLEAR PROTESTS DESH DROHI MAGSAYSAY AWARD WINNER ADMIRAL

      L RAMDAS WAS MADE CHIEF OF NAVY BY FOREIGN FORCES....

      CORE DESH BHAKTS WITHIN NAVY DID NOT TELL HIM INDIAs NUCLEAR NAVAL MIGHT...

      L RAMDAS SUPERSEDED SENIOR ADMIRAL S JAIN ( WHO IS FROM DUFFERIN MY ALMA MATER ) – RAMDAS ACTIVELY LOBBIED WITH DEFENCE MOS RAJA RAMANNA AND DEFENCE MINISTRY BABUS..

      FOC-IN-C EAST, VICE-ADMIRAL L. RAMDAS, WAS PRESENT AT SEA ON INS MAGAR DURING THE PEACE TIME EXERCISES IN WHICH ANTI-SUBMARINE SHIP INS ANDAMAN SANK ON 22ND AUG 1990.

      RAMDAS HAD OVERALL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE FLEET. FIFTEEN CREW LOST THEIR LIVES..

      WHEN CHANDRASEKHAR WAS PM, HE ( WHO WAS ALSO DEFENCE MINISTER ) WAS NOT PRIVY TO THE SECRETS OF INDIAN NUCLEAR MIGHT -- HE WAS DENIED INFORMATION BY THE CORE DESH BHAKTS

      http://y2u.be/sWnjUtZE-IM

      WE KNOW THE THAPARS ( ROMILA THAPAR FAMILY ) , THE BHASKARS ( SWARA BHASKAR FAMILY ) , THE RAMDASs -- I CAN WRITE A BOOK ON EACH OF THESE FAMILIES

      THEY ARE MANY SUCH FALL FAMILIES UNDER WATCH.. INDIA HAD SOME PMs AND DEFENCE MINISTERS IN PAYROLL OF FOREIGN FORCES..

      WE KNOW WHO THEY ARE I ONCE RECEIVED AN AWARD FROM SLIMY ADMIRAL L RAMDAS – I NOTICED DARK SPOTS IN HIS AURA..

      AFTER THE CEREMONY I GOT INTO A TAXI , ASKED HIM TO DRIVE TO THE FILTHIEST GUTTER OF COCHIN -AND I DUMPED IT AFTER THAT I CAME BACK TO MY SHIP AND HAD A LONG BATH ..

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
        DEFENCE MINISTER RAJNATH SINGH
        DEFENCE MINISTRY
        ALL3 DEFENCE CHIEFS
        AMIT SHAH
        HOME MINISTER
        AJIT DOVAL
        RAW
        CBI
        IB
        NIA ED
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        PMO
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        DGPs OF ALL STTES
        LAW MINISTRY
        LAW MINISTER PRASAD
        CJI GOGOI
        ATTORNEY GENERAL
        ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES

        Delete
      2. https://twitter.com/InventionsVedic/status/1143725265232621568?s=20

        Delete
      3. https://twitter.com/shree1082002/status/1143740458692038657

        Delete
    73. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoba_meteorite

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lJwXquFpHw

      IRIDIUM IS ALWAYS INHERENT IN BLACK SHIVA LINGAMS

      ALL IRIDIUM ON PLANET EARTH CAME FROM METEORITES

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9CUrJrZI4g0


      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lGy1vGnYAak

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Capt Ajit sir,
        How do we check if a Shiva Lingam is made of meteorite stone or ordinary stone ? Because there are hundreds of Shivalingams in Shalmala river near Sirsi. https://www.bhaskar.com/news/JM-TID-thousand-shivling-in-shalmala-river-5656357-PHO.html
        Also, near Pavagada, there's a place called Hemavathi where there are huge Shivalingams of the sizes seen in Hampi, lying unused and temples structures fallen and kept shabby. Can we do a quick check whether it contains iridium and is made of meteorite and inform ASI/Govt to protect them ?

        Delete
    74. Dear Sir,

      Please have a look at this.

      In my city we use desalinated water and it is not very good. It's very hard and is causing various problems.
      https://mobile.twitter.com/danielocarmon/status/1143588211903668225

      Is this going to be good for us?

      Best regards,
      Apurva

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. AT SEA WE GENERATE FRESH WATER FRO SALT WATER BY FLASH EVAPORATION..

        Delete
    75. http://www.sify.com/news/kerala-hc-allows-screening-of-anand-patwardhan-s-vivek-news-national-tgzqEndihdebd.html

      COMMIE ANAND PATWARDHAN IS SPONSORED BY THE JUDICIARY..

      WE NEED TO GET RID OF ANTI-HINDU MAGISTRATES / JUDGES FROM OUR JUDICIARY.. THANK GOD FOR THE JNU INCIDENT..

      LIKE HOW URBAN NAXALS HAVE BECOME JOURNALISTS -- SAME IS GOING ON IN JUDICIARY..

      ANY OUT OF WORK COMMIE LAWYER CAN BECOME A JUDGE EASILY IN INDIA ..

      ALMOST ALL RATIONALISTS OF INDIA ARE FOREIGN FUNDED .. THEY ONLY ATTACK SANATANA DHARMA..THIS IS WHAT THE FOREIGN FUNDS ARE FOR..

      SANATANA DHARMA IS ADVANCED QUANTUM PHYSICS.. WE DONT NEED RATIONALISTS TO SAVE HINDUS..

      THESE TECHNICALLY ILLITERATE RATIONALISTS LIKE UR ANANTHAMURTHY / GIRISH KARNAD/ PANSARE/ KALBURGI/ DHABHOLKAR / GAURI LANKESH/ PRAKASH RAJ / KAMALHASSAN BR AMBEDKAR/ MAHATMA PHULE EVR PERIYAR AND THEIR ILK WILL NEVER UNDERSTAND THIS..

      WE KNOW WHY THE FOREIGN FUNDED COMMIE ANAND PATWARDHAN GETS INERNATIONAL AWARDS..

      CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL SAYS-- EACH AND EVERY AWARD HIS PATHETIC FELLOW ANAND PATWARDHAN HAS RECEIVED IS UNDESERVED.. HE GETS AWARDS ONLY FOR ATTACKING SANATANA DHARMA..

      SANATANA DHARMA IS NOT SO FLIMSY-- THAT A BILLION ANAND PATWARDHANs CAN BRING IT DOWN..

      ANAND PATWARDHAN IS A BENAMI MEDIA AND ILLEGAL COLLEGIUM JUDICIARY DARLING.. WE KNOW THE TRAITORS FROM WITHIN..

      AND HULLO PM MODI-- WE DONT NEED THE "VISHWAS" OF THESE FOREIGN FUNDED TRAITORS..

      NOBODY HAS UNDERSTOOD SANATANA DHARMA SINCE ADI SHANKARACHARYA 4000 YEARS AGO..

      CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL WILL RESURRECT SANATANA DHARMA..

      MEAN WHILE WE ASK THE TRAITORS ( BECAUSE OF SUCH TRAITORS BHARATMATA WAS IN CHAINS FOR 800 YEARS ) -- READ THE POST BELOW..

      https://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2019/06/archived-questions-to-quora-from-capt_15.html

      I HAVE REACHED QUESTION NO 1426 ( TO QUORA ) OUT OF 10,000.

      capt ajit vadakayil
      ..


      ReplyDelete
    76. PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
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      SPREAD ON SOCIAL MEDIA

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Tweeted to them.

        Put this comment in fb pages of manoj abraham and pbnooh collector.

        Delete
      2. Email ids of few IAS and IPS officers --

        ksdgp@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        digpctrs@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        igperdng@sancharnet.in
        vgcd588@hotmail.com
        shalini.duhan@ias.gov.in
        nitinsangwan@gmail.com
        bhavya.verma@ias.gov.in
        navnath.gavhane@ias.gov.in
        dev.choudhary@ias.gov.
        milind.bapana@ias.nic.in
        dineshgurav2004@gmail.com
        prashantjilova@gmail.com
        mirant.parikh@gmail.com
        surabhigautam21@gmail.com
        swapnilkhare1992@gmail.com
        gssgrp121@gmail.com
        manishgurwani@ias.gov.in
        sdm-rural-raj@gujarat.gov.in
        tejas.parmar@ias.gov.in
        prantrural@gmail.com
        ravindrakhatale@gmail.com
        dev.choudhary@ias.gov.in
        navnath.gavhane@ias.gov.in
        bhavya.verma@ias.gov.in
        nitinsangwan@gmail.com
        vgcd588@hotmail.com
        sdmthasra@gujarat.gov.in
        mihir_3131@live.com
        po-talaja-bav@gujarat.gov.in
        prantkapadwanj@gmail.com
        prantvansda@gmail.com
        prantnvs@gmail.com
        pokalol2011@gmail.com
        ddo-por@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-raj@gujarat.gov.in
        ddomahisagar@gmail.com
        ddo-jun@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-botad@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-nar@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-chhotaudepur@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-jam@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-kut@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-bav@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-and@gujarat.gov.in
        msme@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-arv@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-ahd@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-bha@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-dev@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-sab@gujarat.gov.in
        ddo-vad@gujarat.gov.in
        dire-cs-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
        igpmlr@sancharnet.in
        crigpol@vsnl.net
        igpnr@sify.com
        igp_sr@yahoo.com
        igpnergba@sancharnet.in
        dgpks@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        adgpttm@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        igpgc@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        igpats@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        igprs@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        igpksrp@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        digphq1@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        digphq2@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        digpksrp@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        digpadmn@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        spudupi@sancharnet.in
        spdk@sancharnet.in
        spdvgsp@sancharnet.in
        sp_shimoga@sify.com
        spkodagu@sancharnet.in
        sphassan@sancharnet.in
        dispolbj@rediffmail.com
        spruralbngdist@vsnl.net
        kgfsp@yahoo.com
        sphaveri@hotmail.com
        spbgk@sancharnet.in
        sprlys@vsnl.net
        spchn@sancharnet.in
        spckm@yahoo.com
        spmdy@sancharnet.in
        spmysore@sancharnet.in
        spbgm444@yahoo.com
        sptumkur@sancharnet.in
        sp_gadag@yahoo.co.in
        dispolgba@yahoo.com
        spdharwad@sancharnet.in
        spkolar@sancharnet.in
        spkarwar@sancharnet.in
        aigpcrim@bgl.vsnl.net.in
        spkoppal@sancharnet.in
        sniferdog@yahoo.co.in
        spraichur@sancharnet.in
        spbly@sancharnet.in
        mike1ctd@sancharnet.in
        ccps@kar.nic.in
        cmd@skphc.org
        igppcwms@giasbgo1.vsnl.net.in
        digpscrb@giasbg01.vsnl.net.in
        compolmys@yahoo.com
        compol_hd@sancharnet.in
        copblore@rediffmail.com
        copcomputer@bcp.gov.in
        scrbkar@giasbg01.vsnl.net.in
        rupak@bglvsnl.net.in
        chiefsecretary@gujarat.gov.in
        secfd@gujarat.gov.in
        md@gsfcltd.com
        secy-mines@nic.in
        commi-pwd@gujarat.gov.in
        secydivest@nic.in
        sechome@gujarat.gov.in
        md@gacl.co.in
        sechfwd@gujarat.gov.in
        revas-mof@nic.in
        secpers@gujarat.gov.in
        secagri@gujarat.gov.in
        secrev@gujarat.gov.in
        gp.mohapatra@nic.in
        secled@gujarat.gov.in
        secfed@gujarat.gov.in
        commi-stax@gujarat.gov.in
        dir-gen@esic.nic.in
        asenergy-niti@gov.in
        asubramani@worldbank.org
        bidyut.behari@gov.in
        securban@gujarat.gov.in
        aks.pmo@gov.in
        aogswc@yahoo.co.in
        ceo@gsdma.org
        chmn-cbse@nic.in
        md.guvnl@gebmail.com
        srinivas.kat@gov.in
        secprh@gujarat.gov.in
        sectrans@gujarat.gov.in
        secfcs@gujarat.gov.in
        apstocm@gujarat.gov.in
        secswd@gujarat.gov.in
        secartd@gujarat.gov.in
        m_d@gmdcltd.com
        cohealth@gujarat.gov.in
        secedu@gujarat.gov.in
        jspp@ndma.gov.in
        sectourism@gujarat.gov.in
        secws@gujarat.gov.in
        vcmd@gidcgujarat.org
        secrd@gujarat.gov.in
        md@gspc.in
        rajeev.topno@gov.in
        comind@gujarat.gov.in
        vc-gmb@gujarat.gov.in
        info@ggrc.co.in
        sec2cm@gujarat.gov.in
        mdgsrtc@yahoo.com
        secsyc@gujarat.gov.in
        md-gscsc@gujarat.gov.in

        regards.

        Delete
    77. Respected Captain , Did you see this ? Facebook is launching global cryptocurrency LIBRA , together with 27 big corporations https://libra.org/en-US/

      With Gratitude

      ReplyDelete
    78. hello Ajith sir,

      In this short span of almost 10 years, since you started your blog, I have been reading them and just trying to understand what they actually mean. In this short span I never tried to contact you or put a comment, I truly could not get enough courage to do that. In this span I tried to feel your vast knowledge, how it really effects my whole being. I had been circulating some of the excerpts from your blog specific to health to my whatssapp contacts and there was a good response from almost 300 people out of 1150 people. the real problem what my friends told me the language as I had been sending them everything in English and my contacts are mostly north Indian and English here is more than little tight in hands. I had not option but to translate them into Hindi and then forward the messages. the recent restrictions posed by Whatsapp in circulating messages compelled me to think somewhat in your way, to start a blog in Hindi.
      Recently when you gave permission to use the blog information and circulate to educate the people, I started a blog in Hindi as " SUKSHMAGYAAN".

      I would like to request you and other people to comment only if something is missed by me or up gradation in language is required. Be assured I will not monetize this blog by any means.


      there is another thing which I did, I confess....
      the time you said, you are going to stop blogging and delete the blog, I had copied whole your blog on my local disc, I was worried for these information getting lost or deleted. I hope you would not mind that.

      I have nothing to hide so all the contact details are given below

      Regards,

      KS VERMA
      9411443622
      ksverma67@gmail.com
      sukshmagyaan.blogspot.com

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. KS VERMA,

        IF YOU ARE COPYING FROM MY BLOGSITE--

        YOU CANNOT PUT IT AS IF IT IS YOUR OWN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY..

        YOU MUST SAY IT IS REPRODUCED FROM MY BLOGSITE / OR TRANSLATED FROM MY BLOGSITE..

        I AM WORKING MY ASS OFF --- AND THERE IS NO WAY YOU CAN HAVE IT SO EASY ON A PLATTER ..

        IF I ALLOW YOU-- THERE WILL BE THOUSANDS OTHERS WHO WILL DO THE SAME THING

        BLOGGING IS NOT ABOUT MONEY ALONE-- IT IS ALSO ABOUT ENORMOUS CLOUT ON SOCIAL MEDIA WHEN YOU HAVE HUGE READERSHIP....

        capt ajit vadakayil
        ..

        Delete
      2. Mr. Verma : Just mention "Reproduced From Blog : Captain Ajit Vadakayil" in the top and you are good to go.

        Delete
      3. Stealing someone's credit is a very easy way to accumulate bad karma with subsequent births of limited intellect.

        Giving credit with gratitude in the heart is the opposite. A way to improve ,the natural hologram sort of copies itself from the teacher to the pupil, the print being dependent on pupils capability .

        Delete
    79. Dear Captain Sir
      Who was baba ratan hindi?Did he really lived 700 years ?Did he really converted to Islam.kindly enlighten us.

      ReplyDelete
    80. Namaz on road vs Hanuman chalisa on road fight in West Bengal ..Now all of a sudden the protestors are asked to go to courts if they have objection to a 70 year old arrangement of public worship on Fridays...

      ReplyDelete
    81. Respected Sir,
      Awesome pic of yours in all-black attire in the "record heat wave...." Post!!you look svelte !!
      P.s--kindly share your weight loss secrets sir.struggling with my weight..
      Thank you

      ReplyDelete
    82. Sure sir, I would happily do the same as instructed.

      Sir, I am not a intellectual person in any way, I am still learning and the more I read your articles, I feel, I know nothing.
      To be frank I have to read your articles at least 10 times to understand and realize. Sometimes they might differ a bit as I am the guinea pig for all the trials what your blog says and what I observe within me ( Specifically I intent to use articles related to human health and Sanatan dharma).

      I will post original link of your blog at the bottom of each post from where the article is taken.

      Regards,

      KS VERMA

      ReplyDelete