Tuesday, November 30, 2010

PRANAYAMA -- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL


PRANAYAMA AND OXYGENATION -- AJIT VADAKAYIL

Pranayama— where you exhale twice as long as inhale— IS MORE ABOUT DUMPING OLD EXPERIENCES, RATHER THAN MERE OXYGENATION OF BLOOD.

It is always starts with the left nostril for right handers – for left handers it is vice versa ( no book on pranayama talks about this ) .. Left handed people have their sub-conscious in the left lobe of the brain.


Breathe in the new , breathe out the old. Pranayama—inhale and exhale with awareness— long exhales with the sound of mmmm. Humming boosts level of nitric oxide—this in turn ups the oxygen intake by 98%, the biggest secret . Ordinary breath is a mere 4%.

It is amazing Nitric oxide was discovered by Indian yogis 11000 years ago.  For re-inventing this a Nobel prize was given 2 decades ago.


Nitric oxide is necessary for-
1. Destruction of viruses, parasitic organisms, and malignant cells in the airways and lungs by inactivating their respiratory chain enzymes.
2. Regulation of binding - release of O2 to hemoglobin.
3. Vasodilation of arteries and arterioles (regulation of blood flow or perfusion of tissues).
4. Inhibitory effects of inflammation in blood vessels.
5. Hormonal effects. Nitric oxide influences secretion of hormones from several glands (adrenaline, pancreatic enzymes, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone)
6. Neurotransmission. Memory, sleeping, learning, feeling pain, and many other processes are possible only with NO present (for transmission of neuronal signals).
Obviously, during mouth breathing it is not possible to utilize one's own nitric oxide which is produced in the sinuses. The mouth, was created by Nature for eating, drinking, and speaking. At all other times, your trap should be shut.



When there is lack of oxygen in your blood , you living to a small percentage of your potential.


Endurance exercise can increase oxygen utilization from 10 to 20 times over the resting state. This greatly also  increases the generation of free radicals, which can cause cancer.

Metabolism, or, more accurately the metabolic rate of the cells, sets the demand for oxygen. At rest, a human consumes about 250 millilitres of oxygen each minute. With exercise this rate can be increased more than 10-fold in a normal healthy individual, but a highly trained athlete may achieve a more than 20-fold increase..

Muscle can do more work, but beyond the aerobic scope they must revert to anaerobic metabolism, which results in waste products, mainly lactic acid.


Here is a simple test—fill up a bathtub with slightly hot water— take a deep breath— and lie down with your head under water — you will be up in less than 30 seconds—

Try this and get convinced -- It is about the capacity red cells in your blood to absorbing more oxygen from the air breathed into the lungs


David Blain held his breath for 17 minutes and 4 seconds in a Oprah Winfey’s show. What nobody advertised was that Blaine was allowed to inhale pure oxygen for up to 30 minutes, although he inhaled for only 23 minutes. A Guinness World Records judge was on hand to certify his feat— but not the oxygen inhalation. And just before this he lived inside a glass house filled with ice cold water for many days — like our Himalayan rishis — to put his body into the hibernatory mode. Hibernation basically reduces the amount of oxygen the cells need to survive – to buy time to survive during extremely cold weather , lack of food etc.

The ability of the eye to dark-adapt (, increase its sensitivity at low light levels) decreases with age, but part of that decrease can be restored by breathing pure oxygen. Various mental processes in old people are also found to be improved by breathing oxygen. Any slowed induction of protein synthesis, as from lower oxygen intake, with age is a factor in the deficits of learning and memory of old people.

70% of toxins in your body are released by exhalation— rest by sweat, defecation and urine— surprised?



Oxygen drives the basic metabolic processes that permit growth and constant body temperature. The main purpose of respiration is to provide oxygen to the cells at a rate adequate to satisfy their metabolic needs. This involves transport of oxygen from the lung to the tissues by means of the circulation of blood. The precise object of respiration therefore is the supply of oxygen to the mitochondria.

Ganges' self-purifying quality leads to oxygen levels 25 times higher than any other river in the world. Ganga, show that it is able to reduce BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) levels much faster than in other rivers. Ganges cleans up suspended wastes twenty times faster than other rivers on the planet.

Ageing results from the accumulation of toxic reactions. A FREE RADICAL is a oxygen molecule that has an electron missing. ( like hydrogen peroxide ) Toxic damage to cells and tissues is the consequence of free radicals that are formed when oxygen is metabolized. Free radicals strip an electron from any available nearby source like DNA molecules or proteins.


Free Radical caused diseases are :--
Cancer
Heart attack
Stroke
Arthritis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Alzheimer's disease
Wrinkling
Graying
Stiff joints

The power of breathing lies in its relationship with your energy source. The mind is intimately connected to your breathing. Deep breathing triggers the lymph, your body’s sewage system which will give your cells more efficiency. It keeps the blood fully oxygenated. Breathe in the ration 1/4/2.


The physical aspect of lack of oxygen in the body is not as important as the mental and spiritual aspect.

Lack of oxygen always slows your reaction time. The more oxygen our brains receive the better they function. Glial cells are mediators between the neurons and blood vessels of the brain. Oxygenating the brain can slow down constant die off of brain cells, and can activate areas of the brain which usually idle from lack of blood.

The cells you use the least are the first to die off. 35000 brain cells die every day—more when there is lack of blood. But don’t worry, you have a stock of 100 billion brain cells.


Arterial blood is slightly more acidic in pH value ( 0.05 ) than the venous blood. Blood is an electrolyte. Blood is a carrier for oxygen and nutrients to the cells, but more fundamentally it is a carrier of electrical current. The movement of blood produces EM waves through changes in the electrical charge (voltage) and current (amperage) of the fluid.

Because oxygen is vital to life, the body and brain are extremely sensitive to even very small reductions . This is why exercise must be done at least ONE hour after a meal or oxygen required for digestion is used by muscles leading to indigestion and cramps.

Stress, fear and anxiety causes muscles to contract and blood vessels to constrict. When blood cannot be transported freely through the body to provide oxygen, and antibodies and to carry away and dispose toxic wastes, illness sets in.


Mind is non material , but it works in partnership with communicator molecules. With every thought mind moves atoms of hydrogen, carbon , oxygen and other particles in the brain .

Knowing the connection between breath and consciousness, the ancient yogis devised PRANAYAMA to stabilise energy and consciousness.


All that vibrates in this universe is the cosmic personality and prime mover Prana, potent in all living beings and non-living beings --- heat, light, gravity, magnetism, vigor , power , vitality,life, spirit.


When a man is contented and happy , he has more Prana inside him. Anxiety vanishes entirely when you are one with the rest of the universe. When your mind is disturbed the fundamental energy Prana leaks . Pranayama just reverses the process.


Oxygen levels on this planet has plummeted to half of what it was 500 years ago--due to man made reasons. Consume food based anti-oxidants ( dark coloured berries etc ) to convert toxic free radicals into harmless elements.

Yoga says that longevity depends on slow diaphragmic breathing. A tortoise takes 4 breaths a minute and so lives more than 200 years.

People who do Pranayama regularly have quieter nerves , less lethargy , better sleep and lower BP.  It prevents accumulation of Uric acid which gives joint pains.

Fluctuations of mind are controlled and hence Pranayama prepares you for meditation.

Pranayama was created by the vedic sages who lived on the banks of the river Saraswati in 9000 BC.



CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
..

GLOBAL WARMING-- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL







GLOBAL WARMING-- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL

i shall explain briefly what nonsense goes around on the ignorant planet -- all in the name of global warming.

this has become a huge money spinner-- like religion ( more power for them popes and ayathollahs! )--
california and arnold swartznegger included , are reading the riot act about sox/ nox--

they want ships to slow down , use shore power in port etc.

-- what do they know? --

american most-favoured-nation china sends polluted gas high up -- like a BALLOON it travels across the pacific in 3 days flat and it rains down on west coast of usa --

this is a million times more than what fish and fowl-- nay, fowl and fish dept of california coast guard is trying to achieve.

-- LET THEM BE IN FOOLS PARADISE --

and there was this year indonesian KRAKOTOA volcano erupted-- sending several hundred thousand tonnes of sulphur into the sky-- that year and the next year was the coolest year .

-- this is because the  injected sulfur into the second atmospheric layer closest to earth would reflect more sunlight back to space and offset greenhouse gas warming, . sulphur enhances reflectivity and thus cooled the earth’s surface by nearly 1.5 degrees.

MARINE ALGAE pythoplanktons remain on surface of sea ( they need sunlight ) gulp fantastic amounts carbon di oxide and release oxygen.

they remove carbon dioxide and convert it to organic carbon .when carbon di oxide is more in the air than in the water it diffuses into the water and vice versa. carbon dioxide causes warming because it heats up more when exposed to sunlight compared to other atmospheric gases.

PHYTHOPLANKTONS need minerals like iron , phosphates and nitrates to survive. when the surface waters are cold the minerals are upwelled from the bottom to the surface.

when surface waters are warm they act as a barrier and prevent upwelling.. this is what is elnino which causes drought in australia and in the panama canal and continious rain in the matto grosso plateu which feed the s American rivers.

during periods of cooler temperatures, there is a flowering of these marine plants nay animals , as what happened in late 1999.  pp survive for a couple of days and then sink into the sea bottom as dead biomass. -basically carbon content. 

every two to six days, predators munch down the entire global phytoplankton mass.

These predators generate turbulence to produce enough electric power to light up the whole world with every bulb and energy device running continuously- say a hundred trillion watts of converted chemical power.
colour of sea is bluish green due to phythoplanktons at the bottom levels.

under the sea floor exist carbonate rocks which decompose because of crustal temperatures and vast amounts of carbon di oxide accumulate and from time to time they erupt due to certain factors.

sudden release in the bermuda triangle has caused many mysterious occurrences and yellow fog. the static charge can affect the central nervous system and cause unconsciousness.

on tanker ships we do not inject carbon di oxide into oil flooded pumprooms -due to the static effect.

liquid carbon di oxide acidifies the sea water due to increase of hydrogen ion .

this acidification destroys marine life in the sea. the current ph value of seawater is 8.14---

CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
..

Monday, November 29, 2010

MARY MARY QUITE CONTRARY, THE BLOODY MARY-- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL



BLOODY MARY-  

Below: Queen Mary 1 of England 


when i was 4 years old at lower kindergarten  , i heard a poem getting recited by my class mate -- whose grasp of English was purely pedestrian.


it sounded something like this--


MARIE MAARIE QUIKKODARRIE
WHO DOES YOUR GARDEN GROW
SHILVA BELLS AND KOKKLE SHELLS
AND PECCHYMAIDS ALL IN A ROW


It took another two years for me to find out , the nursery rhyme ran as follows-




Mary, Mary, quite contrary,
How does your garden grow?
With silver bells and cockle shells,
And pretty maids all in a row.

and i asked my teacher ( a kind Scottish nun ) , what does it mean?


So she went on and on, about the sweet princess of the manor, standing daintily in her garden , surrounded by flowers and sweet smelling herbs--about tiny silver bells tinkling magically in the zephyr breeze, and the garden paths lines with snow white cockle shells, and her pretty maids dressed in fine satin and lace gowns, standing beside her, under the azure skies, butterflies dancing around them---.

the truth is a lot murkier--

this song is about the common man of England making fun of their own diabolical queen whom they loathed and despised.

Mary Tudor, or “Bloody Mary” as she came to be known, was the eldest daughter of king Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon; becoming Queen of England in 1553.

She inherited congenital syphilis from her father and was sickly, suffering from frequent migraines and bald.  Henry VIII doted on his daughter and would boast in company, "This girl never cries".


She was a cruel human being.


Her father Henry VIII took on 6 wives--and since divorce was NOT allowed by the Pope and Roman Catholic laws - he made the new Protestant order -- and declared himself head of the Church of England, which still exists.

She inherited the throne from her step brother Edward VI who ruled England for 6 years and died at the age of 15--again having inherited congenital syphilis from his father. 


As soon as she became queen she imprisoned (in the dark tower of London)  her half sister Elizabeth I for a year --the daughter of Anne Boleyn -- who became queen after her death.

Henry VIII is the King who beheaded his 3rd wife Anne Boleyn, on trumped up false charges of incest  , ( she had made the mistake of saying in public that he was NOT great in bed.)


She restored England crown from Protestant faith back into the fold of the Pope and Roman Catholicism ( which on hear death her half sister Elizabeth again reversed--as the people were sick and tired of the Pope and his mean ways ).


Mary's husband Phillip ( Spanish ) was NOT physically attracted to her --and she was always frustrated .


Before she died at the age of 42-- she burned at the stake  and chopped the heads of more than 300 people--earning her the nick name BLOODY MARY.  The popular drink of the Russians( vodka + Tomato juice + salt/ pepper) -- is named after her.






so--

quite contrary alluded to her unsuccessful attempt to reverse ecclesiastical changes effected by her father Henry VIII and her brother Edward VI.

the growing garden alluded to the increasing number of tombstones of Protestant martyrs in the grave yard.

silver bells were thumbscrews to squeeze blood out of the nipples

cockle shells were genital ball crushers

pretty maids in a row, alluded to guillotines nick named at " maiden " lining London




Mary died in 1558 , and the whole of England rejoiced. They had enough of this queen and her faked pregnancies.  

She was hell bent on pulling the wool over the eyes of her subjects , that she possessed a nursery, not a play pen-- and that here husband loved her as a person and had sex with her.


They welcomed Elizabeth I Mary's half sister wholesale --who ruled for a long time till her death in 1603 as a virgin , as she knew she was infertile ( she was bald too with  a small pox scarred face smoothened with cosmetics , though her portraits were of a beautiful lady ).


The world's first drug runner is Queen Elizabeth1, who in 1606 gave orders to British East India company, to start the opium cultivation in Bengal and Bihar in India, to increase the wealth of England.. Her drug cartel agent in India was David Sassoon.

She was also the first African Slave trader who encouraged her pet  slave trader Jack Hawkins . She knighted both Jack Hawkins and the son of David , Albert Sassoon for toeing her line. Sir Albert Sassoon married Aline Caroline Rothschild --the first drug cartel family.


Queen Elizabeth 1 , by her own admission bathed only 4 times in a year " whether I needed it or not!" ( while actually she bathed only twice as she did NOT want to remove the white lead compound filling up the small pox pits on her face).  

But she had more than 2000 of those funny extravagant dresses with hilarious frilled collars.  The whole idea was to distract attention from her repulsive ugliness--one way or the other-- including a jarring red coloured wig.  

She filled up the hideous deep pox pits on her face, using a compound including white lead, which ate away her skin.  She died a virgin ,and hence is called the "Virgin Queen". There was no way even a ugly common man would have been sexually aroused by her.




Elizabeth 1 proved to be more diabolical than her half sister , Bloody Mary. She had Mary Stuart, the Queen of Scots executed. Though she signed her death warrant, Elizabeth 1 ,did NOT want it to be known to the public.

The Queen of Scots Mary Stuart , was a very pretty, sensuous, and tall woman, and it is speculated, that it was sheer female jealously , which made Elizabeth imprison her for 19 years, and then execute her ( not fear of losing her throne to her, as many considered that she was the true heir ) . 


She was publicly disrobed in disgrace, by several men, the executioner took three strokes with his axe to behead her, with lot of time in between the strokes. Then her decapitated head was held  high by the auburn hair, to show the public, with the executioner shouting , as he was told to " God, save the Queen". .

The head fell down , and it turned out to be a wig, with very short grey hair underneath, -- the final cruel blow, even after death..- All engineered by bald and pox scarred faced Elizabeth 1.




And then the most bizarre thing was her tiny dog, kept hidden under her petty coat ( insinuating that this poor dog was always at her crotch )  , was let loose, totally covered in blood- with the desperate creature yelping most pitiably, running helter skelter.


King Henry VIII died in 1547 and spent his last few days in bed, too weak to even to lift move his fingers. His sick room was filled with a nauseating, terrible stench .  Legend has it that sometime during the night the coffin burst open and when the sentries found him, dogs were licking his gangrene laden remains. 


A disgusted Frair Peto had once prophesied that "...dogs will lick his bones as they did Ahab's." and this legend appeared to fulfil this prophecy. 

His penchant for rampant sex-- terminated his bloodline-- and the English crown passed over to the King of Scotland James VI.

BY THE WAY-- NOBODY IN RUSSIA , AT LEAST IN PUBLIC BARS, DRINKS BLOODY MARY ANY MORE-- ALL OF THEM HAVE GRADUATED TO VODKA AND COALA ( COCA-COLA !)


CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
..

CHEMICAL TANKER LOADING OPERATIONS-- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL

LOADING PARCEL CHEMICAL TANKERS —CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL

THE FOLLOWING SERVES AS A “MEMORY JOGGER" FOR A 3/4 STRIPER ON A
PARCEL CHEMICAL TANKER , RATHER THAN A CHECK LIST—AND IS BY
NO MEANS COMPREHENSIVE.

IT SHOWS THE PROACTIVE AND MULTI-TASKING NATURE OF CHEMICAL
TANKER SHIPBOARD MANAGEMENT. 

A CHEMICAL TANKER 3/4 STRIPER CANNOT BE A HALF-WIT.

S No
PRE LOADING CHECKS ON CHEMICAL TANKER
1.         
Have all emails, telexes, faxes and verbal cargo instructions been
cross checked?
2.         
Has the chemical and product names been reconciled?
3.         
Has the MOLOO, MOLCO, MINMAX requirements been met?
4.         
Has the tank coating compatibility been cross checked?
5.         
Has load density of tank been considered?
6.         
Have you checked the COF for the intended cargoes?
7.         
Have you checked the USCG chemical reactive group compatibility
 tables- exception list?
8.         
Have charterers agreed with the stowage plan?
9.         
Are all the cargoes to be loaded in the COF?
10.      
Are all the cargoes to be loaded suitable for tank coating/ lining ?
11.      
Are you keeping away toxic cargoes from edible?
12.      
Are heated toxic vapor cargoes stowed right forward?
13.      
Is there at least 10 degrees difference between BP of the cargo and
 adjacent heat?
14.      
Is list correction in port possible at all times with minimum ballast
 and time?
15.      
Can you do internal stripping at disport with the planned stow ?
16.      
Are all cargoes  suitable by compatibility tables A and B (cargo
 groups / reactive groups)?
17.      
Has FOSFA ( or NIOP/ EU etc ) banned / acceptable lists been 
consulted?
18.      
Is the filling height all right for the load density of tank?
19.      
Has adjacent heat been considered?
20.      
Are drying oils, polymerizing cargoes, volatile cargoes kept away
 from adjacent heat?
21.      
Are cofferdam seals of Framo pumps free from leaks?
22.      
If no, are any polymerizing or high MP insoluble in water cargoes 
assigned to those tanks?
23.      
If your steam pipes are unlagged are you stowing any high MP 
cargoes forward ( sea spray )?
24.      
Is the molybdenum content of the steam coils suitable for the 
aggressive cargo to be heated?
25.      
Do cargoes which have to be recirculated have diffusers on drop
 line?
26.      
Are you reducing the number of tanks to be recirculated at sea?
27.      
Are cold ballast water interfaces removed from high MP cargoes?
28.      
Will cold condensation effect the cargo (example styrene/ 
MEG fg adjacent )?
29.      
Are you avoiding the use of too many flexible cargo hoses?
30.      
Have you avoided loading tanks which have leaky steam coils?
31.      
Have you avoided waste of nitrogen due to slack tanks?
32.      
If you are loading at different berths has the draft /trim/ list 
been considered?
33.      
Have you given your best tanks for WWT?
34.      
In case there are draft restrictions at disport have you put heavy 
cargoes amidship?
35.      
Have you avoided loading high MP insoluble cargoes in shadow 
sector tanks?
36.      
Are you loading 2 consecutive aggressive cargoes without recovery
of tank lining?
37.      
Is it possible to use adjacent heat instead of thermal oil heating?
38.      
In case sensitive first foot samples will be taken are you using the 
best and largest tanks?
39.      
In case pipelines have to be deslopped like for MEG FG are you 
using the best and largest tanks?
40.      
Are you minimizing tank cleaning chemicals expenditure by using 
stainless steel tanks?
41.      
Can your pumps handle the cargo discharge without booster
 pump ?
42.      
Are you aware that edible oil cannot be heated by thermal oil?
43.      
Have you considered filling lower/ upper limit of sloshing as
per P@A manual?
44.      
Has damage stability been considered?
45.      
Are you using the largest tanks with large pumps and risers for high
 viscosity cargoes?
46.      
Will you avoid last minute methanol spray to pass WWT by using
best previous cargo’ tanks?
47.      
Are you stowing high MP high heat cargoes within double hull?
48.      
Have you consulted list of acceptable previous cargoes prior cargoes
 like HMD, Chlor solvents?
49.      
Have you consulted paint manufacturers tables for vent/ FFA/ hot 
cure/ moisture content etc?
50.      
Will cleaning temperatures exceed max permissible for the tank 
coating?
51.      
In case ballast has to be shifted  to avoid cold interface are you 
using centre tanks to avoid list?
52.      
In case you  have cargo stoppages ( barges ) with high MP cargoes , 
will cargo freeze in pipelines?
53.      
If cargo will freeze do you have a blow back plan ready into the tank?
54.      
If cooling is required ( propelene oxide ) have you tested the cooling
 systems?
55.      
Has FOSFA banned/ acceptable lists been considered?
56.      
Do you have a spare tank earmarked if the WWT test fails?
57.      
Has the UKC at berth at low water been considered?
58.      
Has the trim for deballasting been considered if ship has to load to
 deadweight ?
59.      
Has the trim for fast and efficient squeezing been considered when 
deciding the stow?
60.      
Has vapour return calculations been done if needed ?
61.      
Have cargo lines been set and double checked?
62.      
Have all pipeline plugs been replaced and drain cocks shut?
63.      
Have all bolt holes been used at the manifold?
64.      
Have the manifold connections made been leak tested with 
compressed air and soap water?
65.      
Has a preloading meeting been held?
66.      
Has the max load rate for all grades been agreed upon?
67.      
Has the loading master been asked if there are any planned 
shore stops?
68.      
Has the topping up rate been agreed upon?
69.      
Has the ship shore safety checklist been signed?
70.      
Are emergency procedures known to ships crew?
71.      
Have you made arrangements for closed loading as per 
company policy?
72.      
Have high level and overflow alarms been checked?
73.      
Have PV valves been manually lifted a couple of times to see if they
 are not frozen or jammed?
74.      
Have all lines to be used for loading been pressure tested before
 arrival berth?
75.      
Have steam coils to be used been pressure tested for leaks ( not 
with air )?
76.      
Have written heating instructions been received?
77.      
Are the tanks to be loaded dry and pipelines blown?
78.      
Have you checked the antidotes and expiry dates?
79.      
Have you worked out the SF/BM for harbour condition?
80.      
Does your software indeed have harbour condition?
81.      
Have use of flexible hoses been minimized?
82.      
Are in use cargo hose certificates ready for inspection by shore a
authority?
83.      
Have sampling procedures been agreed upon?
84.      
Is there a proposal to take a first foot sample from the tank?
85.      
Are line blowing arrangements agreed upon?
86.      
Is sufficient space available in the tank to receive line blow contents?
87.      
Is suitable PPE ready for crew use?
88.      
Is the port crew watch rotation schedule posted?
89.      
Does the deck  officers attire indicate rank?
90.      
Has the crew been trained to understand the MSDS sheet contents?
91.      
Has the eye wash and shower been tried out ?
92.      
Will splash couplings be used for toxic and corrosive chemicals?
93.      
Are the crew wearing full sleeve boilersuits with
company logo?
94.      
Are walkways to be used by crew and shore personnel well lit and 
non slip?
95.      
Is a visitors log being maintained?
96.      
Is the anemometer working and being used ?
97.      
Do all know that no samples can be brought to the accommodation
 block?
98.      
Is it understood that no shore person can enter the cargo tanks
without a signed permit?
99.      
In the absence of a mimic board is there a valve / drain cock open
 status board in CCR?
100.   
Are there sufficient charged spare batteries?
101.   
Is there a shore leave board for ships crew?
102.   
Are there any persons in the CCR who are not related to assisting
cargo work?
103.   
Is vapor return line being used?
104.   
If yes, are the non applicable spool pieces removed and blanked 
in place?
105.   
Have you pressure tested the steam coils prior arrival port?
106.   
Are all leaky / untested/ unnecessary steam coils blanked?
107.   
Do you have a means of steam tracing in case pipelines get frozen 
with cargo?
108.   
In case you are loading different cargoes using the same line will 
the best grades loaded first?
109.   
If the manifold drip tray gets full due to cargo or rain do you have
 a plan to drain the mixture?
110.   
Have you checked the level guages and UTI tapes?
111.   
Are the flexible cargo hoses suitable for the cargo?
112.   
Have you made dog tags for the manifold hose stating cargo name
 and tanks it has to fill?
113.   
Have you made nitrogen dog tags for the tanks proposed to be purged
 with nitrogen?
114.   
Have you tried out all the PV valves and set them in the correct auto
 position?
115.   
Are the MMC tapes clean for sensitive and edible cargoes?
116.   
Have you obtained inhibitor/ stabilization certificates for polymerizing 
cargo?
117.   
Are there specific written instructions to duty officers ( other than 
standing orders)?
118.   
Has MSDS sheets been posted and old obsolete ones been removed?
119.   
Has written instructions from shippers for heating and cooling been
 received?
120.   
If not have you issued a written protest stating that cargo quality 
might be affected?
121.   
Are both supply and return lines of unused steam heating coils blanked?
122.   
Will you be switching off the high level alarms set at 95% just before 
activation?
123.   
Is a manifold rigging diagram available with deck officers , pumpman ,
crew and loading master?
124.   
Are cargo hoses adequately supported to avoid damage and kinking?
125.   
If purging with high pressure shore nitrogen will you avoid structural
 damage to tanks ?
126.   
After purging tank with nitrogen will you prevent its escape  by 
shutting of PV and tank dome?
127.   
If emergency inhibitor is placed on board is it clearly marked?
128.   
If yes are there proper written instructions available for its use 
and return of balance / disposal ?
129.   
If you are loading more than 98% (latex/ wine etc) have you taken 
operators/owners permission?
130.   
Have you allowed for cargo expansion ( climate change/ 
adj cargo heat/ adj tank wash)?
131.   
Is sufficient tank space available for hose and line clearing?
132.   
Have you provided the duty officer stop ullage for MMC using 
computed anticipated list/ trim?
133.   
Will you be using rope lashings for manual cargo valves whose 
status must not be changed?
134.   
Did you set the pressure gauge on the manifold and confirm 
that the gauge is calibrated ?
135.   
Have you fitted pressure gauges on the sea side between the valve 
and the blank?
136.   
Are unused cargo hoses blinded and housed?
137.   
Are all tools , nuts, bolts, gaskets etc to be used sighted and
 kept ready?
138.   
Did you confirm cleanliness of lines and hoses of
 terminal / barge ?
139.   
Are unused lines and lines to be used for loading segregated ?
(  flange , spool piece , etc.)
140.   
Are valves to be used for loading in good operational condition ?
141.   
Are all drain plugs closed ? (cargo line , vent line , valve)
142.   
Are unused manifold fully bolted and blinded ?
143.   
Has a approved ship / shore safety check list been satisfactorily 
completed ?
144.   
Do proposed procedures meet all port or terminal local 
requirements ?
145.   
Are clean and transparent glass sample bottles ready?
146.   
Have diffusers been fitted inside tank on drops which require
 recirc during voyage?
147.   
Are MFAG medicines and antidotes available?
148.   
Are tankcleaning chemicals for the proposed cargoes ordered?
149.   
Is the steamcoil blanking board in CCR maintained?
150.   
Is a digital camera readily available ?
151.   
Do you have a certificate of leak tightness ready?
152.   
Have the local read out of ullages/ pressure been reconciled with 
MMC/ CCR?.
153.   
Does the thermal tracer of eyewash and shower give comfortable 
temperature?
154.   
Are flame screens fitted wherever the exit velocity of flammable
 gas is less than 30 mtrs/ sec?
155.   
Have you conducted pH value tests for steam coil blown out 
contents?
156.   
Are the fixed gas detectors of p/room, accomodation, galley etc 
working properly?
157.   
Are loading rate and venting rate tables posted in CCR?
158.   
Are yellow gas suits available for special cargoes?
159.   
Are you aware that loading cannot commence till the tank ready 
certificate is recd ?
160.   
Do you know if loading is by gravity, centrifugal pump or positive 
displacement pump?
161.   
Are you aware ,shutting off manifold valve against a positive 
displacement pump can cause hose rupture?
162.   
When taking the manifold sample is the tank valve shut to
 prevent cargo ingress into tank?
163.   
Is there a wilden pump rigged up for immediate use in 
emergency?
164.   
Has the loading plan been approved and signed by master?
165.   
Is the safety warning board displayed at gangway?
166.   
Is Bravo flag raised?
167.   
Has the integrity of manifold drip tray and after most deck 
scupper been checked with water?
168.   
Is a safety mat available at the manifold tray?
169.   
Have you looked into the manifold lines for residues , prior 
boarding of tank surveyor?
170.   
Have you ensured that there is no water inside loading flexibles 
for water sensitive cargoes?
171.   
Have you received heating and nitrogen instructions in writing?




S.N
      LOADING ( DURING ) CHECK LIST
1
Have you communicated with shore personnel regarding the progress of the loading operation?
2
Do all crew have relevant PPE on ?
3
Is communication between CCR , manifold and shore tank adequately maintained ?
4
Are you aware which cargoes create static charges when
 passing through pipelines?
5
Are there any leak from cargo hose or line ?
6
Have you prevented cargo contaminated shoes from being 
worn inside accomodation?
7
Are you aware that if there is any possibility of off hire, the  
 master must be informed?
8
Are you aware of the surrounding condition including sea 
weather and change of tide ?
9
Is the gangway for passage to the shore correctly adjusted 
for safe access ?
10
Is the sanctity of the CCR being violated by undesirable 
material/ persons?
11
Are orders on walkie talkie being repeated and reported 
back when executed?
12
Are steam hoses ready in freezing weather?
13
Are you topping up tanks using only one inlet?
14
Are emergency stop written procedures available in CCR?
15
Is a copy of ERP contact list available in CCR?
16
In case somebody jams the walkie talkie channel, is an exit 
channel been agreed upon and known to all?
17
Are you providing “corrected for current trim/ list”  topping up ullages to duty officer?
18
Do incoming duty crew go on deck and relieved crew knock 
off via CCR?
19
Have you taken the initial load contents into one single tank?
20
Have you taken a manifold sample immediately on start into 
a clear glass sample bottle with manifold valve shut?
21
Is there a signed and dated stowage plan in the fire wallet?
22
Is there a secondary means of communication with shore
 terminal if the primary fails?
23
Is the oxygen resuscitator readily available?
24
Have vapor return calculations been done?
25
At commencement has an officer been stationed at the
 manifold for any leakage, abnormality?
26
Do you know the standard correction to be applied to
 MMC/ CCR fixed remote guage?
27
Are you checking and recording the loading rate every hour ?
28
Is the loading operation going as per written and agreed plan?
29
Do you estimate time of completion of loading every hour ?
30
Before the relieving duty crew takes over , are they briefed 
in the CCR ?
31
Does duty officer patrol regularly for early discovery of any abnormal situation ?
32
Are Draeger tubes used especially in still air  conditions for inhalation hazard / carcinogen cargoes?
33
Are open – shut status of valves correctly maintained on
 the CCR valve board ?
34
Is lashing condition of loading hose with shore / barge
 normal ?
35
Is ballast condition properly adjusted ?
36
Is the shore leave board giving a true picture?
37
Are the port logs and cargo logs upto date?
38
Do you confirm with all parties concerned regarding  ship’s schedule after completion of loading ?
39
Did you instruct the duty officer and Bosun about all the
 necessary work after completion of loading ?
40
Is everything ready for completion including all documents ?
41
Can you bleed into next tank in sequence to create a 
comfortable topping rate?
42
When you top up the last tank will you reduce the loading
 rate to prevent overflow?
43
Are you monitoring for crew fatigue?
44
Are valve wheels of tanks already topped up being lashed?
45
Has eye wash and shower been tested every watch?
46
Are hourly SF/BM calculations done on loadicator?
47
Are relevant safety rechecks checks carried out?
48
Is the valve open status board in CCR up to date?



S.N
         LOADING COMPLETION CHECKLIST
1
Is Chief officer present for supervision during topping up operations?
2
Is the topping up sequence as per the written plan?
3
Are you aware that spherical deck tanks have rapid ullage decrease for small increase of cargo?
4
Have you confirmed completion of loading with shore
 personnel ?
5
Have you taken the density of dock water?
6
If the crew is forced to connect / disconnect the shore 
hose , has a LOP been issued?
8
Did you receive necessary instruction for cargo care ?
 (heating instruction , N2 purge , inhibitor , etc.)
9
If cargo has been commingled, does the B/L have the commingling clause?
10
Do you know charterers  percentage difference limits for reullaging and recalculation?
11
Have you drained water from compressed air line before 
line blowing?
12
If the cargo has high MP have you ascertained lines are 
empty by sound check?
13
If the cargo has to be heated is it prepared ?
14
Have you squared up the deck and secured everything ?
15
If there is foam above cargo have you made a remark 
that the ullage is measured over foam?
16
If agent is authorized to sign B/L will he protest any 
difference between ship/ shore figure?
17
Are you aware of charterers requirements regarding calling P&I surveyor for cargo discrepancy?
18
Are you aware that the B/L must not be signed for a port 
ship is incapable of reaching in safety?
19
Are you aware that no reference must be made in SOF 
regarding segregated ballast?
20
Have you noted the exact time the final cargo documents 
are recd on board in the SOF?
21
Have LOP been issued for all relevant matters?
22
Have you double checked and reconciled cargo received 
on board by draft measurements?
23
Have you reconciled ship/ shore cargo figures?
24
Have you updated the cargo record book?
25
Has shore stop been entered in the SOF and quantity declaration?
26
Has deadfreight form been made if applicable?
27
Have you made a separate SOF for each cargo?
28
If the original bill of lading is placed on board, has the 
remaining B/L been endorsed?
29
Will you purge the pump cofferdams immediately after
 loading?
30
Will you depressurize the manifold pipelines prior 
disconnecting flexible?
31
Have you received the loading samples ?
32
Are the sample bottle properly sealed and tagged ?
33
Does the tag show the ships name, voyage no, date, 
location, cargo name and type of sample?
34
Are all documents completed ?
35
In case of polymerising or heating cargo , did you finish 
draining cargo remaining in the cargo line ?
36
Are blind flanges of manifold fully bolted ?
37
Did you shut all valves of cargo line ?
38
Have you reset breather valves of vent line to normal
 position ?
39
Are the tankdomes, butterworth ports etc shut ?



CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL ( 28 YEARS IN COMMAND )
..