Tuesday, December 28, 2010

CLAY SLURRIES ON CHEMICAL TANKERS -- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL





KAOLIN CLAY SLURRIES

It is commonplace for the Framo pump cargo seals to leak en masse after you start recirculating Kaolin clay slurry at sea .  Experience has show that the leaks stabilize after the cargo is discharged. 

Discharging can be done with ships Framo pumps.  If the cargo does not go ( small deepwel risers ) , then the only alternative is to use a Framo portable screw pump .  A screw booster pump ashore is also needed.

IMPORTANT:   RECIRC AT SEA, IS ABOUT FAST JET MOTION IMPINGEMENT THROUGH SMALL DIA RECIRC NOZZLES FITTED ON DROPS AT BOTTOM. IT IS ABOUT ELECTROSTATIC CHARGES KEEPING THE SLURRY IN COLLOIDAL SUSPENSION.




Product Information:
Kaolin, ( China Clay ) in solid form are being shipped to ECC international, Colonial terminals, Savannah, processed and re-exported as slurry.

The slurries consists of 67 - 73 percent solids and 27 - 33 percent liquids and are used in the paper manufacturing industry.

In the receiving end, the product will go directly to the pulp mills without further processing.

There are presently 2 grades of slurry being shipped from Savannah, i.e.
 Capim GP formerly known as Hubergloss (Alphagloss) slurry
 WP Slurry formerly known as Nanaimo W.P. - Filler slurry

Common Chemical name           : Aluminum Silicate Hydroxide
Appearance                                  : White (Off White)
Specific Gravity                        : 1.73 - 1.81
Boiling Point                 : 100 C
Freezing Point               : Approx. O degr. C
MARPOL category/ OS

Shipping and Handling--

Before loading:

Cargo tanks:
Tanks should be cleaned from previous cargo to normal " water white " standard, ( i.e. no traces of previous cargo, no odor, no loose coating or particles present ).

Upon completion of normal cleaning, the tanks, pumps and lines should be thoroughly rinsed and flushed with fresh water, added with minimum 100 ppm Hydrogen Peroxide.

The slurry is extremely sensitive to bacteria, and may go off color and become unsuitable for its intended use if bacteria are allowed to grow.

This is one of the main concerns of the shippers, and bacterial tests of tanks may be carried out prior to loading.

The tanks presented for loading must furthermore be 100 percent coated, small areas with rust or pittings should be grinded and overcoated prior arrival at loading port. No particles, such as rust, coating flakes, grit or lint from wiping rags will be accepted, as these will appear as tears in the finished paper.

Cargo pumps: Frank Mohn recommend filling of  fresh water into pump cofferdams. All cofferdams should be filled 100 % prior to arrival at loading port.

After loading:

All cargo pipe lines must be thoroughly cleaned with fresh water as soon as possible upon completion of loading, not to allow drying of the product in any part of the line system, once dried it is virtually impossible to remove Make sure the water flushed through the lines is absolutely clear (not milky).  Check all drains and blanks.

(Recommended temp. of cleaning water: 40  50 degr. C )

Voyage
To avoid solids settling, it is necessary to recirculate the products during transit, this should be done via a hose from the pump stack through a tank cleaning hatch---bottom to top recirc, on ship's without recirc diffusers .

Diffusers build up a electrostatic charge which keeps the colloids from getting agglomerated/ flocculated and settling down on the bottom of tank toform a sediment which cements the deepwell pump impeller..
Shippers recommend pumps to be run at minimum speed during recirculation.

The fresh water level in the pump cofferdams must be controlled and maintained during this operation.

The solids in the Alphagloss product settle quickly, hence daily recirculation is necessary.  A similar problem has not been experienced with the other products, and recirculation once a week should be sufficient.

Should clogging, of impeller nevertheless occur, it is recommended to blow the pump stack with compressed air, to brake up solids forming in the impeller housing.

Discharging

Discharging can be done with ships Framo pumps. If the cargo does not go , then the only alternative is to use a Framo portable screw pump. A screw booster pump ashore is also needed.

Water level in cofferdams should be maintained during  discharge operation.

The discharge rate vary from grade to grade and is generally slow in the beginning, be patient, for once the cargo is flowing, the rate will gradually increase.

Shore line will be pigged between each grade.

The Alphagloss grade must be agitated ( recirculated ) prior to and during discharging,
experience has proved that this grade is extremely difficult to pump due to the high
content of solids, hence extra care is required.

The other grades does not require any agitation during discharging and will not represent any problem.

Upon completion of discharging, 2-3 cub. meter of unpumpable sediments will remain
in each tank hence sweeping is recommended. Tanks should be thoroughly ventilated
prior to entry, as the anti bacterial chemicals in the slurry can cause some irritation to the
eyes.

Cleaning with fresh water is advantageous as the clay dissolves easily, sea water should be avoided as the clay mixes poorly and solids settle quickly.

Lukewarm water was recommended by shippers, but not a must. Experience showed no difference whether cold or warm water was used.

Tank cleaning procedure after clay slurry.

1 ) Upon completion of discharging and sweeping of tank,  the tank should be closed  down to keep the clay from drying on the walls.

2) Cleaning should commence as soon as possible after the tank is empty, by using portable tank cleaning machines placed at the height of the cargo level.

3) Only fresh water should be used for washing, and the tank should be washed for 20 minutes, and washings transferred into slop tank.

4) Spot washing can be done with hand hose.

5) Flush cargo line from pumpstack to manifold and then to the slop tank.Open and flush all drain cocks on cargo line, stripping line, drop line and heat exchangers, blow all pump cofferdams by air to empty them from water.

6) Open and check all cargo lines for residues of clay, and flush by fresh water if  required. Final fresh water wash of tank of 30 min can be pumped overboard if the water is not milky. There is no pollution concern , but too much milkiness can cause sea to be stained white.

7) Open all drains , flanges etc and check for residue.

8) Steam lines.

Clay slurry reacts with Co2 in atmosphere  and hardens. Do not mix different grades of slurry in slop tank (reaction between different ionic type)—pump direct overboard if feasible. Since it swamps the bottom environment—take permission from local authority before pumping out in territorial waters.


This can be explained by this experiment. Take a Kaolin slurry watery mixture and pour it into a pit made in sand. Do NOT expect the water to drain, it will remain there. The clay colloids will immediately block the pores in the loose sand.

Ordinary slurries ( not clay ) react with CO2 and hardens. Avoid hot interface,a nd dump the washwater directly overboard—not into slops. Do not mix different grade slops, due to anionic/ cationic reaction.

-------CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL







  1. RUSH RUSH RUSH !

    WARNING-- WARNING-- WARNING !


    THIS CRITICAL MESSAGE MUST FIND THE EYES OF CM OF KERALA PINARAYI VIJAYAN NOW !

    ######################################################

    WHY IS KUTTANAD STILL FLOODED WITH WATER ?

    WHY IS THE WATER NOT BEING ABSORBED BY THE GROUND AS USUAL-- NEVER MIND THAT THE FIELDS ARE BELOW THE LEVEL OF THE SEA-- THIS IS IRRELEVANT..
    KUTTANAD IS NOW COVERED BY A LAYER oF FINE SILT , WHICH IS COLLOIDAL TOP SOIL FROM HIGHER AREAS , WHEN CAME DOWN WITH THE FLOODS..

    THIS SILT ACTS AS A WATER BARRIER.. ALMOST LIKE CEMENT...

    IF KERALA GOVT IS NOT CAREFUL, WE WILL HAVE DROUGHT WITHIN TWO MONTHS--BEWARE !

    I WANT THE KERALA GOVT TO READ THE INITIAL PART OF THE POST BELOW , IN WHICH I TALK ABOUT DRIED UP PUSHKAR LAKE, CLAY GANAPATI VISARJAN IDOL, KAOLIN CLAY COLLOIDS , A SAND PIT HOLDING WATER LIKE A CERAMIC BOWL ETC 


    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2014/03/vanishing-lakes-rain-water-harvesting.html


    FOR WATER TO DRAIN FROM KUTTANAD , THE BOTTOM SILT COLLOIDS MUST BE REMOVED FROM STRATEGIC PLACES.. 

    INTELLIGENT PEOPLE MUST TAKE CHARGE , NOT SECOND STANDARD FAIL MINISTERS LIKE MM NANI..

    ALL UNDERGROUND AQUIFERS WILL NOW BE STARVED OFF RECHARGING RAIN WATER-- AND THIS INCLUDES HOME WELLS..

    FOR RAIN WATER TO REACH INSIDE WELLS, THE SILT ON THE GROUND SURFACE AROUND ALL WELLS MUST BE REMOVED MANUALLY.


    I KNOW THIS PROBLEM FIRST HAND .. I HAD REFUSED TO PUMP KAOLIN CLAY TANK WASHINGS INTO THE NANAIMO ISLAND CANADIAN SEA , DECLARING THAT IT WILL SWAMP THE SEA BOTTOM KILLING ALL LIFE ... 

    MY WHITE BOSSES THREATENDEDNEDNDENED TO BITE MY HEAD OFF , AS I WAS NOT FOLLOWING PAST PRACTICE ( CHEAP WAY ) .. 

    THEN THE CANADIAN ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY AND FISHERIES MINISTRY STRONGLY SUPPORTED ME .. AND OPENLY THANKED ME ..

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2010/12/clay-slurries-on-chemical-tankers-capt.html


    DONT WE HAVE INTELLIGENT THINK TANKS?... WHY DO WE HAVE KOTA CRAM AND VOMIT PARTY IN OUR IITs..

    WHY DO OUR INTELLIGENT YOUTH MIGRATE TO THE WEST ? 

    I WILL GIVE YOU THE REASON-- NO CHAMPION RACE HORSE WILL AGREE TO WORK UNDER A QUOTA DONKEY.. 

    WHY DONT DIMWIT QUOTA PARTY SEND ROCKETS TO MARS ? LET US HAVE FUN IN ISRO!

    POLITICIANS IN FOREIGN PAYROLL ARE BLEEDING BHARATMATA --

    WE KNOW THESE FOREIGN DEEP STATE FUNDED INDIAN TRAITORS.. 

    WE THE PEOPLE WILL BRING THESE DESH DROHI MINISTERS AND JUDGES TO JUSTICE..

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..



    PUT ABOVE CRITICAL COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--

    CM OF KERALA
    GOVERNOR OF KERALA
    PMO
    PM MODI
    ALL COLLECTORS OF KERALA
    DGP KERALA
    IG KERALA
    ALL MINISTERS OF KERALA
    ALL MLAs/ MPs OF KERALA
    C JUSTICE KERALA
    KERALA ASSEMBLY SPEAKER
    MEDIA OF KERALA
    NITI AYOG
    AMITABH KANT
    NGT
    National Crisis Management Committee (NCMS)
    MADHAV GADGIL
    K KASTURIRANGAN
    MS SWAMINATHAN
    AJIT DOVAL
    SPEAKER LOK SABHA
    SPEAKER RAJYA SABHA
    PRESIDENT OF INDIA
    VP OF INDIA
    ALL CENTRAL/ STATE MINISTRIES/ MINISTERS..
    ALL MAJOR DISTRICT COLLECTORS / PROMINENT IAS OFFICERS .
    CMs OF ALL STATES
    GOVERNORS OF ALL STTES
    CJI
    ATTORNEY GENERAL
    SUPREME COURT BAR COUNCIL
    DGPs OF ALL STATES
    IGs OF ALL STATES
    ALL 3 ARMED FORCE CHIEFS
    SWAMY
    GURUMURTHY
    ALL BJP SPOKESMEN
    RSS
    VHP
    AVBP
    ARNAB GOSWAMI
    VINEET JAIN
    AROON PURIE
    PRANNOY JAMES ROY
    N RAM
    RAGHAV BAHL
    BARKHA DUTT
    SHEKHAR GUPTA
    SIDHARTH VARADARAJAN
    RAJDEEP SARDESAI
    NAVIKA KUMAR
    RAHUL KANWAL
    NIDHI RAZDAN
    VIKRAM CHANDRA
    FAYE DSOUZA
    SUHEL SETH
    SHOBHAA DE
    SIDDHARTH VARADARAJAN
    RAMACHANDRA GUHA
    ALL SUPREME COURT JUDGES
    FALI BABY
    SOLI BABY
    SALVE BABY
    RAM JETHMALANI
    `
    ALL DESH BHAKT LEADERS
    SPREAD ON SOCIAL MEDIA

    ALL MUST COOPERATE 

    INDIA IS NO LONGER A LAND OF THINKERS-- WE HAVE BECOME A LAND OF DUFFERS !

2 comments:


  1. Capt. Ajit VadakayilSeptember 5, 2018 at 1:36 PM

    WHEN I HAD A CLAY SLURRY PUMPING PROBLEM ON BOARD MY CHEMICAL TANKER AT NANAIMO ISLAND VANCOUVER CANADA--

    WITHIN A HOUR I WAS NEGOTIATING FOR IMPORTED SHORE PUMPS FROM ROTTERDAM, HAMBURG AND AND HOUSTON..IT WAS NOT SHIPS PROBLEM , BUT A SHORE PROBLEM..

    FIRST COME FIRST SERVED-- WITHIN 14 HOURS I HAD THE BOOSTER PUMP FROM HOUSTON, AIRLIFTED BY A SPECIAL FLIGHT.. WITH A FRAMO SHORE ENGINEER ACCOMPANYING THE SCREW PUMP..

    IN KERALA , THE GOVT IS TILL SCRATCHING THEIR PATHETIC HEADS OVER HOW TO DEWATER KUTTANAD.. TWO WEEKS WAITING AND WAITING AND WAITING..

    WHAT A DISGRACE !

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2010/12/clay-slurries-on-chemical-tankers-capt.html

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..

    PUT ABOVE COMMENT IN WEBSITES OF--
    CM OF KERALA PINARAYI VIJAYAN
    G0VERNOR OF KERALA
    ALL COLLECTORS OF KERALA
    DGP KERALA
    IG KERALA
    ALL MINISTERS OF KERALA
    ALL MLAs/ MPs OF KERALA
    MEDIA OF KERALA
    NITI AYOG
    AMITABH KANT
    PMO
    PM MODI

    ReplyDelete

  2. SangeethaSeptember 13, 2018 at 5:32 AM
    Captain, is the silt to be removed from all over the flooded land ? If we have to remove the silt, does it have any commercial use, such as making bricks or for construction ? The reason I am asking is that the govt will not do anything on their own. If some use can be found for the silt, people will do the rest on their own.

    I saw videos of people crossing Periyar river on foot in Aluva. This is at a location were people used to drown before. What is the reason for water level going down in Periyar ?



    Capt. Ajit VadakayilSeptember 13, 2018 at 10:07 AM
    NORMALLY SILT WHICH COVERS THE PLAINS WHEN RIVERS LIKE GANGES FLOODS IS A BOON ... FARMERS WHO DO ORGANIC FARMING CELEBRATE..

    BUT IN KERALA THANKS TO DESH DROHI MS SWAMINANTHAN , ARTIFICIAL FERTILISER RUN OFF INTO WATER BODIES HAVE MIXED WITH SOFT SILT AND BY CATIONIC- ANIONIC REACTIONS , CONVERTED IT INTO A TYPE OF HARD CERAMIC..

    KUTTANAD FIELD NOW ACTS AS A CERAMIC WATER BOWL .. USUALLY RAIN WATER WOULD BE ABSORBED BY THE BOTTOM SOIL TO FEED GROUND WATER AQUIFERS ..

    THIS IS NO LONGER HAPPENING, AND THIS IS WHY WELLS ARE RUNNING DRY..A MONTH AFTER FLOODS..

    DAMS BUILT RECKLESSLY HAVE REDUCED WATER FLOW DOWN RIVER ..

    UNDERWATER CHANNELS TO AQUIFERS HUNDREDS OF MILES AWAY FROM RIVER BANKS ( WHICH HAVE BEEN OPEN FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS ) ARE NOW CHOKED..

    YOU CAN TAKE THE BOTTOM SILT FROM KUTTANAD FIELDS , HOMOGENISE IT WITH WATER IN A MIXER AND THEN POUR IT INTO A PIT ( MAKE IT ) OF SOFT LOOSE SAND ..

    THE COLLOIDAL SILT WATER WILL NOT BE ABSORBED AND DRAINED BY THE SAND.. THE COLLOIDS WILL BLOCK SAND PORES.. THE SAND PIT WILL HOLD THE SILT WATER LIKE A CERAMIC BOWL..

    I HAVE EXPLAINED IT IN THE POST BELOW--

    http://ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com/2010/12/clay-slurries-on-chemical-tankers-capt.html

    QUOTE:Clay slurry reacts with Co2 in atmosphere and hardens. Do not mix different grades of slurry in slop tank (reaction between different ionic type)—pump direct overboard if feasible. Since it swamps the bottom environment—take permission from local authority before pumping out in territorial waters.


    This can be explained by this experiment. Take a Kaolin slurry watery mixture and pour it into a pit made in sand. Do NOT expect the water to drain, it will remain there. The clay colloids will immediately block the pores in the loose sand.

    Ordinary slurries ( not clay ) react with CO2 and hardens. Avoid hot interface,a nd dump the washwater directly overboard—not into slops. Do not mix different grade slops, due to "anionic/ cationic" reaction. UNQUOTE

    YOU EXPECT SECOND STANDARD FAIL KERALA MINISTER MM MANI OR MADHAV GADGIL/ KASTURIRANGAN/ MS SWAMINANTHN TO TELL YOU ALL THIS ?

    THIS IS CHEMISTRY !..

    IF THEY SUPREME COURT JUDGES HAS THEIR WAY THEY WOULD APPLY THE CONSTITUTION ON THIS CRITICAL PROBLEM, DELIBERATE LIKE OLD LADIES-- NAY-- SOOTHSAYERs PARROTS FOR TWO MONTHS AND COME OUT WITH A MORBID "GO- NO GO " SOLUTION..

    AND VOTE KA BHOKA PM MODI WILL INSPIRE KERALA WITH HIS HAJAAAAR RIDICULOUS TALES OF GANDHI AND BR AMBDEKAR ..

    INDIA IS NOT EVEN A BANANA REPUBLIC-- IT IS NOW A MAD MANs CIRCUS...

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..

    ReplyDelete