WHITE LIES , THE SUPER HORSE BUCEPHALUS , AND THE MIGHTY ELEPHANT.
We all know the Greek and western poetry about the heroics of Alexander the Great, who invaded India in 326 BC and had King Porus on his knees. There are coloured paintings of this scene in most western museums.
The truth is totally different.
It is never too late to know the truth.
Alexander did self marketing and he had a horde of historians , painters and poets embedded in his army who wrote exactly what he wanted--to portray him larger than his five feet five inches of height.
Porus was a minor king of India, not finding mention anywhere except in the Battle of Hydaspes -- and that too by western accounts.
King Porus 's actual name is Purushottam ( some call him Parvateshwar ),the Yaduvanshi king. He ruled the kingdom of Paurava in Punjab . He stood a majestic seven feet four inches tall-- taller than the huge Great Khali wrestler of WWF. . He was not in good terms with the King of Taxila.
King Alexander knew about this and he gave the King of Taxila 25 tonnes of gold which he had plundered from Persia, (after the battle of Gaugamela) , as a bribe to ally with him. For he had heard that Porus had 85 elephants in his army and his own Greek army had never battled the war elephant.
On the way to battle Porus, Alexander's soldiers were psychologically battered. The soldiers saw astounding scenes of holy men hanging upside down from trees, and meditating, and it was apparent they had been doing it for a long time. If they fall asleep they would die.
Alexander has also heard from his wife Roxxane , ( daughter of a Bactrian noble Oxyartus ), that the the Nandas of the Magadha Kingdom had 6000 war elephants ( count by Plutarch ) and the Emperor Chandragupta Maurya of the Mauryan Empire had 9000 war elephants. They also had hordes of Tibetan Mastiff dogs who could kill leopards and whip up a booming barking frenzy which terrified men and horses.
His cavalry horses would be no match for the mighty elephants.
His own Thessalian black stallion Bucephalus who was his body extension in a battle field and placed him in the zone , was a nervous animal prone to psychological mental blows.. For 10 years Becephalus however had served him very well in the thick of battle.
He knew that the elephants had protective fort like stable platforms ( fort like howdah ) ,on their backs from where archers shot accurate armour piercing fire arrows from crossbows. Before battle the elephants would be given a potion which made them run fast , absolutely fearless and trumpet happy.
They could also swing heavy iron spiked balls held by chains with their trunks to swipe at horses, who would be terrified by the elephants sights and sounds in any case. The elephant is a more intelligent animal than a horse in a dynamic battle. If an elephant is wounded in battle it becomes very proactive and fearsome.
In the battle field Alexander noted in his records that huge and handsome Porus on his mighty elephant looked the same proportion as a greek soldier to his horse.
In the bloody battle, at Lilla, Mong on the banks of river Jhelum, Porus lost his young son. Alexander lost his horse Bucephalus done in by Prince Amar , Porus's brother. He also lost his brave Greek General Nicaea.
Both were physically wounded too and were not mentally geared to fight--of course one was the deflated invader who had bitten off more than what he could chew --and the other the defender, ready to take on the invader.
Alexander had just lost his Harley Davidson bike ( his horse ) which he rode on all his battles for 10 years-- and was now unable to even ride a bicycle. He was a mere shadow of the fierce and proud warrior he was.
There was NO point in defeating Porus , even if he could -- and setting the mighty Nandas and Maurya's after him for sure.
Initially, a demoralised Alexander send the Ambhi the King of Taxila for truce. Porus got furious on seeing the traitor Indian king and threw a spear at him and drove him away.
Porus was poised to deliver the final blow.
Alexander now played the ace up his sleeve.
He sent Roxana to tie a rakhi on Porus, to be his sister--an old Indian custom. It now became Porus's responsibility to ensure Alexander was safe-- an iron clad guarantee.
Then Alexander send his own emissary to sue for peace. There was NO other way he would have got back to Greece in one piece.
After the truce , Alexander gave Porus "back" his Kingdom ( it was never taken away in the first place ) and added a few small kingdoms which he had captured to add to it-- not out of kindness but for self preservation. He had bitten off more than what he could chew.
In return Porus gave Alexander a few elephants , with instructions on how to use them in war and a Tibetan Mastiff --the ONLY dog who can ignore pain. He also gifted some diamonds ,-- India was the only source of diamonds in the world till the 19th century.
Porus gave Alexander a stock of living KATTARVAZHA ( the west call it Aloe Vela ) an Ayurvedic magic healing herb from Kerala ( it requires tropical soil ) to fast forward heal his wounds.
Alexander would NOT have survived without it. He was told to stock up this herb on the way back from Socotra , where the Vedic Indians were growing it since 8000 BC , to make incense , for holy Yagnas and trade with the west. Socotra has some strange element in its soil to grow heavenly plants. St Thomas tried to get Aloe Vela on his passage to India (after Christ died) and got shipwrecked at Socotra, due to strong currents.
Digression: Alexander was a hardcore homosexual , just like his father. Why did he marry dark skinned Roxana, just before coming to India ? And that too by antagonising his boyfriend and his personal hermaphrodite tent mate . It was for immediate political reasons--for the crucial alliance with King of Taxila. His heir with Roxana would never be accepted by the Greeks , right? ( the way Indians have accepted Sonia Gandhi )
( Draupadi has put a tourniquet on Lord Krishna's bleeding wrist by tearing off a piece of her saree-- and in return Krishna had saved her from Dushasana who tried to strip her naked in public in 4000 BC -- starting a religious festival in India )
One village was named after the fallen super horse Bucephalus. This nervous horse could NOT suffer the infrasound of the mighty elephants roar-- nor of the Tibetan Mastiffs.
The Greeks did no go back to Greece the same way they came-- In consultation with Porus, Alexander sailed down the Indus and Jhelum rivers, to prevent ambush ( deadly poisoned arrows from hidden tree tops , from where a big percentage of Alexander's army was decimated ) and further encounters with elephants.
The Greeks were totally demoralised by this deadly tree top warfare. They were more used to their favourite turf of wide plains, where their own tactics worked.
Indians used thin arrows made of rosewood which could fly further , pierce greek armour ,through and through and be very accurate. The hidden archers were deadly.
After a few years Emperor Chandragupta Maurya set his 9000 elephants ( count by Megastenes ) on Seleucus Nicator, Alexander's Satrap and drove the 400000 Greeks away from India forever and retook Hindu Kush ie Afghanistan and Balochistan..
Chandra gupta also married Seleucus's daughter. In return Seleucus secured 500 mighty elephants.
The politics of Chandra Gupta's master strategist Prime Minister Chanakya, who was a teacher in Taxila University ( the first world university of the planet, founded 3000 BC ) when Alexander invaded, is well documented in Indian history.
Chandragupta's grandson was Emperor Ashoka who gave us the Indian emblem.
Alexander came to the world's first civilization which existed on the banks of the river Saraswati from 9000 BC to 4000 BC. In 4000 BC the glacial mouth of this river at Himalayas dried up, and the civilization died , forcing a mass exodus, shifting the focus to Ganges and the Induas valley civilization. Aryans went OUTWARDS and never INWARDS. The Rig Veda written in 5000 BC does not talk about the Ganges at all.
In 7000 BC Aryan Indian Emperor Vikramaditya, based at Ujjain ( Khhpira river-- site of 12 yearly Kumbh Mela ) ruled from Jerusalem to Urals to Cambodia. It was he-- who gave and never took/ vandalised -- who spread the laws of Manu.
The power of the black meteorite stones at Mecca Kaaba , Jerusalem Dome of the rock , Petra ( this civilization died after the black stone was stolen ) and the temples of the far east were endorsed by Vikramaditya. In India wherever we saw this black stone we built a temple on it, and then a town grew outwards ( the equivalent of the quintessential western gold rush )
In the epic " The life and exploits of Alexander " -- Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge who worked in the British museum in the 20th century, gives a blow by blow account of the peace treaty. He did not paint Alexander without his warts and did NOT prefer romantic lore churned out by embedded poets and writers , of the triumph of organised west over uncivilised east,-- to the naked truth..
History re-invented says -- the Greek soldiers were HOME SICK and tired -- when Alexander used to send a percentage of his army back home on leave every month with the loot and plunder --
HOME SICK INDEED!!!-- just 85 war elephants( of a minor Indian king , who never deserved a mention in Indian records ) made them homesick and cry babies --
When the western countries, came out from the quaternary ice age in 9500 BC, and were staying in caves, eating raw meat and doing grunt grunt, India was a great civilization, with kings staying in palaces, wearing silk and writing poetry in Sanskrit. An employee German Max Mueller working for German Jews Rothschild, the owner of opium running British East India company, was told by Vatican to subvert world history to prove to all, that Bible dates are right. That the big bang of cosmos happened in 23rd Oct 4004 BC, 9 AM ( while it happened 14 billion years ago ) and that the great flood with Noah’s arc and party happened in 2500 BC ( life came on earth 4 billion years ago ) . BY 5000 BC, the Indian Rig Veda was written in Sanskrit. Every religion and prayer on this planet is an offshoot of Hinduism and every language is an offshoot of Sanskrit. The Aryans went out of India, with their Swastika symbol ( inscribed on Shiva's son Ganesha's palm ) as modern DNA tests have proved, never into India, as contended by Hitler . The Indian Dravidian Anahata Chakra 6 point star has been adopted by Jewish religion. Shiva Lingam stones of ex-pagan temples are the main attraction at Mecca Kaaba , Dome of the rock at Jerusalem and Vatican.
CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL