THE INDENTURED COOLIE , SLAVERY REINVENTED -- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
Some push us around, some curse us
Where is our splendor and prestige ?
The whole world calls us black thieves.
The whole world calls us “coolie.”
Why doesn’t our flag fly anywhere?
Why do we feel low and humiliated?
Why is there no respect for us in this world?
-- 200 year old Indian immigrant song
My first introduction to indentured labour was in 1975 when as a young third officer my ship was navigating off Suriname. I had the DF on MW and heard Hindi and Bhojpuri mix with a strange accent on radio .
Seeing my puzzled look, my old quarter master told me that half the population of Suriname are the descendants of Indentured labor from India . He told me a few shocking stories narrated to him when he was a young strapping sailor by Lascars. Now lascar is also a derogatory term like coolie—only difference being Lascar is Indian sailor scum who worked under European officers on olden sailing tall ships.
Since then whenever my ship went to lands where Indian indentured labour worked two centuries ago , I made it a point to get information . Countries like Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Jamaica, South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, Reunion , Kenya , Tanzania, Malaya etc had the bulk of Indian labour.
Most of the time it would be Government servants of Indian origin like Immigration, Customs, port Health, agents etc who visited the ship for arrival formalities. The young lot only knew that they were Indians , almost all of them used Bollywood movies to be in touch with their roots.
These countries have destroyed all history of indentured labour , even in their history text books of school. The idea was to destroy their psyche and to destroy the fountainhead of spirit.. I had specific questions for them about their wretched history and they would come back and tell after consulting their nostalgic grandparents. Such interaction invariably rekindled something inside their DNA and they hoped to visit India to trace their roots and culture. All of them were happy and privileged to speak to an original Indian from the motherland.
Around 1834 the English speaking white man abolished slavery. He then reinvented slavery in the form of Indentured labour from India. It was a worse form of slavery. Attractive ,glowing , blushing , dark skinned young Indian women , now came into the equation.
It was a win-win situation for the sailors on ships on the long 20 week voyage and the white colonial masters and overseers in the destination country. After all the black slave women could not hold their interest.
Recruiting agents in India called Arkatia ( the hook ) were paid a handsome some for good looking native women. Invariably the naive protector husbands, fathers or brothers of such women would mysteriously fall overboard, get killed or get missing. These gullible males used to be promised cushy supervisory jobs and handsome wages and the promise that the promised land is just over the horizon. Some women were just kidnapped and shanghaied. Some were child widows who had nothing to lose.
All were duped into signing ( thumb printing ) extensive 5 year contracts with vague terms and conditions in English, which they could not understand. The British government in India and even the Christian missionaries did nothing to stop this blatant mass deception. Sometimes just before sailing women would be secretly separated from their husbands and put on the next ship.
A lot of women died of venereal diseases. A lot men and children died on the sea passage due to dysentery, typhoid, malnutrition etc. The ships doctor would be given a bonus for every person delivered alive.
The survivors of the terrible sea voyage kala paani ordeal, sitting , sleeping and eating amidst their own waste, identified themselves with the ship they travelled and forged a sense of unity and strong bhai—behen bonds, with only their religion , culture and festivals for spiritual resilience and support.
More than a million Indentured Indians landed in the Caribbean itself. A lot of them were cotton and Indigo workers whose industries were destroyed by the British East India company (owned by Rothschild German Jews). Prime fertile land was earmarked for growing opium, to be sold in China for massive profits. An onerous taxation system forced many starving farmers off their land. Vague records were maintained.
Most of the indentured labour were from UP, Bihar, Orissa, Bengal and Tamil nadu. 5.3 lakh went to Guyana alone, while Mauritius had 3.5 lakhs , Malaya 2.5 lakhs and Trinidad had 1.5 lakh.
As soon as the Indentured Indian landed ashore he would be marched to estates and housed in slave barracks without mattresses or pillows. Life was dehumanizing, with no honour, little pay, poor diet, long toiling hours , insults , monetary fines and floggings with cattle whips at the slightest provocation.
Cat of nine tails was used on deserters to bloody their backs and then rubbed with chillie and salt. Most of the time these "deserters" were the guys who objected to their pretty wives and sisters being taken away by the white man to his home for sex.
Death from Malaria, Typhoid, TB , Cholera , Beriberi, Hookworm etc took the toll. There was no clean water or latrines. They were unable even to bury or cremate the dead. In Grenada about 2000 sick Indians were kicked off the estate to die on the road side, nude ,skeleton ed and maggotted with even the parish missionaries turning the other way from these poor wailing souls .
In Africa while building rail and roads they were eaten up by lions . After completing their 5 year contract they had to pay for their return fare.
And with monetary fines for small offences, there was little money.
A new born child would be arbitrarily recorded as “ coolie” with name of father and mother also as “ coolie “. If you go to South Africa , where there are currently about 1.2 million Indians--and look into the telephone directory there are more NAIDOOS than the Naidus in India.
The grapevine is as follows — a ship lands up , the white immigration officer is drunk, hot and bothered seeing so many monkey look alikes . He says “ All of you fuc#ers are NAIDOOS — carry on!” .
You will find hundreds of Indian names like Govender ( Govinda ), Moodley ( Murali ), Patiyachi ( beats me? ) in the telephone directory too.
Never in the history of mankind has there been a saga of such greed and injustice-- where more than 1.2 million innocent humans were duped whole sale , given a life sentence , dumped in far flung corners of the planet and forgotten for ever.
Today there are 3.1 million Indian origin people in the Caribbean alone.
The majority of the Indians living in the English-speaking Caribbean came from eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar, while those brought to Guadeloupe and Martinique were mostly from, from Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. About twenty two percent of the indentured were Tamils and Telugus particularly in Trinidad and Tobago, and Guyana.
Yes -- SLAVERY REINVENTED by "man without a conscience" --John Gladstone and endorsed by the British crown.
Fabulously rich John Gladstone, (1763-1851) owned almost all the sugar plantations in Jamaica, and was the biggest slave trader . He was the stooge of Opium runner and British East India company owner, German Jew Rothschild, in British Parliament, where he was MP for 9 years. When slavery was abolished he was desperate to get Indentured labour from India, in his estates. The Indians lived in worse slave like conditions, and he would NOT even feed them properly.
This evil and greedy man fooled the Indians by false promises. From 1838 to 1917, In British Guiana alone 260, 000 Indians were slaves. He bribed British Prime minister Sir Robert Peel, and made himself a Baronet in 1846. Then he bribed again using his Rothschild connection, and made sure his son , William Ewart Gladstone, was in politics in the cabinet of "good friend" Robert Peel, and in line to be future Prime Minister of UK.
AN APOLOGY IS LONG OVERDUE.
The Indian Vedic civilisation flourished from 9000 BC to 4000 BC on the banks of the river Saraswati, till the river dried up due to an earthquake blocking the glacial mouth at the Himalayas. In 9500 BC the white mans land had just come out from the Quaternary ice age.
John Gladstone's exact words in the British Parliament was QUOTE "-- negroes yield to the ardent and uncontrolled influence of the fassions, where a promiscuous intercourse of the sexes takes place, there consequently fewer children are born ...so constant supply of negroes from Africa is requisite.--" UNQUOTE
NATHAN MAYER ROTHSCHILD NEEDED A SYSTEM WHERE DEAD SLAVES DO NOT HAVE TO BE REPLACED BY MORE SHIPMENTS OF SLAVES--
THEY NEEDED THEIR SLAVES TO REPRODUCE IN A PROFLIGATE MANNER, WHILE IN SLAVERY AND WHILE ON THE JOB. HENCE THE JUMP FROM SLAVES TO " FERTILE INDIAN GENE INDENTURED LABOUR" --USING SLAVE TRADER JOHN GLADSTONE TO ARGUE THE CASE.
IMAGINE A FAMOUS SLAVE TRADER JOHN GLADSTONE WAS MADE BARONET IN 1846, SUCH WAS THE MORALITY OF THE BRITISH QUEEN AND THE WORTH OF KNIGHTHOOD OF THE CROWN.
Below are pictures of slave trader Sir John Gladstone and his son William Gladstone, who was made Prime Minister
Click on the video link above --a prayer for the dead unknown souls!
CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL