Friday, August 29, 2014

BILVA , KOOVALAM TREE - CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL



Bilva tree is called wood apple tree and its botanical name is Aegle marmilos.

Bilva tree ( Koovalam in Malayalam ) has been held sacred for many millennia by Hindus and offerings made to Shiva are incomplete without Bilva leaves.

As per our puranas , the bilva or bael tree grew from a spot where the sweat of Goddess Parvati  fell on the Mandrachal mountain, which existed in the east of mount Meru..



People who can see auras can see that the bilva tree has a strong aura, probably due to nano mercury in its leave. The leaves emit positive energy and absorbs negative energy. Try keeping some fresh bilva leaves at your work place desk , if there is a foul vindictive atmosphere there .

The trifoliate leaves ( tripatra ) represents the three eyes of Lord Shiva OR Shiva’s trishul which represents the trinity of Dvaita Hindusim  – creator / mediator / destroyer.

Punch into Google search-
DVAITA VEDANTA OF SANATANA DHARMA OR HINDUISM VADAKAYIL  .


The coconut with three eyes is also offered to Lord Shiva. Only the middle eye can be pierces the the two are hard.  In places where Hindus have NO access to tropical tree coconuts, bilva leaves are used instead.
Goddess Lakshmi , wife of Lord Vishnu hold a fruit of Koovalam in her right hand.

The 6000 year old Ayurveda uses every part of this tree for amazing cures and prevention.

The bilva tree is resistant to any harsh condition thrown at it .

The bilva tree is usually found next to Shiva temples. Hindu puranas Shiva Purana, Padma Purana , Skanda Purana,  Devi Bhagavatha Purana etc details the procedures and protocol involving the bilva ( bael ) tree.

Koovalam wood with a resinous gum is used as yupam in various sacred yagnas like the athirathram.  

Yupam  is NOT a sacrificial post to tether sacrificial animals as tom tommed by  the white invader and their fake mutts.   


Yupam is a garuda flag  pole erected on the midpoint of eastern boundary of the yaga vedi of athiratram.  


Spread across 12 days,  Athirathram done often in my home town of Calicut is the oldest surviving vedic Yajurveda yaga.


Even a fallen bilva tree is never used as firewood.

When you have something as holy as this for Hindus, the immoral white invader must inject some poison , to drive a wedge between Shaivites and Vaishnavites ,  right?  


So here it is .

QUOTE - Brihaddharma Purana says Goddess Lakshmi , the wife of Lord Vishnu prayed to Shiva every day and offered him 10,000 lotus buds.  One day she fell short by two buds.  Remembering that Vishnu had compared her breasts to lotus buds , she cut one off and offered it humbly.  Before she could cut the other boob , Lord Shiva, pleased like pudding with her , stopped her.  Her cut breast became the fruit of the Bilva tree.- UNQUOTE


These are the types of stories churned out every single day in our national newspaper Times of India vide the spirituality column.   

Below :  " There is not one instance, not one single, solitary instance in which BR Ambedkar participated in any activity connected with that struggle to free the country.  Quite the contrary--at every possible turn he opposed the campaigns of the National Movement, at every setback to the Movement he was among those cheering the failure"  Arun Shourie in his book -- "Worshipping false gods "


And I guess all this has the sanction of enemies of Hinduism from within , the Hindu wolves in sheep's clothing , who are ruling us today.





TO BE CONTINUED -





II shrii ganeshaaya namaaha II

tridalam triguNaakaaram trinetram cha trayaayudham I
trijanmaa paapasanhaaram eka Bilva shivaarpaNam II 1 II

trishaakhair Bilva patraisha hyaschidrai komalai shubhai I
shivapoojaam karishyaami eka Bilva shivaarpaNam II 2 II

akhanda bilvapatreNa poojite nandikeshware I
shudhyantii sarva paapebhyo eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 3 II

shaaligram shilaama ekaam vipraaNaam jaatu arpayet I
somayadnya mahaapuNyam eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 4 II

dantikotisahasraNi ashwamedha shataanicha I
kotikanyaa mahaadaanam eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 5 II

laxmyaa stnam utpanam mahadevasya cha priyam I
bilva vruksham prayachchhaami eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 6 II

darshanam bilva vrukshasya sparshanam paapanaashanam I
aghorapaapa sanhaaram eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 7 II

moolato brahma roopaaya madhyato Vishnu roopiNe I
agrataha shiva roopaaya eka bilva shivaarpaNam II 8 II

bilvashtakam ediam puNyam yaha paThet shiva sanidhou I
sarva papa vinirmuktaaha shivalokam avaapnuyaat II 9 II

II eti bilvashtakam sampoorNam II

Meaning :

1) I offer Bilva Patra (A Bilva Patra is so called leaf having three small leaves.) to God Shiva. This Bilva Patra is a form of the three human qualities. Good Virtue (Satva), Passion (Raja quality) and Irascible (Tama quality). This Bilva Patra is like three eyes, Sun, Moon and Fire. It is like three weapons. It is destroyer of sins committed in earlier three births. I perform pooja of God Shiva with such Bilva Patra.

2) I offer Bilva Patra to God Shiva. This Bilva Patra is very pious, soft and there are no holes on it. As such it is complete in it self. It is like three branches. I perform pooja of God Shiva with this Bilva Patra.

3) I offer Bilva Patra to God Shiva. After performing pooja of Nandikeshwar (God Shiva) by offering complete Bilva Patra (as described in 2 above) to him, we become free from our sins.

4) i) Soma Yadnya (Sacrifices and such like things) is performed to receive blessings from God, to accomplish good things in our life and to destroy our sins. ii) People who perform religious duties even for others offer Shaligram (God in the form of a very pious Stone) to God Shiva. These (i) and (ii) are very pious and good things however to offer Bilva Patra to God Shiva is much more pious thing of all. Hence I offer Bilva Patra to God Shiva.

5) i) Long time back Kings and rich people in India were donating elephants. ii) Ashwamedha Yadnya (Sacrifices and such like things) were performed. iii) At time of marriage, father of bride is donating his daughter to bridegroom, and this is considered as a very pious thing performed by him. Above i), ii) and iii) are no doubt very pious things performed however offering Bilva Patra to God Shiva is much more pious thing than all. Hence I offer Bilva Patra to God Shiva.

6) Bilva Tree is created By Godess Laxmi who is wife of God Vishnu. God Shiva Likes Bilva Tree (Bilva Patra) very much. I perform pooja of God Shiva with Bilva Patra.

7) When we see Bilva Tree and touch it, it simply destroys our sins. Even our very bad and biggest sins are removed and we become free from our sins. Hence I perform pooja of God Shiva with Bilva Patra.

8) Lower part of Bilva Patra is God Brahma, Middle part of Bilva Patra is God Vishnu and Upper part is God Shiva himself hence I perform pooja of God Shiva with Bilva Patra.

9) Whosoever recites this Bilvashtakam by sitting in front of God Shiva temple will become free from all his sins and rest in Shiva Loka along with God Shiva after his death.

Thus here completes Bilvashtakam.




CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL
..

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

UNDERSTANDING OBESITY, SHEDDING SUBCUTANEOUS AND VISCERAL FAT - CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL

FIGHTING THE OBESITY EPIDEMIC,  LEPTIN , GHRELIN,  CORTISOL,  VIRGIN COCONUT OIL ,  ADIPONECTIN,   HEPCIDIN ,  HYPOTHYROIDISM ,   KETOSIS ,   INSULIN RESISTANCE,   THERMOGENESIS- CAPT AJIT VADAKAYIL


BEING SLIM IS NOT ALL ABOUT INTAKE CALORIES BEING LESS THAN BURNT OUT CALORIES ,  AS SOME DIMWITS THINK !

I AM A BIT BUSY -

MEANWHILE ENJOY THESE PICTURES --  THIS COULD BE YOU ONE DAY !


Above:  Hey sexy lady -- men with huge balls sling it over their shoulders for fear of stepping on it -- just a tip !   

Or you could put a helmet with rear view mirrors and walk backwards. ( insensitive ?--so be it !--  the idea is to give a JHATKA !!) 


Above: Peeping Toms -- excuze pleeaaje ! This is  subcutaneous fat ( which can be grabbed by fingers ) .











See the video below in HD


If you have seen the video ( above ) of the FATTY LIVER dissected out of the cadaver — then you must know what causes it  .

Punch into Google search-

HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP, FATTY LIVER DISEASE  VADAKAYIL

Below : Mama mia ! This is visceral fat ( which cannot be grabbed by fingers ) . .



Below video :  Obviously fat women cannot make SHAGGY sing !


THERE ARE THOUSANDS OF SITES ON THE INTERNET ABOUT FAT LOSS , WRITTEN BY PEOPLE WITHOUT PERCEPTION --  

SOME ARE PEA-BRAINED NUTRITIONISTS AND SPORTS COACHES , WHO HAVE NO IDEA WHAT THEY ARE TALKING ABOUT .

Below : Liposuction to remove subcutaneous fat --prevention is better than cure , for this removed fat comes right back , soon.


There are two types of fat stored in the body.  The first is “essential”  fat . This is fat that is stored in the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, intestines, muscles, central nervous system, and bone marrow.   This fat is “essential” for the organs to function properly.  


The lowest limit of essential body fat for women is 12% while the lowest limit for men is 3%.   Fat  is essential for the healthy functioning of the body and women will need to carry more body fat than men.  

The second type of fat is “stored”  fat.   This includes the visceral fat that is surrounding the internal organs of the body (for protection from trauma) and fat that is subcutaneous (stored just beneath the skin’s surface). 
  

Above:  The boy has grabbed subcutaneous fat ( external ) of the Sumo wrestler--  Sumo wrestlers frequently have excess subcutaneous fat,  but little or no visceral fat.
  .

Below: This pot belly contains visceral fat ( internal ) and this cannot be grabbed by the boy's fingers.


The human body is designed to store excess fat as an energy reserve.  If you consume more calories than is needed, the excess calories are stored as subcutaneous fat.

Fat that is located just under your skin is subcutaneous.  Subcutaneous fat can be frustratingly  difficult to budge .  Belly fat that hangs ( till the floor TEE HEEEE ) and which can be grasped by fingers is subcutaneous.  

While the inner fat inside the stomach which cannot be held by hand and which makes the stomach stand like a pot is visceral. So belly fat can be both subcutaneous as well as visceral ..


Men tend to accumulate fat in the belly women, accumulate it in their thighs and ass—OOPS-- buttocks.  

Below: Cellulite is dimpled .


Cellulite is fat deposits just below the skin, usually  in the abdomen , ass—nay—buttocks and thighs .Skin brushing can specifically target areas of cellulite. In Ayurveda we do nava dhanya abrasive broken grain massage –with each type grain having different hardness and size.  

Using a skin brush in small circular movements over cellulite areas every 4 days will  help to break down the fatty deposits that cause the dimpled appearance. 

Usually fat will be removed ( diet / exercise ) in the same order that it was laid down . This pattern is set by the body and cannot be influenced through specific training, as some dumbo sports/ gym coaches think . .  

Below:   DUH ?    DUH !!!


One of the best fat burning exercises is brisk walking.   If exercise is at a higher intensity, the fuel that is needed to maintain a higher level of intensity is pulled from a different source.

Brisk walking is effective in reducing excess subcutaneous body fat as you do not feed you face mindlessly with junk food at the same time.   Plastic surgery such as liposuction of the video above can remove subcutaneous fat but NEVER visceral fat.  


Usually after  liposuction, the human body will usually compensate with an increase in subcutaneous fat  unless you have a diet and exercise regimen going.  Many slothful film stars have found this out the hard way .
Subcutaneous fat located at the waist — the finger pinchable fat — can be frustratingly difficult to budge, but in normal-weight people, it’s generally not considered as much of a health threat as visceral fat is. You should be more worried about your health that your looks .

Subcutaneous abdominal fat is hard to burn through diet and exercise and is called “stubborn” abdominal fat. 

The subcutaneous abdominal fat at the belly is stubborn because  the network of blood vessels is not as dense in the area where this type of fat occurs, as it is with visceral fat.  



It is further away from the portal vein than visceral fat, and it has to travel a longer distance to reach the main “highway” that will take it to other tissues (e.g., muscle) for use as energy.

Subcutaneous fat is resistant to elimination through “burning” ( thermogenesis or lipolysis ). Lipolysis involves hydrolysis of triglycerides into glycerol and free fatty acids involving hormones like ghrelin, cortisol etc. I will talk about such hormones later .


Reason is because subcutaneous fat cells have a lower concentration of beta adrenoreceptors (which stimulate lipolysis) and a higher concentration of alpha adrenoreceptors (which inhibit lipolysis). Subcutaneous abdominal fat,  is less responsive to exercise than visceral abdominal fat.



Beta adrenoreceptors, are responsive to dieting -- subcutaneous fat cells are primarily studded with alpha-2 adrenoreceptors.   They are far more resistant to shrinkage through ordinary dieting-induced lipolysis. Subcutaneous lower belly fat has a decreased blood supply and is less sensitive to the catecholamines.  





You cannot  choose the location from which stored fat is metabolized .  Fat is stored in a unique and systematic pattern for each individual mostly based on genetics.  

Excess energy that is stored as fat will be laid down in a specific pattern for each individual. Some people will store fat beginning in the abdomen and then progressing to the upper extremities, face and neck, and then lower extremities.   Others will store fat beginning in the hips and thighs, abdomen, and then upper extremities, face and neck.  


Subcutaneous (lower belly fat) is more sensitive to insulin compared to visceral fat,  so it is more difficult to burn.  Insulin works on fat cells by increasing fat storage and decreasing fat release.  A fat cell that is more insulin sensitive only requires small amounts of insulin to shut down its release of fat.  An insulin sensitive fat cell is a maha stingy fat cell that does not want to release its fat.




Low carb diets reduce the activity of the alpha adrenergic receptors and may speed subcutaneous fat loss. Exercising in a hot environment MAY increase blood flow to subcutaneous fat tissue and increase fat release. Avoid cool cozy AC gyms OR put on a track suit.

Subcutaneous stored fat can be reversed and utilized as an energy source when blood sugar is low. Subcutaneous fat is reduced when the body needs fuel to keep the body moving. As muscles are exercised and blood flow is increased to and from the muscles, the body is better able to mobilize from the fat stored within the body and metabolize that fat into energy.

Subcutaneous fat has more alpha adrenergic receptors (block fat release), while visceral fat has more beta adrenergic receptors (enhance fat release).   


Hanging lower belly fat (subcutaneous) is more of an indication of leptin resistance while visceral fat is more an indication of insulin resistance. 


Diet and exercise will reduce visceral fat.   Diet is more important to reduce subcutaneous fat. Obese men tend to lose more visceral (internal) fat while obese women lose more subcutaneous fat. 


Below:  DUH !  DUH !! DUH !!!  WEEEP DUH ?




Fat that is deeply embedded in your abdominal region is visceral. You cannot grasp visceral fat with your hand. It is out of reach and inside your body.  It lies deeply inside your abdomen, filling the spaces between your organs.  

Visceral fat wraps around organs such as your liver and spleen. This kind of fat can interrupt the regular function of your organs and produce harmful substances. Visceral fat is associated with heart disease, metabolic disturbances and sleep apnea. 

Insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, which can lead to Type 2 diabetes, are also associated with visceral fat.  However the good news is that visceral fat yields fairly easily to exercise and diet.


Poor diet and lack of exercise leads to weight gain in the form of visceral fat, which is especially a danger as you age because of its associated health risks.  

Visceral fat wraps around the inner organs . While abdominal exercises strengthen the underlying muscles, they do not specifically reduce the overlying fat. 

Below:  DUH ? DUH !!


You can see thin people with excess visceral fat.  Excess visceral fat causes you to die early.

Visceral fat has been linked to a long list of adverse health conditions, including:-- 
High blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease
High cholesterol
Diabetes
Breast cancer
Dementia

One of the main reasons visceral fat is so deadly is because of its role in inflammation, a natural immune response that has lately been tied to almost every chronic disease there is. 


Substances released by visceral fat, includes free fatty acids, which enter the portal vein and travel to the liver, where they can influence the production of blood lipids. Visceral fat is directly linked with higher total cholesterol and LDL (bad) cholesterol, lower HDL (good) cholesterol, and insulin resistance.  



Visceral fat responds well to dieting and exercise, for instance, while subcutaneous fat does not.Visceral fat cells are predominantly studded with structures known as beta adrenoreceptors, which, when triggered by certain signals (prompted by reduced calorie intake, for example), stimulate the cells to undergo lipolysis.


During lipolysis, the lipids (fats in the form of triglycerides), which make up the bulk of the fat cell, are converted to free fatty acids, which are then oxidized as “fuel” to decrease fat stores. 



In essence, lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation comprise the process commonly referred to as “fat burning.” As these lipids are metabolized to release energy, fat stores are depleted, and adipose cells shrink. . 


Visceral belly fat has a greater blood flow and is more responsive to catecholamines, your fat burning hormonal gas peddles.  It is stored close to the liver and drains right into the portal vein giving the liver quick access to fuel in times of famine.


Visceral fat is like a parasite doing damage to its host with increased cortisol levels while perpetuating its survival.  



Deep belly fat has 400% more cortisol receptors compared to subcutaneous fat.  This enzyme is called 11 beta HSD, and it is stimulated by insulin.

In India we never had all these problems when we used fresh turmeric in our curry. Curcumin, from turmeric, is a belly fat reducing aid since it blocks the enzyme fatty acid synthase (FAS), the nuclear receptor PPAR gamma, reduces leptin, and reduces the release of inflammatory cytokines.  




It also blocks 11 beta HSD, an enzyme that increases cortisol levels in deep belly fat perpetuating its growth.  Decreased fat storage, decrease fat cell maturation, decreased leptin resistance, and decreased visceral belly fat cycle. 


In comparison to visceral cells, subcutaneous cells are greater in number .  But the visceral cells are actually larger in size per cell.  And they get to be so big that they atrophy themselves—at which point they continuously inflammatory cytokines.   


They promote atherosclerosis, tumor growth, aging, oxidation, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Reducing visceral belly fat takes a combination approach of a low-calorie diet that is high in fiber and low in carbohydrates and sugar along with cardiovascular and weight training .  


Visceral fat is just NOT an inert lump of lard, cushioning your internal organs ( pana kumbha – rich man’s tummy )  but it constantly pumps poisons into your bloodstream.  Visceral fat is known to cause inflammation in the colon and the artery walls, and is a major cause of heart disease, diabetes and some types of cancer.

Visceral fat increases production of the stress hormone, cortisol, and reduces levels of feel-good endorphins.  So, along with killing you, visceral fat, makes you feel like an as$hole—nay-- CHOOT .

But visceral fat disappears fast with diet and exercise. Really we should NOT be having so many pandu havaldars—nay-- policemen in India with pot bellies. 


The police DGP must read this post. Army jawans eat much more rich and high calorie food , yet they do NOT have ugly tonds ( pot bellies ).


Some of the chemicals secreted from belly visceral fat cause inflammation, which cause causes depression--and reduces morale .

Overall, abdominal visceral fat seems to be the main culprit behind many of the health problems traditionally pinned on obesity.


Beer contains rapidly digested carbs that shut down fat burning. That’s why beer is sometimes referred to as “liquid bread” which causes “beer belly.”

Accumulation of visceral fat correlates with insulin resistance, whereas subcutaneous fat deposition correlates with circulating leptin levels  . 


So, what is Leptin and what is Ghrelin?   Kaun sa khet ka beetroot hai, yeh ?

Leptin tells your body it's full and ghrelin stimulates appetite.  


When you don't sleep, they get all out of whack—this makes your leptin levels decrease and your ghrelin levels increase.  This is why fatsos must have good sleep.  


The result?  

The fatso eats  unconsciously – he loves to raid the fridge even when his stomach is busting full  . Ghrelin and leptin act on the brain via the hypothalamus .

Leptin is secreted primarily in fat cells, as well as the stomach, heart, placenta, and skeletal muscle.  Leptin decreases hunger.  Leptin tells the hypothalamus that we have enough fat in the kitty , so we can eat less or stop eating.  

For weight loss — the more leptin the better.

You’d think, then, that fatter folks would somehow magically stop eating or start losing weight once their leptin levels were high enough. 

Alas ! 

The fatso can become leptin resistant . His brain aint listening .  There is no drop in appetite nor there is increased metabolism. 


His brain might even think he is starving, because as far as it’s concerned, there’s not enough leptin. So it makes him even hungrier.  It’s a vicious cycle. Eat more, gain body fat.  More body fat means more leptin in fat cells. Too much fat means that proper leptin signalling is disrupted. 


The brain thinks he is starving, which makes him wanna eat more. He gets fatter. And hungrier.  

He eateth  more. Gaineth  more fat. And so on and so forth .

Leptin is known as the fat hormone; it is made in your white adipose tissue or stored fat. Following a meal, leptin is released from your fat, enters your blood, and travels up to your brain where it delivers a message that you are full and also lets your subconscious brain know how much fuel you have on hand –almost like the fuel meter in your car.

One of the simple-case leptin problems encountered by people who are overweight is that their leptin “gas gauge” is sticky, or in more advanced cases, broken.  This is called leptin resistance because leptin is either not getting into your brain correctly or not registering properly in your hypothalamus gland once it does enter your brain.

Leptin resistance is similar to insulin resistance ( they share common signalling pathways). Insulin resistance occurs when there’s lots of insulin being produced (for example, with a diet high in sugar and simple carbohydrate), but the body and brain have stopped “listening” to insulin’s effects.



Another leptin resistance fun fact is that fructose induces leptin resistance . So avoid all those HFCS loaded soft drinks.  Fructose has no effect on ghrelin and interferes with your brain's communication with leptin, resulting in overeating. 

Over time, consuming too many calories from fat and simple sugars damages the nerves that conduct signals through the hypothalamus, affecting the function of leptin and ghrelin, and thus the body’s ability to regulate weight and metabolism.


Because of this damage, the signals don’t get through about how much fat is stored. Fat hormone leptin are often the primary cause of many of the hypothyroid symptoms in overweight individuals.



Morbidly obese individuals generally exhibit an unusually high circulating concentration of leptin. These people are said to be resistant to the effects of leptin, in much the same way that people with type 2 diabetes are resistant to the effects of insulin.  

MSG (monosodium glutamate/ ajinomoto ) makes your appetite spiral out of control. Your body loses its ability to tell that it’s full because MSG suppresses leptin. You end up eating more than you normally would and get hungrier sooner.   MSG is loaded in ALL fast food and most processed food.

Leptin ( satisfaction hormone ) works with sensors in your brain to signal when you’ve had enough to eat.  Leptin made by fat cells, thus decreases your appetite.

In other words, your brain has gone haywire and you can no longer trust the messages it’s sending you about appetite, hunger, and fullness.  It’s like your gas gauge points to empty all the time, whether or not the tank is full.

Along with being overweight comes insulin and leptin resistance,

The Leptin Diet helps optimize leptin function in your body and unlock easier weight loss.

1:  Never eat after dinner—no raiding the fridge . 
2:  Eat three meals a day ( do not snack ). 
3:  Do not eat large meals, that your stomach stretches . 
4:  Eat a breakfast containing protein.-i will tell why later 
5:  Reduce the amount of sugar and carbohydrates eaten.

One function of leptin is to set the long term energy spending policy of your body based on available food supply. Your subconscious brain interprets leptin resistance to mean a famine is going on, even though you are often eating too much on a regular basis. This is a faulty perception of starvation.

In this tricky situation, leptin tells the TRH (thyroid releasing hormone) department in your hypothalamus gland to set thyroid hormone to a low level so that energy is conserved, otherwise your body may perish from starvation.  

Your hypothalamus then has a major influence over how much TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) your pituitary will produce.  Your subconscious brain intentionally turns down the volume on your metabolism so that you can survive a hibernation period , which does not exist.

Too much stress, too much inflammation, poor physical fitness, a chronic health condition, overeating, and snacking between meals are key factors that confuse leptin and make its job much more difficult. 

Thus, when you crave for one more chocolate  too often, it means  that leptin is not getting into your brain correctly and your thyroid system is not functioning up to par.



It is subcutaneous fat that is a stronger determinant than visceral fat of circulating levels of leptin, the key hunger-regulating hormone.  Leptin influences you and you cheat on your diet program.

Leptin resistance, is almost similar to insulin resistance, in which the cells no longer respond normally to a hormone messenger.  This is due, in part, to the fact that in obese people, leptin interacts with inflammation-related proteins, such as C-reactive protein. 

This interaction blocks leptin’s ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, preventing leptin from transmitting its satiety signals.


Leptin resistance is both a cause and a consequence of obesity. Once leptin resistance takes hold, it aggravates diet-induced obesity and the leptin resistance and obesity compound one another, promoting a vicious cycle of escalating weight gain.  Leptin resistance specifically causes your body to produce and accumulate visceral fat around your midline.

Excessive amounts of body fat secrete more leptin than the body can handle, the leptin receptors become resistant to the effect of leptin, the “I’m full” message cannot be received, and hunger grows unabated.  Thus, morbid obesity often perpetuates itself by blunting the appetite-suppressing effect of leptin.



Ghrelin is the hormone which makes you hungry. Ghrelin was discovered 7 years after leptin.

Ghrelin is secreted primarily in the lining of the stomach. 

Your stomach makes ghrelin when it’s empty. Just like leptin, ghrelin goes into the blood, crosses the blood-brain barrier, and ends up at your hypothalamus, where it tells you you’re hungry. 


Ghrelin is high before you eat and low after you eat.

Leptin is a hormone that is a result of a buildup of fat, so it’s a long term regulator of body weight.  But ghrelin is the short term.   If you want to lose weight you want less ghrelin, so you don’t get hungry. 

Lowering levels of ghrelin leads to decreased body fat.   


Fructose prevents leptin and insulin from elevating to normal levels after a meal, while increasing ghrelin and triglycerides. The soft drinks like Coke and Pepsi are packed with HFCS.   This can lead to a dramatic increase in calorie consumption. Fructose ends up circumventing the normal appetite signaling system, so appetite-regulating hormones aren't triggered--and you're left feeling unsatisfied

Ghrelin levels remain high until food stretches the wall of your stomach, making you feel full. High volume, low calorie, nutrient dense foods reduce ghrelin and increase leptin levels long before you have overeaten.  Even drinking water stretches your stomach.

Less than 7 hours of sleep has been associated with higher ghrelin levels, decreased leptin, increased hunger, and higher body weight in . You will find so many fatsos sleeping less.

Stress is associated with higher body weight and ghrelin production.  


Ghrelin is a fast-acting hormone, playing a role in meal initiation.  Ghrelin levels increase before meals and decrease after meals.  The more you have in your system, the hungrier you are and the more fat your body stores.   Lack of sleep increases ghrelin levels, and these people raid the fridge .. 


Ghrelin is so efficient at stimulating your hunger centers, that elevated levels of ghrelin will make you feel the same way as if your were in full starvation mode – desperately craving the richest, highest calorie and sweetest foods.  Ghrelin cycles in 4 hour increments, so typically you would be hungriest 4 hours after your last meal. 

8 hours of sleep per night is the ideal.  Know this very well - sleep deprivation causes your ghrelin levels to increase.  

Next time you see a nutritionist or a sports coach ask whim what is Ghrelin— kaun sa khet ka mooli hai ?.



Protein intake also staves off the release of elevated ghrelin levels, so make sure that each meal starts off with high quality protein sources, especially the first one.


6000 year old Ayurveda suggests you include all tastes — sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter and astringent — in at least one meal each day, to help balance unnatural cravings /midnight fridge raids .


Above / Below:  A perfect 6 pack has INTERLOCKED muscles -- they are never like chocolate bars.


Cortisol is a stress hormone. Your adrenal glands produce cortisol in response to stress, physical, mental or emotional.



This hormone is released within the body to increase blood sugar and regulate metabolism.   Fluctuations of the cortisol levels within the body can affect mental well-being.


Cortisol signals fat cells to hold on to their fat stores— so stress can actually reduce the ability of the body to release fat from its fat stores to use for energy

Stress makes a person fat primarily because of an excessive secretion of the key stress hormone, cortisol, along with a reduced secretion of key anabolic hormones, such as DHEA, testosterone, and growth hormone.  

This combination of highly catabolic cortisol and reduced anabolic hormones causes the body to store fat, lose muscle, slow metabolic rate, and increase appetite—all of which have the ultimate effect of making a person fatter.

Overall, stress makes you burn fewer calories and consume more food (especially carbohydrates), which increases your stress levels even more!

Cortisol works in tandem with the master of your metabolism, your thyroid.  If you’re cranking out cortisol , you’ll start getting resistance from hormone receptors so it will require more hormones to create the same effect , creating a viscous stress cycle.

Our adrenal glands govern our stress response, by secreting hormones relative to our stress levels.   When the adrenal glands are overworked, the body prepares for disaster, by storing fat and calories.  We crave foods, we lose precious energy, and we gain weight., with increased levels of cortisol, our body also does not respond as well to leptin, the hormone that makes us feel full, so we eat more.


Normally when we feel begin to feel hungry, our blood sugar drops and the brain sends a message to the adrenal glands to release cortisol.  Cortisol activates glucose, fats, and amino acids to keep our body fueled with energy until we eat.  Cortisol maintains blood sugar levels, and insulin helps our cells absorb glucose.  

When we have long term stress, both insulin and cortisol remain elevated in the blood, and the extra glucose is stored as fat–mostly in the abdomen.

Fat cells have special receptors for the stress hormone cortisol, and there are more of these receptors in our abdominal fat cells than anywhere else in our bodies!

Eat well for healthy adrenal glands.    Since cortisol helps regulate blood sugar, keeping glucose levels balanced will take some of the stress off the adrenal glands.  Three nutritious meals will keep our adrenal glands steady.



Restricting your carbohydrate  intake too drastically can lead to:--
decreased thyroid output
increased cortisol output
decreased testosterone
muscle catabolism

Our hypothalamus and pituitary glands, inside the brain, are sensitive to things like energy availability and stress.    A flabby stomach can be a sign of over-production of the stress hormone cortisol.


Cortisol increases levels of fat and sugar in the bloodstream to prepare you for fight or flight.  But unless you do something physical - as your body is expecting you to - all that extra energy, in the form of fat and glucose, has nowhere to go.   So, it must be re-deposited as fat.

That's why people under constant stress quite often feel hungry all the time. Abdominal fat has more cortisol receptors than fat elsewhere in your body.

Don’t talk business over meals . Concentrating on food without distractions is linked to reduced cortisol levels and a decrease in belly fat.


Cortisol can cause cravings for junk foods – simultaneously shutting off the goal oriented centers of the brain and ramping up the reward centers of the brain.


Hormones act as cellular messengers. They deliver information about what's happening outside the body to cells inside the body.  Cortisol plays both a protective role and adaptation role. It works against inflammation and also releases the body's sugar and fat stores to meet the demands of stress.  Anything that poses a potential threat to the body will result in cortisol being requisitioned for  help.


Cortisol works as good guy and bad guy . It is required for optimal health and actually burns fat, under the right circumstances.  However it can  become destructive in certain situations, like when it's chronically elevated or continuously suppressed.  When cortisol is too high or too low, it aint no good.   


Hormones are like people – they behave differently depending on the environment they find themselves in and the people they're surrounded by.   For example, high cortisol in a low-calorie state will produce a different outcome compared to high cortisol in a high-calorie state.   Same thing with exercise – you want  cortisol high while you're exercising; you want it low when you're not.


During exercise, cortisol works with your other fat burning hormones, the catecholamines (adrenaline and noradrenaline) and growth hormone, to increase fat release.

When cortisol is "socializing" with insulin instead, it has the exact opposite effect.  Cortisol is actually NOT a fat-storing belly-fat hormone.  Insulin and cortisol together, with a high-calorie diet,  are the real cause of belly fat.


Another dual action of cortisol is how it interacts with the body's main metabolic fat burning engine, the thyroid gland. Cortisol and the catecholamines sensitize thyroid receptors. So low cortisol can also lead to low thyroid activity. High cortisol blocks the normal conversion of inactive thyroid (T4) into active thyroid (T3).  You need cortisol just right –neither too low, nor too high..

The command and control center of your metabolism is the hypothalamus. This is the center of your metabolic sensor/thermostat.   This area needs to "hear" the signals being sent by peripheral hormones like leptin and insulin, both of which shut down hunger in normal circumstances.

Chronically elevated cortisol levels cause irritation in the hypothalamus leading to down regulation of hormone receptors inducing hormone resistance.


Imagine walking into a room with a strong hydrogen sulphide odor and covering your nose and mouth, only to realize later you can no longer smell the odor. This is what cortisol does to the brain. It muffles its satiety sensing mechanism.

Cortisol is also involved in cravings. Cortisol along with other stress hormones (i.e. the catecholamines), increases desire for more palatable, calorie dense foods. It does this while simultaneously shutting off the goal oriented centers of the brain and ramping up the reward centers of the brain.


Cortisol is made in the adrenal glands mostly, but it can be made in the belly visceral fat too..    which contains an enzyme called 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11-HSD).  This is an enzyme that converts inactive cortisone into active cortisol.  This means belly fat can produce its own cortisol!

And in another twist in the complicated relationship between insulin and cortisol, insulin increases 11-HSD activity, which increases cortisol levels which then causes increased insulin resistance.  In this way, belly fat acts like a parasite ensuring its growth at the detriment of the host.   

Sometimes an extra hour in bed, to lower cortisol, may be a better strategy than an extra hour on the treadmill.  Fatsos must sleep well . During your sleep, your body utilizes fat as it’s primary source of fuel.  So getting enough sleep is key to making sure that your body burns off more fat!  


The three best ways to control cortisol are diet, exercise, and lifestyle.  Cortisol is an alarm hormone.   Skipping meals can raise cortisol because the brain requires a constant supply of glucose. For some, skipping meals will cause blood sugar changes that create a cortisol response.


Another great way to lower cortisol is finishing workouts with slow relaxing movements like leisure walking.
As cortisol levels rise, a protein (HES1) in your liver elevates, which turns off your liver’s ability to break down fat.  This also contributes to fatty liver and abdominal weight gain. We are designed for fight or flight.  



Cortisol is produced as a response to stress ,and we are all stresses nowadays . Even people who go on holidays are overly stressed , and they find out the hard way, that home is a less stressing place.


Stress increases your cravings for sweets and carbohydrates, it increases  muscle breakdown for energy production, it increases the percentage of fat that is stored in your abdominal area, and it increases your levels of depression and anxiety – which make you eat more, which further increases your cortisol levels, creating a vicious cycle,  resulting in you feeling tired and burnt out all of the time. 


Cortisol depletes lean muscle and makes your body hold on to fat in the abdominal region.  It also enlarges your fat cells, allowing them to store more fat.  Cortisol is catabolic and elevated cortisol levels can cause the loss of muscle tissue by facilitating the process of converting lean tissue into glucose.  



An excess of cortisol can also lead to a decrease in insulin sensitivity, increased insulin resistance, reduced kidney function, hypertension, suppressed immune function, reduced growth hormone levels, and reduced connective tissue strength.  Chronically elevated levels of cortisol can also decrease strength and performance in athletes.

Get more spinach in your diet.  Spinach has magnesium which help balance your body’s production of cortisol.


Zinc help inhibit the production of cortisol.   If you don’t eat meat, you can also get zinc from cashews, pumpkin seeds, spinach and beans.  Cortisol inhibits the growth of beneficial microflora in the intestines.  

These essential bacteria support the immune system, create B vitamins, and increase the absorption of minerals like calcium, iron, and magnesium.  A decrease in their population results in more colds, sore throats, headaches, diarrhea, upset stomachs and the overgrowth of harmful bacteria and fungus like candida.


Eliminate caffeine from your diet. It’s the quickest way to reduce cortisol production and elevate the production of DHEA, the leading anabolic youth hormone.  Cortisol levels are very high when we wake up in the morning and falls as we go through the day.  

When we are stressed, our body releases extra cortisol to help the body respond to stress; as a result, our heart rate, breathing, perspiration, and adrenaline levels all go up, muscles gets tensed, and  metabolism goes down.

A cortisol blood test can measure the amount of cortisol in the body and determine if there are problems with the adrenal gland.  Thin arms and legs, along with excessive weight carried around the midsection are typically symptoms of a high cortisol level.


Low cortisol levels can produce low blood pressure, as well as low blood sugar. Both of these conditions can suppress the immune system and cause weakness and changes in skin pigmentation.


Eliminate Mumbai Irani restaurant type bright fluorescent white tube lights and go for golden lights in your home.

DIGRESSION: 

It is amusing read what nutritionists, media journalists and sport trainers write on the internet about obesity and fat loss.

Of course these jokers will jump up like orangutans and cry “ You are a ship captain—what do you know of all this !“

Fair point ?

You don’t need to be a hen to judge an omelet .

I remember I was working in a shore office abroad for a couple of months.  Those days my company had the largest number of Chemical tankers on this planet.   Due to sudden expansion, we had to take in lot of Europeans.   

Now in India our marine engineers are BE or Btech or even Mtech.  They have a 4 year degree .   But for the white man they join as ordinary sailor crew –  wipers, motormen etc  —and they work their way up . 

Their engineering basics are PATHETIC .

So the big boss asked me to create an Engineering question bank , to vet these wannabe joiner engineers .
Now I am a Captain  ( navigator/ executive side )– NOT an engineer.

And at that instant there were 16 qualified Engineers in the office – all experienced –manning different groups— bulk carriers, tankers, VLCC,  product tankers, fully refrigerated gas ships, chemical tankers etc.

These engineers had pride of their professions –and all of them felt all balls , that this job was given to yours truly, totally unqualified for the job—and they voices it too, in my presence.

We used to be one happy bunch when we go for lunch outside the office .

But now--

SULK  SULK !

So I went back to my cabin and send a general email to all engineers in the office , copied to the big boss.

I will create question banks on every branch of Engineering— If any of you can PASS—not max—this test –
I will give you guys the puraskar ( gift hamper ) you want.  They could take as much time as they want and consult any book or the internet.

There were NO takers ! 

Wanna peek into one of them?

Punch into Google search-

MARINE ENGINEERING SELF EXAMINER  REFRIGERATION  VADAKAYIL .


Now you will understand the expression --  DUH !



Before India got independence heart attack , kidney problems and Alzhiemers disease was unknown in Kerala as we cooked with virgin freshly pressed coconut oil.  .  Today Kerala is the head quarters of these killer diseases, as we consume bad for health vegetable oils..

Almost all the houses, including my own ,  dried their own coconuts in the back yard and took the copra to the nearby crusher mill to extract fresh oil.


With Independence , we had “lobbied up” corrupt ministers of R Communist and Syrian Christian Jew lobby who imported vegetable oils from abroad.  They joined the false Western propaganda that Coconut oil is bad for the heart.  


Deliberately these foreign laboratories used HYDROGENATED and refined coconut oils for their tests, by R controlled labs,  to convince people with their lies. .
  
In the high heat of Indian cooking of  greater than 250 deg Centigrade fancy oils like Canola,  Olive , Corn, Safflower, Sunflower , Soya etc , gets unstable with free radicals abuzz from pulverised molecules and become carcinogenic.  In India we do NOT stir fry our foods at low heat.


“Virgin" coconut oil is organic and unrefined with NIL additives . It is undeodorized, unhardened coconut oil, with high levels of natural anti-oxidants and NIL trans fats . Coconut oil can be used to deep fry because it is a stable oil that can withstand high temperature cooking. 


All health studies on coconut oils have been done by the R lobby on hydrogenated oils DELIBERATELY , so that the West can have a immoral and foul trade advantage with their own GM Canola, GM Sunflower , GM soya bean oil, GM peanut oil etc. 

Below: Be patient bikini babes- Shaggy is comin' --to sing for you !



The Muslim lobby of Kerala govt imported palm oil from Islamic countries like Malaysia and Indonesia.  It was all about kick backs in foreign accounts.

India is the biggest importer of edible oil on this planet . The only reason is kickbacks for politicians and political parties. This black money MUST be halted and the corrupt guilty punished.  Indians must start using "virgin" coconut oil for cooking.  



The illegal assets of Kerala Ministers who were bribed by the Palm oil lobby must be siezed. They made millions in way of bribes.  

Doctors and cardiologists who went on FREE sex junkets abroad, also agreed with them, stating that Coconut oil has very high saturated fat content ( 92%) and hence it is bad --LDL cholesterol BLAH BLAH.



Ever since I put my post on coconut oil, the cost of coconuts jumped 4 fold in Kerala—it had been stagnant for 3 decades .

In India Hindus essentially offer Coconut to the gods in temples and pujas , due to its inherent goodness. 




Coconut oil is the world’s most weight loss friendly fat.

It contains a unique combination of fatty acids with powerful effects on metabolism.

Coconut oil, like mother's milk, is rich in lauric acid. Once inside our bodies, lauric acid gets converted to monolaurin, which has powerful anti-viral, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties and does not harm our natural defenses, like medicines can.


Most foods contain predominantly long-chain fatty acids. It's the long chain fatty acids that lead to weight gain, raised cholesterol levels, atherosclerosis,  cardiovascular disease and put a strain on the liver, pancreas and digestive tract.   


Coconut oil consists almost entirely of Medium Chain Fatty Acids.   The thing with these medium chain fatty acids, is that they are metabolised differently than the longer chain fats.  



The medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) found in coconut oil are smaller and can easily cross cell membranes without the need for the special enzymes or carrier proteins. 


MCTs go straight to the liver where they are converted to energy that the body can use rather than being stored as fat.  The MCTs don't even need bile or pancreatic enzymes to be used by the body and are therefore perfect for those who have no gallbladder. 


Just by adding coconut oil to your diet, you can lose fat, especially the “dangerous” fat in the abdominal cavity.  Medium chain fats are stored less efficiently than other fats.  Coconut oil is also a thermogenic and burns fat.   Coconut oil is the world’s ONLY weight loss friendly fat.


One important property of coconut oil is that it is “thermogenic” – eating it tends to increase energy expenditure (fat burning) compared to the same amount of calories from other fats .


Ketone bodies (which the liver produces when you eat coconut oil) have a powerful appetite reducing effect Coconut oil boosts fat burning (increases “calories out”) and it also reduces the appetite .


Coconut oil really is a miracle food.   It stabilizes blood sugar levels, helps balance hormones, stimulates thyroid function leading to increased metabolism and fat burning.  


It reduces stress on the liver and pancreas and boosts the cellular healing processs of the body by destroying dangerous microbes and enhancing tissue repair, hence its ability to aid the healing if skin wounds, cuts, burns and bruizes.  As it is so easy to metabolize, it effectively boosts our energy levels.   

Patients in Alzheimer in USA drink table spoons of coconut oil daily, neat, as a health tonic.


Coconut oil was demonized immorally for decades by vested western lobby for its considerable saturated fat.  Today all  scientists understand that there is a big difference between the long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) found in other veg oils andthe medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) found in coconut oil.  


Unlike LCT, which must be broken down in the intestines and transported to the blood before they can be used for energy, MCT is metabolized very quickly and actually bypass the fat cells in which they might otherwise be stored.  

Dieters who choose to receive their fats from MCT- rich veg oils like coconut oil will experience the greatest long-term results.


The Caprylic Acid inherent in coconut oil destroys Candida yeast . This acid  basically "pokes holes" in the Candida yeast cell wall, causing it to die.  


Virgin Coconut oil helps prevent modern diseases like Crohns disease,  fatty liver disease , kidney diseases , Parkinsons , high BP and cholesterol , Alzheimer’s , obesity, fungi , viral diseases , diabetes , breast cancers, PMS syndrome etc. 

Punch into Google search-
QUANTUM DRINK, COCONUT WATER  VADAKAYIL



Punch into Google search-


COCONUT PALM TREE SUGAR , NUTRITIOUS SWEETENER FOR OBESITY  VADAKAYIL


You have NO idea how wonderful the self healing human body is.  

Water makes up 65% of the human body. Brain is 83% water, blood-92%, kidneys - 82%, liver-69% , muscles-75%, bones-28%.   50 to 90% weight of living organisms is water. Without water, the blood wont move. 

A human being will die within 3 days of being deprived of water, as cells, blood and tissues are deprived of the water content. Water is the lubricant of all moving parts in the body. All cells are water cooled.


Water has an unusually large heat capacity, requiring a lot of energy to increase its temperature. Water’s high thermal conductivity speeds up heat redistribution in living tissues, which helps protect the body from uneven heating and cooling, whether such changes are caused by metabolic processes or external mechanisms. 

Though water freezes at zero deg C , however if it is kept inside the capillaries which have the dimensions less than a hair thickness, it will remain fluid even at a very low temperature below zero.  


Water is the only natural substance found in all three states -- solid, liquid and gas -- within the range of natural Earth temperatures. Unlike other liquids, water expands in freezing. 

Water is the universal medium for all biological activity; it dissolves, dilutes, transports, and reacts with every chemical essential for life. Cell-associated water (vicinal water) has different properties than ordinary water. It is less dense, requires more energy to heat, has greater viscosity, and different phase change temperatures.


Water responds to subtle events even far out in the cosmos and that it is a far more sensitive medium for reception . Water retains information, even after the most stringent purification and filtration processes.  The water molecule is not linear but bent in a special way. As a result, part of the molecule is negatively charged and part positively charged. 

The chemistry of life is water chemistry. Without water's capacity to store and share information as different vibrating frequencies in an extraordinary manner,living cells would not be able to communicate with each other . 


The water we drink is 3 billion years old.  Water can propagate fast moving 5th dimension antigravity soliton waves, maintaining its shape and velocity of around 960 kilometrers per hour without dissipating its energy (example- tsunami ).   


Water easily penetrates the 75 trillion cells and mitochondrial membranes, to supply nutrients and flush away toxins. As we grow old our bodies are NOT able to absorb water into the cells.


Now let us connect water with obesity-

Water is the medium in which most cellular activities take place, including the transport and burning of fat.  Drinking plenty of calorie-free water makes you feel full and eat less..  


When you are dehydrated, your body temperature drops slightly, and causes your body to store fat as a way to help raise or maintain the temperature.  Chilled water help cool your core temperature -- which rises during physical activity -- but your stomach absorbs cold water faster than warm water .  


Fresh lemon infused water greatly increases enzymes that detoxify your liver so that it may carry out its basic functions efficiently. 



Drink this lemon water sweetened with honey on an empty stomach first thing in the morning.  Do not eat or drink anything else for 20 minutes .


In case of dehydration, your kidneys can take help from your liver and reduce the liver’s speed to burn fat.  So drink enough water to lose belly fat faster.   Keep well hydrated – as dehydration puts the body in stress and raises cortisol levels.  Keep pure water by your bed and drink it  before you go to sleep.  



Water drinking helps you to boost your metabolic rate - the rate at which calories are burned.  They note that up to 40% of the increase in calorie burning is caused by the body's attempt to heat the ingested COLD water.   Water-drinking induces increase of energy expenditure by stimulation of osmosensitive structures.


Thermogenesis kaun sa khet ka aaloo hai ?

Thermogenesis is the process by which warm-blooded animals produce heat. It is directly connected to metabolic rate.  When thermogenesis is increased in the body metabolism speeds up and fat cells are used as energy to support the change in metabolism.

Thermogenesis, is the production of heat, in the body. High-protein diets are more thermogenic compared to high-carb or high-fat diets.

Thermogenic foods help increase metabolism and calorie burning by enhancing thermogenesis, a process in which the body burns calories to utilize the foods you have just eaten, converting those calories to heat.

Your body mainly burns calories consumed through maintaining its regular metabolic functions and through physical activity; however, a small percentage, about 10%, of calories are burned through diet-induced thermogenesis.

Foods that have thermogenic properties burn your calories as you eat them.  Protein is highly thermogenic.  Animal proteins are more thermogenic than vegetable proteins.  Thus, lean meats are the best calorie burning food.  When you eat lean meat, you burn about 30 percent of the calories it contains within it just by digesting the food.  So, if you eat a 300 calorie chicken breast, you will use about 90 calories to digest it. 


It’s wise to include some protein in each of your meal.  Hot chillies have capsaicin, a compound that gives a thermogenic effect and thus makes the body to burn more calories after you have had the meal.  Chillies have the ability to lower blood pressure and induce blood vessels to relax. 

Below:  Mulagitta tanni (chillie infused water )


Consuming foods with spices such as hot chillies or black pepper increases thermogenesis ,and this has a significant effect on feelings of satiety and fat oxidation.


Cinnamon is a thermogenic.  It  produces heat through metabolic stimulation and burns  your fat.




Decreasing food intake is much more effective than increasing physical activity to achieve weight loss.   If you want to achieve a 300 kcal energy deficit you can jog for 4 kilometers and avoid that packets of chips.

Diet induced thermogenesis is the process by which the body produces energy by metabolizing what we eat. 

Three factors that have an impact on your energy expenditure are:--
Basal metabolic rate -   the number of calories the body needs to maintain body functions while at rest.
Thermic effect of food -   the number of calories required to digest, absorb, transport, and store food.
Physical activity -   the number of calories expended during daily activity, lifestyle and exercise.

Basal Metabolic Rate (or resting metabolic rate) is the amount of energy your body would burn if you slept all day (24 hours).  Muscle burns more calories than fat does - even while at rest. Muscle tissue is about 8 times more metabolically demanding than fat.


The fatso will burn almost the same amount of calories during exercise but the leaner person burns more calories at rest. Then, when you lose significant amounts of body fat and muscle, your body needs fewer calories to sustain itself.  This is why it is so easy to regain weight after you have worked your as$ off to lose it.

When you restrict calories too low your metabolism slows down.  Your body slows down in order to adapt to the lower calorie intake so it can function with less fuel.  And, it actually begins holding on to every calorie you eat and storing it as fat.  This is why people who diet, usually gain back their weight once they start eating normally again.


Thermic effect of food (TEF) is the energy you use to eat, digest and metabolize food.   Diet induced thermogenesis is different for each nutrient and represents about 10% of the total amount of energy ingested over 24 hours.

Fats have thermic effect approximately 3%.  Dietary fat is very easy to process. Carbohydrates induced thermogenic response is about 7%.  Proteins are hard to process and is the most thermogenic nutrient, with the thermic effect around 30%.   Thermogenic herbs and spices include hot chilli , pepper, cinnamon, garlic, ginger, turmeric etc


 Protein exerts an increased thermic effect when compared to fat and carbohydrate. A main reason for the difference is because the body has no storage capacity for protein. Higher protein diets increase satiety when compared to lower protein diets.

We burn more energy through the process of sweating. It is good to sweat it out during a workout.  Energy used during exercise is the only form of energy expenditure that you have any control over.


Slow down when eating.  It takes 15 minutes for your brain to get the message from your stomach that you've had enough to eat. If you eat too fast, you'll exceed your calorie needs before you even realize you're full ! So chew well.

Never consume fructose Coke before workouts because it blunts fat burning and lowers metabolic rate.
Curcumin in turmeric inhibits the growth of fat tissue and stimulates fat burning in the body.

Caffeinated coffee improves adipocyte and liver function. It can support fat burning and optimal body composition .  As a young boy, before our early morning Kalari workouts all we were allowed were black coffee made with palm sugar and a tablespoon of humped cow’s desi ghee in it. 

Caffeine causes the body to rely more on fat for fuel during a workout, rather than glucose.  Ghee is a healthy fat.  Fats take longer to break down in your stomach and help control blood-sugar levels, leaving you more satisfied and reducing your cravings.


Your body will not digest food -- and burn fat -- as efficiently if you eat a huge meal just before bedtime, especially because your metabolism is slower while you sleep.

A normal person can have as low as 10% of their daily caloric intake from protein, but if you want to blast fat, you're better off at around 25%.

When you eat small meals all the time, your body is constantly producing insulin and never getting to a burn stage.  You never really feel 100% satisfied.  So instead of eating 5-6 small meals a day, as sport coaches advise you, better eat three decent ones and maybe two wee snacks.

Carbohydrate cycling. ---The science behind it is that you have a couple low-carbohydrate days  that get your body into a catabolic fat burning state.  But then you have a day of high-carbohydrate intake, that gets your metabolism running.  Without that high-carb day, your metabolism starts shutting down.


Calorie cycling---- The science behind it is, if you don't eat enough calories, your body starts eating away your muscles. Therefore, when you're on a low-calorie diet, you have to have days of higher caloric intake to keep it going and your metabolism up .


You can eat as healthily as can be,  and you can jog your as$ off.   But you can't control your hormones.


Insulin resistance is similar to leptin resistance and they share common signalling pathways.   Insulin resistance occurs when there’s lots of insulin being produced (for example, with a diet high in sugar and simple carbohydrate), but the body and brain have stopped “listening” to insulin’s effects.

Fructose in soft drinks induce leptin resistance

Under stress, the first desire is to gorge on something sweet like chocolate, to help cool off your system. If stress is really intense and your adrenals are crashing, you will crave a lot of fat and salt to feel better.

A lot of obesity misconceptions are due to Opray fu#kin’ Winfrey shooting her pea brained head off, based on what big brother wants to tell you to sell his products..



There is a crucial link between high levels of insulin and pathways that lead to obesity



Below: Ghee from humped cow milk is good for you!


Avoid transfats to reduce belly fat.  Transfats is found in many fried fast foods and packages foods.
Insulin also signals the body to produce fat.     High levels of insulin found in those who develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are a contributor to obesity .

Consuming excessive amounts of fructose ( HFCS in soft drinks ) can lead to insulin resistance and chronically elevated insulin levels, as well as problems with cholesterol, triglycerides and blood sugars .

Insulin resistance is a key feature of the metabolic syndrome, which causes type II diabetes, and obesity .  Fructose,  is THE leading cause of some of the biggest health problems on this planet.


Elevated triglycerides in the blood can block leptin from getting into the brain. Fructose is one of the key drivers of elevated triglycerides.

High insulin levels can block the action of leptin in the brain . Which translates to insulin in brain , shuts off hunger .  Insulin resistance in brain causes increased hunger.

When people who don’t exercise and eat a quintessential Hilly Billy yank / John Bull western diet, which includes enormous fructose from added sugar, this can be a complete disaster… leading to metabolic syndrome , morbid obesity and all sorts of horrible diseases.


Above: Can this bikini babe make Shaggy sing -- hey, sexy lady ?

Reduce white sugar in your diet.    Sugar is one of the main causes of fat.  Instead of sugar, have complex carbohydrates. Your body converts complex carbohydrates into sugar and they are beneficial for you.


Sweet potatoes contain carotenoids that help stabilize blood sugar levels and lower insulin resistance, making cells more responsive to insulin. This can ultimately help with your weight-loss efforts.  Sweet potatoes are also rich in potassium and vitamin C; a small potato provides  the daily allowance.


Above:  The bikini babe must replace fatty foods with sweet potato rich in complex carbohydrates..if she wants Shaggy to sing her praises .

Avoid sugar in the diet and refined carbohydrates to keep from spiking your insulin production

The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI),  ranked the humble sweet potato number one in nutrition of all vegetables.  With a score of 184, the sweet potato outscored the next highest vegetable by more than 100 points.  Points were given for content of dietary fiber, naturally occurring sugars and complex carbohydrates, protein, vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. Points were deducted for fat content (especially saturated fat), sodium, cholesterol, added refined sugars and caffeine. The higher the score, the more nutritious the food.

Sweet potato baked 184
Spinach 76
Mixed Vegetables 52
Broccoli 52
Cabbage, Raw 34
Green Peas 33
Carrot 30
Okra 30
Corn on the Cob 27
Tomato 27
Green Pepper 26
Cauliflower 25

Romaine Lettuce 24

In Kerala Thiruvathira was a festival ,when it was custom to eat sweet potatoes. Today the wannabe gora gaand Chutney Marys want to have booze in bars on Valentines day, and stealthily give a under the table hand job to their partner Pickle Johns  –  such is the degradation of Indian culture.  

Below:  Hand job party-- BHAGHOOOO !  haath baad mein dho lena !!


When they get thrown out of the bar for perversion— the BENAMI Indian media and TROJAN HORSE NGOs comes to their rescue 



Below:  Saint Valentine was a Roman Catholic "saint" who lived 16 centuries ago. On this day in India road side romeos will send love letters and expensive gifts to your daughters and sisters , hoping for something in return  - -mutual fruits are tasted. The prom day was a good day to lose your virginity, right ?  St Valentine tried to convert Emperor Claudius and got screwed  .  Before his death by execution , Valentine wrote a farewell love letter to Judge Asterius’s daughter, which he signed, “Your Valentine.”


Punch into Google search-
THIRUVATHIRA , KARVA CHAUTH OF KERALA VADAKAYIL

When you consume too much sugar, the body starts producing extra insulin to compensate for the excess sugar and, over a prolonged period, the body's own sensitivity to the hormone is reduced. The condition is a precursor to type 2 diabetes and is related to obesity..


Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is important for the regulation of carbohydrates and the metabolism of fat.   Insulin stimulates glucose (sugar) uptake from the blood in tissues such as muscles, the liver and fat.  This is an important process to make sure that energy is available for everyday functioning and to maintain normal levels of circulating glucose.

In a person who is obese, insulin signals are sometimes lost and tissues are no longer able to control glucose levels. This can lead to the development of type II diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Weight gain is a common side effect for diabetics who take insulin — a hormone that regulates the absorption of sugar (glucose) by cells.  When you take insulin, glucose is able to enter your cells, and glucose levels in your blood drop. This is the desired therapeutic goal.



But if you take in more calories than you need to maintain a healthy weight — given your level of activity — your cells will get more glucose than they need. Glucose that your cells don't use accumulates as fat.  Eating healthy foods and being physically active most days can help such people prevent unwanted weight gain. 



When insulin fails to unlock our cells, the appetite is increased while the body’s ability to burn fat is decreased. This syndrome is part of the modern problem of rising rates of obesity and diabetes.

Insulin resistance in the liver, meaning that the liver stops “seeing” the insulin in the blood. When that happens, the body starts producing even more insulin.


Insulin resistance means that your body’s muscle and liver cells don’t respond adequately to normal levels of insulin, the pancreatic hormone that carries glucose into the body’s cells. Glucose levels in the blood rise, heightening the risk for diabetes.


Chronic stress can lead the body to ignore the function of insulin.   Insulin resistance develops when the cells fail to respond to insulin’s message to take in glucose from the blood stream. Elevated blood sugar due to stress and diet contributes to the development of insulin resistance.



Ketosis is a state at which the body has an extremely high fat-burning rate. To encourage ketone production, the amount of insulin in your bloodstream must be low.  The lower your insulin, the higher your ketone production.   


And when you have a well-controlled, sufficiently large amount of ketones in your blood, it’s basically proof that your insulin is very low – and therefore, that you’re enjoying the maximum effect of your low-carbohydrate diet.  That’s what’s called optimal ketosis.


With the exception of the brain, the highest concentration of nerve cells is found in the intestinal mucosa. This enables the intestine to communicate effectively with the brain about what it needs and does not need.


The intestine is our largest hormone-producing organ, affecting the health, metabolism and the functionality of the entire body. 


The gel-like substance that soluble fibers form when they dissolve in water causes things to swell . It hunger feelings and overall food intake. It decreases the number of calories that are actually absorbed from the ingested food.

Vegetables are nutrient-dense, meaning they pack maximum nutrition value with minimal calories, leaving you more full on fewer calories. Fiber absorbs water and takes up more space in your stomach, fighting off hunger pangs, too.   Junk food is food that offers almost nothing but calories—like french fries, potato chips and sweets . 

Eating healthy fats like ghee and coconut oil is good.   

To get rid of that stubborn fat and start building muscle, you need protein.  The body can burn protein to survive, but it prefers carbohydrates and fats; so when you feed it mainly protein, it will go for the carbohydrates and fats you already have stored.



The thyroid hormone thyroxine regulates the basal metabolic rate. People with an under-active thyroid gland tend to be sluggish and overweight.

The thyroid’s job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body.  Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should.

The cause of the weight gain in hypothyroid individuals is complex, and not always related to excess fat accumulation.  Most of the extra weight gained in hypothyroid individuals is due to excess accumulation of salt and water.  Massive weight gain is rarely associated with hypothyroidism.  
  
Lacking a good night’s sleep can, in fact, cause you to gain weight because it makes you feel hungry all the time. It’s not your stomach that’s asking for food but it’s your mind that needs feeding.    One way to lower stress is to get enough sleep, ideally eight hours each night.  REM sleep helps you to perform better at your job.

Stress eating is even worse when it is accompanied by insomnia, anxiety, excessive agitation, and an internal “wound up” feeling.   This means the arousal thermostat is now set too high in your hypothalamus, a problem driven by a certain type of nerves called hypocretins.  These signals are core to pleasure seeking, which directly leads to excess food consumption or some other addictive “solution” in order to feel better.

Iron is essential for proper metabolism, including normal thyroid activation and cellular function. Rather iron is  indispensable to your survival.

Obesity-induced inflammation elevates a hormone called hepcidin, which has the unfortunate side effect of disrupting iron metabolism in your body. Inflammation associated with excess body weight elevates the hormone in your liver- hepcidin, which has the net effect of reducing iron absorption into your body from your digestive tract. The result is a metabolic nightmare of weight gain, fatigue, and poor thyroid function. 


Hepcidin levels elevate in response to inflammation. This could be from inflammation of any type: infection, toxin exposure, excess alcohol, medications, injury, excess exercise, lack of sleep, too much stress, etc.   If your body is in a state of inflammatory wear and tear it may be difficult to use iron in a healthy way. 

Rampant overuse of antibiotics and high-sugar diets have created an epidemic of candida albicans overgrowth in overweight people. This is especially common in overweight people with thyroid problems.. This means that your body may raise hepcidin levels as part of its natural defense against candida overgrowth.



Low iron turns on genes in your liver and muscles that promote fat storage and cause abnormal blood sugar elevation – precisely what goes wrong with metabolism that leads to the metabolic syndrome.

As you begin to lose weight, you reduce inflammation, hepcidin levels should come down, and the iron in your diet will work better.



Body fat secretes adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory hormone involved in glucose regulation, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride clearance, and insulin sensitivity.  More adiponectin means better fat burning, favorable blood lipids, improved glucose tolerance, and lower insulin levels. 

Below: Baby, have one more Coke-- and then Shaggy will sing !!


Unfortunately, the relationship between body fat and adiponectin secretion isn’t like the one between body fat and leptin. The more body fat you have, the less adiponectin you secrete. That’s why the obese and overweight tend to have lower levels of the beneficial hormone.


Adiponectin tells your body to burn fat for fuel, but the more fat on your body, the lower your adiponectin levels.  To break the cycle and kick start your adiponectin, take a high-quality magnesium supplement or eat lots of seeds and green, leafy vegetables.




Garlic has excellent anti-obesity properties. Every minute our body cells die and our body makes new cells to replace them. Adipocytes (also called lipocytes and fat cells) are the cells in our body which primarily compose adipose tissue (body fat). In the adipose tissue, there undergoes a process wherein pre-adipocytes are converted into full-fledged adipose tissue or fat. This process is known as adipogenesis.


Garlic inhibits this process of adipogenisis or the process of making fat.  Garlic stops your pre fat cells from converting into fat cells.   

As soon as you get off bed, slice a raw garlic using a sharp blade, into small pieces , to fill up a tea spoon and wash it down with a glass of water.


A lymph node massage is good.

Punch into Google search-
YOGA AND AYURVEDIC MASSAGE FOR DRAINING LYMPH NODES VADAKAYIL  



Friendly flora helps protect your GI tract from bile-related irritation, but the lack of friendly flora causes digestive imbalance that is yet another metabolic stressor directly leading to fatty buildup in your liver.

Punch into Google search-
PROBIOTICS, PREBIOTICS, FRIENDLY GUT BACTERIA VADAKAYIL







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